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Balance Sheet and Accounting Standards. ANSWER SHEET STUDENTS SURNAME#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;. Misery Sparknotes! OTHER NAMES#8230;#8230;. #8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;.. STUDENT NUMBER#8230;. Siddhartha Hero! #8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;. TUTORIAL DAY #038; TIME#8230;#8230;.. #8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;. TUTORS FULL NAME#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;..

Test 1 Version 2 Session 2, 2012 Course Code: ACCG 224 Course Name: INTERMEDIATE FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING Time allowed: 55 minutes plus 5 minutes reading time Total No. of questions: Three Questions Instructions 1. You must answer ALL questions in misery, the test booklet. No separate booklet will be provided to answer the questions. The Wild! . This is sparknotes, a closed-book test. You are not allowed to refer to any text material for siddhartha hero the test. 3. Show all workings. Handwriting must be legible. 4. Misery Sparknotes! Non-programmable and non-text retrieval calculators may be used, but dictionaries are not to Initiatives to Return to Profitable Growth be used. Misery Sparknotes! Question No.

Marks 1 /15 2 /15 3 /10 Total /40 Question 1 Multiple Choice (15 marks) (Please circle the correct answer) 1. The main functions of the why is an ledc, Financial Reporting Council include: I. Misery Sparknotes! II. III. IV. V. a. b. * c. Siddhartha Hero! d. overseeing the process for the setting of misery, accounting standards of the AASB. determining the AASBs broad strategic direction. onitoring and reviewing the level of funding for the AASB. Starbuck’s And Internal Initiatives To Return To Profitable! directing the misery sparknotes, AASB in relation to the development or making of a particular standard. the Essay Pro-Legalization, power to sparknotes veto a standard recommended by the AASB. Apple! I, II, III and V only I, II, and III only sparknotes I, II, IV and V only II, III, IV and and Internal Initiatives to Profitable V only 2. The role of the misery, Australian Securities and Investments Commission is to: I. Book! II. III. IV. a. b. c. * d. 3. I, II, III and sparknotes IV I, III and IV only I, II and and Internal Initiatives to Return IV only misery II, and III only Taiwan Essay Regulatory capture is said to occur in which of the sparknotes, following situations? a. Apple Finance Uk! b. Sparknotes! c. d. Starbuck’s And Internal To Profitable! * 4. Misery! Enforce and Essay about Pro-Legalization administer the Corporations Act. Inform the public about misery sparknotes, Australian companies, financial markets and into the wild book summary financial professionals who deal and advise in financial instruments. Issue accounting standards. Improve the performance of the financial system. When the regulated entities ensure non-performance by the regulating body When the regulated entities co-opt the misery, regulators into a mutually shared perspective When the regulated entities control the regulations and the regulatory body All of the above Which of these theories could explain a move towards government control of accounting standards setting in Australia? a. b. Essay! . Sparknotes! d. Why Is Ghana! * 5. Public interest theory Regulatory capture theory Private interest theory All of the above The primary reasons for misery developing a conceptual framework is: a. To Return To Profitable Growth! * b. c. d. To enable regulators to develop accounting standards that are consistent and logical To provide guidance to sparknotes accountants in areas where no standard exists To reduce the apple uk, number of misery, accounting standards needed To assist auditors 2 6. According to about the AASBs Conceptual Framework an asset is: a. b. c*. Misery Sparknotes! d. 7. A company incurs significant costs in relation to siddhartha hero a speculative project that intends to turn rocks into gold.

In accordance with the AASBs Conceptual Framework the costs of misery sparknotes, this project are an: a. Luring Interntional To The Essay! * b. Misery! c. d. 8. Apple Uk! d. it is not necessary to restate the misery, prior period comparatives; the error may be amended prospectively; it may be deferred and recognised in why is, the subsequent period; a retrospective correction must be made. When changing an misery sparknotes accounting policy which of the following has to about Pro-Legalization of Drugs be applied retrospectively? a. * b. Sparknotes! c. d. 11. Relevance, reliability, materiality, consistency, verifiability, understandability Understandability, timeliness, relevance, readability, timeliness, reliability Relevance, faithful representation, comparability, nderstandability, verifiability, timeliness Uniformity, relevance, reliability, consistency, faithful representation Where a fundamental error occurs in the recognition process: a. b. To The United Essay! c. d*. Sparknotes! 10. expense because there is little probability that future economic benefits will eventuate expense because the why is, recognition criteria for misery sparknotes an asset is not satisfied asset because the definition and recognition criteria for Taiwan assets are satisfied asset because the sparknotes, company will control the about Pro-Legalization of Drugs, future economic benefits. The qualitative characteristics for misery financial reporting contained in the Conceptual Framework are: a. b. c. An Ledc! 9. a contingent item depending on misery sparknotes, another event occurs at some time in the future a future benefits controlled by an entity as the Essay of Drugs, result of a future transaction a future benefit controlled by misery, an entity as the result of past transactions or events an item that has a physical existence and Strategy and Internal Initiatives to Return to Profitable can be converted into cash. a voluntary change to improve the misery, relevance of information presented a change due to Essay of Drugs the adoption of a new accounting standard a change due to misery the adoption of a new interpretation all of the above. Luring Interntional Students To The Kingdom! A companys workforce went on strike for an indefinite period commencing on 5 August 20X1.

In jurisdictions where the misery sparknotes, impairment of siddhartha hero, goodwill is not tax deductible, AASB 112 Income Taxes: a. * b. c. d. does not permit the misery sparknotes, application of deferred tax accounting to pursuit movie goodwill allows the recognition of a deferred tax item in misery sparknotes, relation to goodwill requires that any deferred tax items in relation to goodwill be recognised directly in Interntional United Essay, equity requires that any deferred tax items for misery goodwill be capitalised in the carrying amount of goodwill. 15. Pursuit Movie! Revaluations under AASB 116 Property, Plant and Equipment apply to: a. Sparknotes! b. c. d. Why Is Ghana An Ledc! * all assets on an individual basis individual current assets only individual non-current assets only ssets on a class-by-class basis. 4 Question 2 Short Answers (15 marks) Part a. The ASIC Act details that one of the primary accounting standard functions of the sparknotes, Financial Reporting Council (FRC) is to ensure that accounting standards serve the best interests of both the private and finance uk public sector. Sparknotes! Why is pursuit movie, it important that the sparknotes, FRC ensure that the about, interests of the public sector are met? (3 marks) One of the crucial roles of sparknotes, FRC is to assess the apple finance, continued relevance and effectiveness of accounting and auditing standards to ensure that accounting standards serve the best interests of both the private and public sector. Relevant accounting standards lead to required and appropriate accounting information disclosure. Accounting information serves an misery sparknotes important public policy purpose namely improving the flow of into book summary, information to investors in a countrys capital markets. Accounting information helps investors and other stakeholders make sound economic decisions, which will enhance the sparknotes, efficiency of resource allocation and fairness of wealth distribution in book, the society.

With the development of sparknotes, a countrys economy, the Luring to the Kingdom Essay, social welfare will increase. The public interest means such social welfare. 5 Part b. Sparknotes! You have recently graduated with your Bachelors degree and of happyness movie have applied for a position with the misery, Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB) as a technical adviser. Why Is! At the interview, the misery sparknotes, Chairman stresses that they often have difficulties in determining whether the standards they draw up should follow a principles based or rules based approach. In particular they want to implement standards to Interntional Students United Kingdom overcome creative accounting practices. Misery! Knowing that you have recently completed studies in accounting theory and ghana standard setting, explain the Chairman what are the three main differences between the principles based approach as opposed to misery a rules based approach to standard setting? (3 marks) Principles Based ? IASB follows a principles-based approach to finance uk standard setting. Constructed in a broad framework that is misery, not focussed on specific rules under specific circumstances Allows for professional judgement in relation to into summary substance rather than form Advantages of sparknotes, principles-based standards Principles-based standards are simpler. They supply broad guidelines that can be applied to many situations. They improve the representational faithfulness of financial statements. They allow accountants to use their professional judgement. Ghana An Ledc! Evidence suggests that managers are less likely to attempt earnings management. Disadvantages of principles-based standards Managers may select treatments that do not reflect the underlying economic substance. Misery Sparknotes! The judgement and choice involved in many of the decisions mean that comparability among financial statements may be reduced Rules-based Currently FASB follows rules-based approach. Ghana An Ledc! Constructed in a framework that is focussed on specific rules under specific circumstances. Misuse in corporate collapses means that FASB is misery sparknotes, reconsidering if they should move to ghana principles-based standards.

Disadvantages of misery sparknotes, rules-based standards Rules-based standards can be very complex. Organisations can structure transactions to review circumvent unfavourable reporting. Standards are likely to be incomplete or even obsolete by sparknotes, the time they are issued. Apple Finance! Manipulated compliance with rules makes auditing more difficult. Rules-based standards can be confusing. Part c. Explain what a conceptual framework is and misery sparknotes what are the benefits of having a Conceptual Framework for the accounting profession? (4 marks) Definition of a Conceptual Framework ? A coherent system of interrelated objectives and fundamentals that is expected to lead to the wild consistent standards; ? Also, it is an attempt to sparknotes provide a structured theory of accounting that prescribes practice. ? establishes concepts/ideas that underlie the preparation and presentation of Taiwan, financial reports; ? assists standard setters, preparers, auditors, users and those interested in sparknotes, the work of standard setters How the framework is pursuit of happyness movie review, used for the accounting profession? Explains the misery, concepts/ideas that underlie the preparation and presentation of Starbuck’s Initiatives to Return to Profitable, financial reports for external users What is the sparknotes, purpose of financial reporting? For whom should financial reports be prepared? What qualitative characteristics should financial information possess? What are the elements of financial reporting? What measurement rules should be employed? It provides guidance to the accountants when there is into the wild book, no specific guidance given in misery, the accounting standards.

It also assists the accountants when they cannot understand the application of into, certain IFRS due to the complexity involved. 7 Part d. Sparknotes! Barton Ltd uses tractors as a part of apple finance, its operating equipment, and misery it applies the siddhartha hero, straight-line depreciation method to sparknotes depreciate these assets. Barton Ltd has just taken over apple uk, Deakin Ltd, which uses similar tractors in misery, its operations. However, Deakin Ltd has been using diminishing balance method of pursuit movie review, depreciation for misery these tractors. The accountant in Barton Ltd is arguing that for both entities the same depreciation method should be used for tractors. Essay! Provide arguments for and against sparknotes this proposal. 2 marks) Para 50 of AASB 116 notes that depreciation is the Essay, systematic allocation of the depreciable amount of an asset over misery sparknotes, its useful life.. Arguments against the Proposal ? Depreciation is Starbuck’s Strategy Initiatives to Return Growth, measuring the change in value due to sparknotes the use of an why is ghana asset over sparknotes, the period. Finance Uk! It is possible that Deakin Ltd has been using the diminishing value as it was going to misery use the pursuit of happyness, tractor more in the early years of the economic life and sparknotes hence the choice of the depreciation method is justified.

Arguments in Favour ? It is important that there is consistency in the type of the asset and ghana depreciation method applied. Misery! Part e. Ghana! a. Explain the difference between the sparknotes, cost model and revaluation model under measurement subsequent to why is an ledc initial measurement. (3 marks) Cost Model AASB 116 requires that measurement subsequent to sparknotes initial measurement of assets could be carried at cost less any accumulated: depreciation; impairment losses. Revaluation model As an alternative to into the cost model AASB 116 allows the revaluation model to misery be used for classes of assets. Revaluation is an adjustment of PPEs carrying amount so that it reflects its current fair value. Measurement basis is fair value (FV). Frequency of revaluations is into, not specified, but must be performed with sufficient regularity such that the carrying amount of misery sparknotes, assets is not materially different from their FV. Revaluation performed on Essay about, a class basis. Misery! Accounting performed on Luring Interntional, an asset-by-asset basis.

8 Question 3 Practical (10 Marks) Bravo Ltd began operations on 1 July 2011 and has provided the sparknotes, following information: 1. 2. 3. Pre-tax accounting profit for siddhartha hero the financial year ended 30 June 2012 is $150 000. Sparknotes! The enacted tax rate is 30%. Into The Wild Book! Differences between the misery, 30 June 2012 income statement and tax return are listed below: (a) b) (c) (d) (e) 4. Annual leave expense accrued for financial reporting purposes amounts to $15 000. The employees were not allowed to Taiwan Essay take annual leave in sparknotes, the first year of operation. Depreciation of property, plant and Essay about Pro-Legalization of Drugs equipment for accounting purposes amounts to misery sparknotes $120 000. Depreciation of apple, these assets amounts to $80 000 for the tax return. Misery! Entertainment expenses of $6 500 were included in apple uk, computing pre-tax accounting profit. Misery! Tax free government grants of $5 000 were recognised as income. As a small business, Bravo Ltd chose for taxation purposes cash accounting for an ledc their sales revenue.

Accounts receivable regarding sales show a balance of $20 000 at sparknotes year-end. Overview Essay! There was no need to recognise any allowance for doubtful debts. Taxable profit is expected for the next few years. Misery Sparknotes! Required (a) (b) (c) Calculate taxable profit for pursuit of happyness movie review the financial year ended 30 June 2012. Sparknotes! (4 marks) Prepare the siddhartha hero, journal entry to record income tax expense, deferred tax and income tax payable for misery sparknotes the financial year ended 30 June 2012. (4 marks) Draft the income statement beginning with Profit before income tax. (2 marks) (a) Pre-tax accounting profit $150 000 Permanent differences: Entertainment expense. Tax-exempt revenue Adjusted accounting profit 6 500 (5 000) 151 500 Originating temporary differences: Annual Leave Provision Accounting expense Tax deductible Excess depreciation expense Accounting expense Tax deductible Excess Revenue Taxable profit (b) $ 15 000 (0 ) 15 000 DTA 4 500 120 000 (80 000) 40 000 DTA 12 000 (20 000) DTL 6,000 $186 500 Income tax payable 55 950 Income Tax Expense 45 450 Deferred Tax Asset 16 500 Income Tax Payable 55 950 9 Deferred tax liability 6 000 DTA = 4 500 + 12 000 (c) Profit before income tax Income tax expense Profit for the period $150 000 45 450 $104 550 10. To The Essay! Havent found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper?

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Misery sparknotes

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resume xlm Several introductory and tutorial articles on the Extensible Markup Language (XML) are referenced in misery, the shorter XML Introduction document. Most articles are accessible online. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the universal format for structured documents and data on the Web. Into Summary! -- W3C XML Web site, 2000-07-06. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is descriptively identified in the XML 1.0 W3C Recommendation as an extremely simple dialect [or 'subset'] of SGML the goal of which is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on misery the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML, for siddhartha hero which reason XML has been designed for ease of implementation, and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Note that the HTML referenced in the preceding sentence ( bis ) means HTML 4.0 and 3.2 which were in common use as of 10-February-1998, when the XML 1.0 specification was published as a W3C Recommendation.

The next version of 'HTML' is expected to be reformulated as an XML application, so that it will be based upon XML rather than upon SGML. As of December 1998, 'Voyager' was the W3C code name for HTML reformulated as an application of misery, XML. XML was initially developed by movie review, a W3C Generic SGML Editorial Review Board formed under the auspices of the W3 Consortium in 1996 and chaired by misery, Jon Bosak of Sun Microsystems, with the very active participation of Strategy Initiatives, a Generic SGML Working Group also organized by the W3C. An XML WG (Working Group) under W3C served initially as an editorial board, which received input from an XML Special Interest Group. As of misery sparknotes, late 1998, the XML design effort was re-chartered under the direction of an XML Coordination Group and XML Plenary Interest Group to be carried out in to Profitable Growth, five new XML working groups: XML Schema Working Group, XML Fragment Working Group, XML Linking Working Group (XLink and XPointer), XML Information Set Working Group, and XML Syntax Working Group.

These working groups were designed to have close liaison relationships with the W3C's Extensible Style[sheet] Language (XSL) Working Group and Document Object Model (DOM) Working Group. Extensible Markup Language, abbreviated XML, describes a class of data objects called XML documents and misery sparknotes partially describes the behavior of computer programs which process them. XML is an Essay about Pro-Legalization application profile or restricted form of SGML, the Standard Generalized Markup Language. By construction, XML documents are conforming SGML documents. XML is primarily intended to meet the requirements of large-scale Web content providers for industry-specific markup, vendor-neutral data exchange, media-independent publishing, one-on-one marketing, workflow management in collaborative authoring environments, and the processing of Web documents by intelligent clients.

It is also expected to find use in certain metadata applications. Sparknotes! XML is fully internationalized for both European and review Asian languages, with all conforming processors required to support the misery, Unicode character set in both its UTF-8 and UTF-16 encodings. The language is designed for the quickest possible client-side processing consistent with its primary purpose as an Essay electronic publishing and misery sparknotes data interchange format. [971208 W3C press release] XML documents are made up of storage units called entities , which contain either parsed or unparsed data. Parsed data is made up of characters , some of which form the Luring Interntional to the United Essay, character data in the document, and misery some of Starbuck’s Initiatives to Return Growth, which form markup . Markup encodes a description of the document's storage layout and logical structure. XML provides a mechanism to impose constraints on the storage layout and logical structure. A software module called an XML processor is misery sparknotes used to read XML documents and provide access to their content and Taiwan Overview structure. It is assumed that an misery XML processor is doing its work on behalf of into, another module, called the application . This specification describes the sparknotes, required behavior of an XML processor in of happyness review, terms of how it must read XML data and misery the information it must provide to the application. [adapted from the pursuit, Proposal]

Valid XML documents are designed to be valid SGML documents, but XML documents have additional restrictions. Misery! The W3C XML WG has published a technical NOTE providing a detailed comparison of the additional restrictions that XML places on documents beyond those of SGML: see for the details. The NOTE also includes an SGML declaration which describes the into summary, constraints of misery sparknotes, XML applicable to an SGML parser. [local archive copy] [This paragraph is superseded by the technical NOTE 'NOTE-sgml-xml' referenced immediately above.] Features in SGML but not in XML include [as of November 5, 1996]: Tag omission; The CONCUR, LINK, DATATAG, and summary SHORTREF features; The connector in content models; Inclusions and exclusions in content models; CURRENT, CONREF, NAME, NAMES, NUMBER, NUMBERS, NUTOKEN, and NUTOKENS declarations for attributes; The NET construct; Abstract syntax; Capacities and quantities; Comments appearing within other markup declarations; Public Identifiers; Omission of misery sparknotes, quotes on attribute values. For a more recent/complete comparison of pursuit of happyness review, features, see the relevant section in the language specification, or What else has changed between SGML and XML? in the FAQ, maintained by Peter Flynn. As of December 1997, the current and former members of the XML WG are: Jon Bosak, Sun (Chair); James Clark (Technical Lead); Tim Bray, Textuality and Netscape (XML Co-editor); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (XML Co-editor); C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, U. of misery sparknotes, Ill. (XML Co-editor); Dan Connolly, W3C; Steve DeRose, INSO; Dave Hollander, HP; Eliot Kimber, Highland; Eve Maler, ArborText; Tom Magliery, NCSA; Murray Maloney, Muzmo and Grif; Makoto Murata, Fuji Xerox Information Systems; Joel Nava, Adobe; Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad; John Tigue, DataChannel. Historically: The W3C SGML Editorial Review Board, as of November 5, 1996, had the following members: Jon Bosak, Sun (, chair; Tim Bray, Textuality (, editor; James Clark (, technical lead; Dan Connolly (, W3C contact; Steve DeRose, EBT (, editor; Dave Hollander, HP (; Eliot Kimber, Passage Systems (; Tom Magliery, NCSA (; Eve Maler, ArborText (; Jean Paoli, Microsoft (; Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad (; C. And Internal Initiatives To Profitable! Michael Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. at Chicago (, editor. XML/XLink/XSL Specifications: Reference Documents. Extensible Markup Language (XML) [Formerly: 'xml-lang']

Extensible Markup Language as a W3C Recommendation. [February 10, 1998] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 . W3C Recommendation 10-February-1998. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of sparknotes, Illinois at pursuit of happyness movie Chicago). Reference: REC-xml-19980210. [October 06, 2000] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000. Edited by Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), C. Sparknotes! M. Siddhartha Hero! Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago and sparknotes Text Encoding Initiative), and Eve Maler (Sun Microsystems, Inc. - Second Edition).

Reference: . [December 13, 2001] XML 1.1 . W3C Working Draft 13-December-2001. Edited by John Cowan (Reuters). Version URL reference: Latest Version URL: Abstract: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is Starbuck’s and Internal a subset of SGML that is completely described in this document. Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML.

XML has been designed for sparknotes ease of implementation and for pursuit interoperability with both SGML and misery HTML. Sources: [see W3C for additional translations] Other Links: [October 09, 2000] XML 1.0 Second Edition as W3C Recommendation. The W3C's XML Core Working Group has published a new W3C Recommendation for Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . Reference: W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000, edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, and the wild Eve Maler. Misery Sparknotes! This REC specification follows the earlier publication of Strategy, a public Review Version.

This second edition is not a new version of XML (first published 10-February-1998); it merely incorporates the changes dictated by the first-edition errata as a convenience to readers. The errata list for this second edition is available at Misery! The document abstract, unchanged from the 1998 first edition, appears to the wild book, validate the hermeneutical theory that a text's intent escapes from the author and passes immediately into the control of the community upon utterance: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of SGML that is completely described in this document. Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in misery, the way that is siddhartha hero now possible with HTML. XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. The specification is provided in the following formats: XHTML, XML, PDF, and XHTML review version with color-coded revision indicators. See also the sparknotes, (non-normative) Production Notes in Annex I: This Second Edition was encoded in the XMLspec DTD (which has documentation available). The HTML versions were produced with a combination of the xmlspec.xsl, diffspec.xsl, and REC-xml-2e.xsl XSLT stylesheets. The PDF version was produced with the html2ps facility and a distiller program. [August 15, 2000] Paul Grosso (Co-Chair XML Core WG) announced that the W3C XML Core Working Group has released a draft of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 Second Edition for movie review public review: Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) Review Version ; Reference: W3C Working Draft 14-August-2000. The second edition is sparknotes not a new version of XML; it is designed to bring the XML 1.0 Recommendation up to date with the XML 1.0 Specification Errata (first edition). Reviewers are asked to into the wild book summary, report errors to misery sparknotes, the '' mailing list, which is publicly archived.

Paul writes: At this time, we are making two versions of the pursuit of happyness review, draft Second Edition available for a four week public review, and all interested parties are invited to review the current drafts and misery submit comments. This review period ends September 11, 2000, and soon thereafter, the Starbuck’s Strategy Growth, XML Core WG plans to make these documents (possibly as amended per comments) the sparknotes, official XML 1.0 Recommendation Second Edition. All these public review documents are linked from the W3C TR page. The 'plain' draft Second Edition is at, and this is the version that would become the official Second Edition. We have also produced a 'review copy' which highlights changes between the first edition and Taiwan Essay this Second Edition, and it is at This may be provided along with the official Second Edition if it is sparknotes deemed useful and appropriate, but the 'plain' version is the official one. Both versions contain embedded [Exx] references/links to the Errata document for each individual erratum that has been applied. (If we decide to maintain the 'review' version, we may decide to delete the [Exx] references from the 'plain' one.) Please note that this review period is to pursuit review, allow everyone a chance to check that the errata that have been applied to the Second Edition are correct and misery correctly applied. Reports of further errata or ambiguities in Taiwan Essay, XML 1.0 are welcome, but they will likely be saved to be considered for possible application to a later edition, not added to this Second Edition. [cache] Annotated Version of the misery, XML specification, from Tim Bray. See further description below. Bob DuCharme. XML: The Annotated Specification.

The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Essay about Pro-Legalization Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. [January 15, 1999] Michel Goossens (Président GUTenberg) posted an open invitation for assistance in the creation of a French translation of the XML 1.0 Specification and sparknotes Peter Flynn's XML FAQ document. Alternately, if any readers are aware of the availability of such a translation already, or of Starbuck’s and Internal Initiatives to Return to Profitable, a similar initiative, please communicate with Goossens about misery, it so as to avoid duplication of efforts. Press release: The World Wide Web Consortium Issues XML 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. Key Industry Players, Experts Collaborate to Develop Interoperable Data Format for the Web. [local archive copy] Announcement on TEI-L, XML 1.0 Is Official. From TEI Editor, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen.

Quotes Allen Renear (ACH President), Susan Hockey, and others in the academic community. Essay About Of Drugs! XML 1.0 Fact Sheet; ;[local archive copy] XML 1.0 Testimonials, - from ACCESS, Adobe, Agranat Systems, Alis Technologies, ArborText, Bitstream, CNET, DataChannel, IBM, Inso, Junglee, Lotus, Microsoft, Open Market, Open SoftwareAssociates, POET Software, SoftQuad, Texcel, Textuality, Unwired Planet, Vignette, and webMethods. [local archive copy] W3C Endorses First XML Standard for Global Use. By Dana Gardner. In InfoWorld Electric . Posted at 11:40 AM PT, February 10, 1998. Details on the German translation: Deutsche Übersetzungen der XML-Spezifikationen, von Henning Behme (iX) und Stefan Mintert (Universität Dortmund). Also available in .ZIP format. Extensible Markup Language as a Proposed Recommendation.

[December 08 [12], 1997] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0, issued as a W3C Proposed Recommendation. December 8, 1997. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago). Reference: PR-xml-971208. Version URL: Announced at the SGML/XML '97 Conference in Washington, D.C. See the press release, or a press release, alternate source. XML WG Chair Jon Bosak clarified the WG's new work focus in light of the publication of this PR.

HTML Format Postscript format Postscript, .ZIP compressed RTF format XML format local archive copy (HTML) Japanese translation of the XML PR, in HTML format and in XML format Associated and referenced NOTE: Comparison of SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. Extensible Markup Language - Other Earlier Working Draft Versions. [November 25, 1997] New draft specification for the Extensible Markup Language (XML), published by the W3C. References: W3C Working Draft 17-November-1997, WD-xml-971117, Version 1.0. The version URL:; [local archive copy]. Extensible Markup Language (XML). Version 1.0. Edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen.

W3C Working Draft 07-Aug-97. WD-xml-970807. From W3C, HTML format, local archive copy in HTML format In XML format In Postscript format, local archive copy in Postscript format Part 1: Japanese translation Previous version: Draft 30-June-97. Misery! HTML version, Postscript; local archive copy in HTML, or Postscript. Previous version: Draft 31-March-97. from W3C, from Textuality, local copy Previous version: Draft 14-November-96. HTML version, from W3C. Extensible Linking Language (XLL/XLink) [Formerly: 'xml-link'] Note: A separate document xll.html with more complete information on the Extensible Linking Language (XLL) is under construction.

Extensible Style Language (XSL) [Formerly: 'xml-style'] Note: A separate document xsl.html with more complete information on siddhartha hero the Extensible Style Language (XSL) is under construction. Extensible Style Language Proposal [September 11, 1997]. Submission to the W3C by Microsoft, Inso, and Arbortext for Extensible Style Language (XSL) based on DSSSL. August 27, 1997.

Title: A Proposal for XSL . Reference: NOTE-XSL.html. Submitted by: Sharon Adler, Inso Corporation; Anders Berglund, Inso Corporation; James Clark; Istvan Cseri, Microsoft Corporation; Paul Grosso, ArborText; Jonathan Marsh, Microsoft Corporation; Gavin Nicol, Inso Corporation; Jean Paoli, Microsoft Corporation; David Schach, Microsoft Corporation; Henry S. Thompson, University of Edinburgh; Chris Wilson, Microsoft Corporation. HTML version from W3C. Misery! XSL proposal local archive copy XSL submission: the overview, and Press release from Microsoft, or press release from ArborText; local archive copy XSL submission: from Microsoft [January 23, 1998] Formation of a W3C Working Group for XSL. See XSL Information from W3C (Chris Lilley) Software implementations supporting the Proposal for Interntional Kingdom Essay XSL submitted to W3C: XSLJ - Jade-compatible XSL-to-DSSSL translator from Henry Thompson msxsl - Microsoft XSL Processor, Technology Preview XML Styler - ArborText tool for creating and modifying XSL stylesheets docproc - an XML + XSL document processor from Sean Russell ECMAScript is referenced in the XSL proposal. ECMAScript: ECMA-262 JavaScript Language Specification. A general purpose scripting language (GPSL), 1997.

Available as PDF, or MS Word, in Win 32 self-extracting binary. Alternately, from ECMA Early proposal (mid-1997): Announcement from Jon Bosak for a draft document that puts the existing DSSSL Online (dsssl-o) specification in a form that can easily be made into a Working Draft for XML Part 3. Draft for discussion [Postscript]. Part 3 draft: local mirror copy [Postscript] XML FAQ Documents: Answers to Frequently-Asked-Questions See now the separate document for misery references to SGML/XML FAQs. This document cites the earlier versions of the XML FAQ (1.5, 1.4, 1.3, 1.2, 1.1) and early translations into Japanese, Spanish, and Korean.

XML Information Online: Other WWW Sites. SGML, XML, and Structured Document Interchange - W3C activity statement Extensible Markup Language (XML) - W3C Overview Overview of SGML and XML Resources - W3C XML at Sun Microsystems - 'Standards and Kingdom Essay technologies driving the DOT-COM world' XML Resources - James Clark - Seybold, O'Reilly, Songline. Includes an index of misery sparknotes, XML articles from Seybold Publications. XML Resources from Textuality (maintained by XML Co-editor, Tim Bray) UNC Sunsite WWW [and FTP] Server, maintained by W3C XML Chair, Jon Bosak XML Community - An Inso XML Forum XML: Some hyperlinks minus the hype. By Philip Wadler (Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies). XML (Extensible Markup Language) is a magnet for hype: the successor to HTML for web publishing, electronic data interchange, and Starbuck’s to Return Growth e-commerce. In fact, XML is just a notation for trees, little more than a verbose variant of Lisp S-expressions; and a way to define tree grammars, a poor-man's BNF.

Yet this simple basis has spawned scores of specialized sub-languages: for airlines, banks, and cell phones; for misery astronomy, biology, and chemistry; for the DOD and the IRS. This note is a brief guide to web resources that explain XML. XML Reference Guide - From Web Review InformationWeek XML Toolbox IBM XML Web Site XML Competence Center at Starbuck’s Strategy to Return to Profitable Growth GMD-IPSI - 'conducting active research on XML-based information systems' XML - Links from James K. Tauber's XML page XML Files - GCA's XML Magazine. Edited by Dianne Kennedy, published by misery, Norm Scharpf. Partially/provisionally online: Issues 1 (September 20, 1997) - 4(March 17, 1998). Website XML Software Guide - WDVL xmlTree - Resource listing for siddhartha hero a list of sparknotes, sites and resources which offer data according to Taiwan Essay, XML formatting rules. By James Carlyle. XML - Links from misery sparknotes The Virtual School of Molecular Sciences (VSMS) XML Resources - Links from ArborText - XML Resources collected by Essay of Drugs, Lisa Rein XML School - Jan Egil Refsnes XML/XSL Resources - from Bryan Van Hook Cafe con Leche XML News and misery sparknotes Resources - from Elliotte Rusty Harold Content-X. Focused on the application of server-side XML. XML Adam Rifkin's Collection of Links XML Links - From DataChannel.

Including DataChannel's XML Technology Demo Microsoft's XML Support: Overview, XML White Paper, XML Parser in Java, CDF, XML-Data. Also: XML Object Model XML Francophone SGML Cafe (Japanese) XML Resources - Italian Language Site. Paolo De Lazzaro. Korean XML site from Techno 2000 Project Inc. Chinese XML Now! = Chinese XML Web Site. 'A project to help developers of Chinese XML Software.' Chinese XML Site - Open China/Open XML. Korean XML Web site Contact: Kwangmin Lee. World Wide Weave - Weave allows people to publicize new XML-based web sites and documents Weave contains only sites that provide content in about of Drugs, XML-based markup. XML Information in the Document Interchange Standards Page, OII Standards and Specifications List Section on XML Software Tools in the SGML/XML Web Page Internet Toolkit - XML.

PC Magazine/ZDNet. XML: Proposed Applications and Industry Initiatives. The XML applications and sparknotes announced industry initiatives listed below have not been evaluated according to any serious criteria for quality and genuineness. Since the various specifications documents for about XML/XLink/XSL are still in some flux, it would often be unfair or difficult to sparknotes, make such a judgment. Obviously, many of these application areas provide exemplary models, having unquestioned integrity and Luring Interntional to the United Kingdom high quality.

Some already play a vital role in misery, profitable commercial enterprise. It is also to be expected that some early XML/XLink/XSL applications may be merely demonstrations, toys, proof-of-concept applications; still others might be naive or ill conceived. Essay Pro-Legalization Of Drugs! It may be necessary to regard some of these ideas 'in draft' like some of the specifications documents themselves. The good news is this: Net users are seeing clearly that a fixed tag set (like HTML) is not the solution. . . Contents Listing for XML Applications and Industry Initiatives. W3C Specifications Documentation aka 'XML Spec DTD' See now the separate document IEEE Standard DTD. [June 30, 1999] A 'TEI Lite DTD in sparknotes, XML' was made available from the TEI Web site. See the references for Interntional Essay TEI - the XML version in a separate document, and misery sparknotes the section 'Academic Applications' for background on Taiwan Essay the SGML version of the TEI DTD. Channel Definition Format, CDF (Based on XML) Channel Definition Format (CDF) is an application of the misery, Extensible Markup Language designed for push technology. The proposal has been submitted to the World Wide Web Consortium.

My Netscape Network (MNN) is a free Netcenter service that lets you create your own My Netscape channel. Create an RDF Site Summary (RSS) 0.9 file that describes your content. Pursuit Of Happyness Movie Review! See description and references in a separate document. Note 'OCS' below. W3C Document Object Model (DOM), Level 1 Specification.

In early January 1999, a W3C Working Draft for misery the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Specification Version 1.0 (WD-DOM-Level-2-19981228) was released. It defines the Document Object Model Level 2, a platform- and language-neutral interface that allows programs and Strategy Initiatives to Return Growth scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and style of documents. The Document Object Model Level 2 builds on sparknotes the Document Object Model Level 1. Level 2 adds interfaces for a Cascading Style Sheets object model, an event model, and a query interface, amongst others. On October 1, 1998, the World Wide Web Consortium published the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification, Version 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. The Document Object Model is Overview a platform- and language-neutral interface that will allow programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and style of documents. The document can be further processed and the results of that processing can be incorporated back into misery sparknotes, the presented page. The main database entry for the W3C DOM has been moved to Overview, a separate document. Web Collections are an application of XML - a meta-data syntax that fits easily within the framework of the World Wide Web. Web Collections are an application of XML, the Extensible Markup Language. In addition, Web Collections can be expressed inside HTML documents or on their own. In addition they are stylistically similar to HTML to enable easy authoring. Sparknotes! . . Some of the anticipated applications of Web Collections include Web Maps, HTML Email Threading, PIM functions, scheduling, content labeling, and distributed authoring. [work in progress]

Web Collections using XML - March 09, 1997. By Alex Hopmann, with Scott Berkun, George Hatoun, Yaron Goland, Thomas Reardon, Lauren Antonoff, Eric Berman, and others. [mirror copy] Netscape Communications announced a new proposed XML application. According to the notice on pursuit movie review the Netscape Developer's page: The Meta Content Framework, or MCF, provides a standard way to describe files or collections of information. A new Netsape document describes how to apply MCF using XML, the Extensible Markup Language. On January 5, 1998, a new (revised) submission on misery sparknotes XML-Data was presented to of happyness review, the W3C by misery sparknotes, Microsoft, ArborText, DataChannel, and Inso. Reference: W3C Note 05 Jan 1998. Authors: Andrew Layman, Edward Jung, Eve Maler, Henry S. Thompson, Jean Paoli, John Tigue, Norbert H. Mikula, and Steve DeRose.

According to the introduction, XML-Data describes an Pro-Legalization of Drugs XML vocabulary for schemas, that is, for defining and sparknotes documenting object classes. It can be used for classes which as strictly syntactic (for example, XML) or those which indicate concepts and relations among concepts (as used in relational databases, KR graphs and RDF). The former are called 'syntactic schemas;' the latter 'conceptual schemas.' The text of siddhartha hero, this NOTE thus provides a specification (XML-Data) for misery sparknotes describing and exchanging structured and networked data on Luring Students United Kingdom Essay the Web. Such exchange is facilitated by misery, schemas defining the Luring Students to the Essay, characteristics of misery, classes of objects. The objects can be syntactic constructs such as are used in XML instances, or may be more abstract such as are found in databases, information models or directed, labeled graphs. Essay Of Drugs! This paper describes an XML vocabulary for schemas. One immediate implication of these ideas is a substantive part of the functionalities of misery sparknotes, XML document types can now be described using the XML instance syntax itself, rather than DTD syntax. We expect XML-Data to be useful for a wide range of applications, such as describing database transfers or remotely-located Web resources. [Previous draft:] On June 22 1997, Jean Paoli announced a draft specification of an Essay about XML application called XML-Data. The specification is documented in a Position Paper from Microsoft, written by Andrew Layman (Microsoft Corporation), Jean Paoli (Microsoft Corporation), Steve De Rose (Inso Corporation), and Henry S. Thompson (University of Edinburgh), with contributions from Paul Grosso, Sharon Adler, Anders Berglund, François Chahuneau, and Edward Jung. XML-Data is an application of XML for exchanging structured data and metadata on the Internet.

The paper outlines a number of XML-Data design features which are not in misery, the MCF specification. Taiwan! The position paper has been sent to multiple working groups in misery sparknotes, the W3C currently dealing with XML and meta-data. XML namespaces provide a simple method for qualifying names used in Starbuck’s Initiatives to Profitable Growth, Extensible Markup Language documents by associating them with namespaces identified by misery, URI. A W3C Working Draft Namespaces in XML was published on United Kingdom Essay September 16, 1998 (WD-xml-names-19980916). Description of the XML namespace work and sparknotes references are provided in a separate document. Resource Description Framework (RDF) The RDF section currently provides information and references for both the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax Specification and of happyness movie review the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Schema Specification . The Australia New Zealand Land Information Council (ANZLIC) - Metadata. The Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN) and misery ANZLIC Working Group on Metadata created a version 1 draft DTD using SGML.

The ANZMETA DTD Version 1.1 (19th January 1998) now has been written to conform to the requirements of XML 1.0. Pursuit Of Happyness Review! The Coastal Atlas Spatial Data Guidelines (ACA-STD-0001) now under development also by ERIN will use the same XML-based metadata language (e.g., metadata records for the 'Blue Pages' of the Marine and Coastal Data Directory of Australia, [MCDD], which is part of the Australian Coastal Atlas). XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) - Object Management Group (OMG) The design of the XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) represents an extremely important initiative. It has a goal of unifying XML and related W3C specifications with several object/component modeling standards, as well as with STEP schemas, and more. Particularly, it would combine the benefits of the web-based XML standard for defining, validating, and sharing document formats on the web with the benefits of the object-oriented Unified Modeling Language (UML), a specification of the Object Management Group (OMG) that provides application developers a common language for specifying, visualizing, constructing, and documenting distributed objects and business models. Information on XMI is maintained in a separate document.

Educom Instructional Management Systems Project (IMS) Metadata Specification. The IMS project has released XML-based technical specifications for how learning materials will flow over the Internet, and for how organizations and individual learners will manage the learning process, [which] have broad support among industry and among leaders in higher education, training, government, and K-12 schools. See IMS Metadata Specification. Fighting for Standards in our Browsers is the motto of the Web Standards Project (WSP). The Web Standards Project is misery sparknotes a collective effort of web developers and end users whose mission is to stop the fragmentation of the web, by persuading the browser makers that common standards are in pursuit, everyone's best interest. Its goal is to support these core standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and to encourage browser makers to do the misery sparknotes, same, thereby ensuring simple, affordable access to Web technologies for and Internal all. At the sparknotes, time of WSP's launch (August 10, 1998), standards for the Web included 'Structural Languages' (HTML 4.0, XML 1.0), 'Presentation Languages' (CSS, XSL), 'Object Models' (Document Object Model 1 Core HTML/XML), and 'Scripting' (ECMAScript). HTML Threading - Use of HTML in into the wild book, Email. On January 27, 1998, the submission of a proposal for HTML Threading: Conventions for Use of HTML in Email was made to the W3C by Microsoft Corporation, Lotus Development Corporation, and misery Qualcomm Corporation.

Reference: W3C NOTE 05-Jan-1998. The document editor is Eric Berman (Microsoft), and authors include Pete Resnick (Qualcomm) and Nick Shelness (Lotus). According to siddhartha hero, the press release, the misery, HTML Threading Proposal outlines how Extensible Markup Language (XML) can be used to Luring Interntional Students to the United Kingdom Essay, enable data-rich features in HTML email applications. The document abstract clarifies: As [email] messages go back and forth between participants in a discussion, it is interesting to misery sparknotes, be able to track properties of the text in the message and Luring Interntional to the properties of the message itself, such as who wrote what or what message a quoted excerpt is originally from. This proposal defines a mechanism for embedding this information within an email message in a manner that degrades gracefully to downlevel mail clients. Appendix B of the NOTE provides some sample mail messages using the HTML Threading. Open Software Description Format (OSD) A joint submission was made to sparknotes, W3C on August 13, 1997 by Marimba Incorporated and about Pro-Legalization of Drugs Microsoft Corporation for sparknotes a proposed Open Software Description Format (OSD). A document 'NOTE-OSD' written by Arthur van Hoff (Marimba, Incorporated), Hadi Partovi and Tom Thai (Microsoft Corporation) bears this abstract: This document provides an initial proposal for the Open Software Description (OSD) format. OSD, an siddhartha hero application of the misery, eXtensible Markup Language (XML), is a vocabulary used for describing software packages and Pro-Legalization of Drugs their dependencies for heterogeneous clients. Misery Sparknotes! We expect OSD to be useful in automated software distribution environments.

The proposed specification has apparently been endorsed by into book, other companies, including CyberMedia, InstallShield Software, LANovation, Lotus Development, and Netscape Communications. Misery! [from Net.Com article] And: The goal of the OSD format is to pursuit of happyness, provide an sparknotes XML-based vocabulary for describing software packages and their inter-dependencies, whether it is user initiated (pulled), or automatic (pushed). Pro-Legalization! XML (eXtensible Markup Language) provides a general method of representing structured data in the form of lexical trees. Using this data model, markup tags in the OSD vocabulary are represented as elements of a tree. The three basic relationships between elements are parent-of, child-of, and sibling-of. Distant relationships can be formed from recursive applications of the three basic ones. XLF (Extensible Log Format) Initiative. This XLF project is misery sparknotes [2001-06] apparently no longer active, but see references in the separate document. About! See also Log Markup Language (LOGML). WAP Wireless Markup Language Specification (WML)

The Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) Wireless Markup Language (WML) is sparknotes a markup language based on Luring Students United Kingdom XML, and is intended for use in specifying content and user interface for narrowband devices, including cellular phones and pagers. . . 'A tag-based display language providing navigational support, data input, hyperlinks, text and sparknotes image presentation, and forms. A browsing language similar to Internet HTML.' HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol (DRP) On August 25, 1997 a submission entitled The HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol was tendered to the W3C by representatives of pursuit movie, Marimba Inc., Netscape Communications Inc., Sun Microsystems Inc., Novell Inc., and At Home Corporation. The goal of the misery sparknotes, DRP protocol is to into summary, significantly improve the sparknotes, efficiency and reliability of Strategy and Internal to Return Growth, data distribution over HTTP. . . Misery Sparknotes! The DRP protocol uses a data structure called an index, which is currently specified using the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). Because the index describes meta data, we anticipate using the Resource Description Format RDF), which was formerly called the Starbuck’s Strategy and Internal Initiatives, Meta Content Framework (MCF), in a future versions of the sparknotes, DRP protocol specification. XML is siddhartha hero used in the interim because the RDF standard was not finalized at the time of writing. . Sparknotes! . The DRP defines the Essay about, following new features: (1) Content identifiers, using the existing URI specification, which can uniquely identify a piece of sparknotes, content; (2) An index format which can be used to describe a set of of happyness movie review, files; (3) A new HTTP header field, Content-ID, which is used to misery, obtain the correct version of a file by specifying a content identifier; (4) A new HTTP header field, Differential-ID, which is used to obtain a differential update for pursuit of happyness movie a file. The Chemical Markup Language was documented (July 1998) as an application of XML and was demonstrated at WWW6 with the Jumbo Java-based browser for XML documents. One of the misery, first interesting XML appliations.

See the separate document for references: Chemical Markup Language (CML). Bioinformatic Sequence Markup Language (BSML) Description and references for the Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG) project are contained in a separate document Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG). Weather Observation Markup Format (OMF) The Weather Observation Markup Format [or: Weather Observation Definition Format] is an application of XML used to encode weather observation reports. The goal of the OMF system is to Luring Students to the United, annotate and misery sparknotes augment standard weather reports with derived, computed quantities, and to re-cast the essential information in a markup format that is easier to and Internal Initiatives to Profitable, interpret, yet completely accurate. The data formats typically used in weather reports (FM 15-X Ext. METAR, FM 16-X Ext. SPECI, FM 51-X Ext. TAF, etc. [constituting] KAWN, WMO feeds . . .) are both incomplete and suboptimal for some processing objectives.

According to a summary from one of OMF's designers, the misery, OMF application thus uses XML for annotating weather observation reports, forecasts and advisories as issued by Weather Meteorological Organization (WMO), the National Weather Center and Air Force Global Weather Center. Initiatives Growth! Currently, METAR/SPECI observational reports, Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAFs) and SIGMET significant weather aircraft advisories are being analyzed and marked up. Misery! The incoming source of data are raw bulletins distributed by KAWN/ADWS or National Weather Service'sGateways. The bulletins are parsed, reports are decoded and stored into a database, which can then be queried. The results of the queries are XML-formatted into OMF documents.

It is always possible to reconstruct original reports by stripping away the XML markup. Essay Of Drugs! The designers are also working on adding other types of reports - Upper Air reports, regional SIGMETs, AIRMETS, Bathythermographs, PIREPS, etc. The markup system is in actual use to sparknotes, distribute the most current annotated weather observations, forecasts and advisories; the Navy's Joint Metoc Viewer is one application that can ingest OMF documents and Essay Pro-Legalization of Drugs display the misery, corresponding data. References for Open Financial Exchange (OFX) are provided in a separate document. Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) Information on the Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) is into the wild provided in a separate document. The Internet Open Trading Protocol (OTP) provides an interoperable framework for sparknotes Internet commerce. Summary! It is payment system independent and sparknotes encapsulates payment systems such as SET, Mondex, CyberCash, DigiCash, GeldKarte, etc.

OTP is Initiatives to Return able to handle cases where such merchant roles as the shopping site, the payment handler, the Delivery Handler of misery sparknotes, goods or services, and the provider of customer support are performed by different parties or by one party. OTP Messages are XML documents which are physically sent between the Taiwan Overview, different organisations that are taking part in a trade. Information on the [Internet] Open Trading Protocol (OTP) is contained in a separate document. XML Digital Signature (Signed XML - IETF/W3C) The XML-Signature WG is a joint Working Group of the IETF and W3C. References are provided in sparknotes, a separate document. Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative. Information on the Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative and the Digital Receipt Consortium is referenced in a separate document.

A Network Working Group INTERNET-DRAFT by Hiroshi Maruyama, Kent Tamura, and Naohiko Uramoto (IBM) addresses how digest (hash) values should be defined for general DOM structures. The document is intended to become a Proposed Standard RFC. Compare 'XHASH'. Digest Values for DOM (DOMHASH) draft-hiroshi-dom-hash-00.txt, January 1999 Local archive copy Similarly: 'XHASH' - XML canonical digest algorithm proposed by Students, GlobeSet and documented in the XHASH proposal. Misery! This algorithm has been inspired by the DOM-HASH proposal, but operates closer to the surface string of the document. Elements and attributes are subject to formalization in a way quite similar to the one proposed by DOM-HASH - XML delimiters are represented by binary values and Interntional Students United Essay entities are replaced by their actual values. However, formalization happens as elements are acquired. Furthermore, this algorithm has been tailored for explicit support of the XML Namespaces and sparknotes it takes into account some specifics of this specification ( e.g. , dsig:eval attribute).

See also: Digital Signatures for XML. Luring Interntional Students To The United! By Richard D. Brown (GlobeSet, Inc.). January 1999. A syntax and sparknotes procedures for the computation and into verification of XML digital signatures is specified. [local archive copy] See also (earlier): Digital Signatures for sparknotes XML. From the IETF TRADE Working Group. Richard D. Brown, GlobeSet, Inc. November 1998. - The objective of this document is to propose syntax and procedures for the computation and verification of digital signatures applicable to pursuit of happyness movie, general XML documents. [local archive copy] Signed Document Markup Language (SDML) Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) The BIPS specification includes a protocol for sending payment instructions to banks safely over the Internet and a payment server architecture for processing those payment instructions.

On August 24, 1998, a specification for misery sparknotes the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) was published: Bank Internet Payment System Specification Version 1.0. Luring United Kingdom Essay! Public Review Draft, August 24, 1998 . Appendix G of the specification supplies the 'XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD)'. BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by freely available XML parsers. The Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) is a project of The Financial Services Technology Consortium (FSTC). Misery! FSTC is a not-for-profit organization whose goal is to enhance the Pro-Legalization, competitiveness of the United States financial services industry; members of the sparknotes, consortium include banks, financial services providers, research laboratories, universities, technology companies, and government agencies. Details: Network Payment Protocol (NPP): BIPS requirements result in a set of functions that must be carried out in the client software. In order to ensure that the Luring Interntional Students to the United, client software interfaces with the payment processing systems at each bank in a standard manner, the NPP has been defined and is described in this chapter. The NPP is a non-proprietary standard that will ensure that any BIPS-enabled client software can initiate BIPS payment instructions.

The BIPS model is shown in Figure 4.1. All BIPS messages conform to the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C's) XML specification. NPP Message Specification, Message Formatting, and Data Encoding: NPP messages will be specified and formatted according to standards described in the XML Version 1.0 specification. XML is a simplified subset of the Standard Generalized Markup Language [SGML, International Standards Organization (ISO) 8879]. XML provides a standard format to misery, describe different types of data so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly. XML also provides a file format for representing data, a schema for describing data structure, and a mechanism for extending and annotating Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) with semantic information. NPP-specific messages are documented in Appendix G, along with the BIPS DTD. Some characteristics of the wild book, NPP messages are: 1) all messages are in XML; 2) all messages start with a BIPS XML header; 3) all fields are self-identifying; 4) all messages are signed; 5) all messages include the originator's certificate; 6) all request messages include a user-supplied transaction number; 7) all response messages include the signature of the user on the original request, and 8) all response messages include both a bank-supplied transaction number and the user-supplied transaction number. BIPS messages contain blocks that describe the request or response (a block is an XML element or conglomerate of elements). Each BIPS message begins with an misery sparknotes XML header that includes the XML version number, document type, a reference to Luring to the United Kingdom Essay, the BIPS DTD file, and the BIPS version number. A sample BIPS message is shown in Appendix G.

FSTC Home Page Financial Services Technology Consortium BIPS Main Page [August 24, 1998] FSTC Publishes the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) Specification. - FSTC announced today that its Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) specification has been released for public review and comment. Misery! . Strategy Initiatives To Return To Profitable Growth! . BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by freely available XML parsers. Download BIPS Specification [local archive copy, 980824] XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD), from the spec 980824. smartX ['SmartCard'] Markup Language (SML) The goal of SML (smartX Markup Language) is to misery sparknotes, enable automation of all interactions with XML documents providing general methods to represent a set of smart device functions. XML supports the creation of marker content that preserves data structure and promises web documents to be machine-readable. The SML is an implementation of XML for siddhartha hero the smart card industry.

SML also brings to the smart device applications many IDL features that have been implemented in distributed computed and transaction processings.smartX defines a complete framework that encapsulates the development of both the smart card and terminal application. By separating the application process from the application protocol that is card-specific, smartX makes possible to port quickly an application to a new smart card. The innovation of sparknotes, smartX technology relies on Overview Essay a strong description of the smart device data and attached processes. Sparknotes! The semantics and grammar of the Luring to the United Kingdom, description do not equate a programming language with arithmetic and conditions. On the contrary, the data and protocol description is built upon the familiar foundations of the smart card industry, which simplifies programming for the developer. smartX introduces a new description language to describe the application protocol: SML (Smart Markup Language) that implements the Extensible Markup Language (XML) for sparknotes the smart card industry. OpenMLS and RELML - Real Estate DTD Design. Information on OpenMLS and RELML (Real Estate Listing Markup Language) is into book summary provided in a separate document. Founded in 1992, the Customer Support Consortium is a group of over 70 leading technology companies who work together to significantly improve customer support by developing innovative new strategies, standards, and misery programs. Its mission is to develop ways to siddhartha hero, leverage and share knowledge within and among support organizations. The development of open exchange standards is one of the three principal consortium initiatives.

A subgroup is misery developing a set of mappings from standards specifications to XML. XML for the Automotive Industry - SAE J2008. In response to pursuit, requirements from the 1990 US Clean Air Act, The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has adopted a number of standards under the misery, 'SAE J2008' family of standards designed to provide easy access to emission-related automotive service information. At the heart of this SGML standard is a relational Data Model for Automotive Service Information rather than any particular document model. The SGML definition set forth within J2008 provides a hierarchical representation of the siddhartha hero, Data Model. In addition, this standard provides models for misery sparknotes common text constructs such as tables, paragraphs, lists, and procedures which are found within automotive service information. Recently, as explained by Dianne Kennedy in the presentation XML and the Automotive Industry (XML the Conference 98, Seattle 1998), effort has been made to convert the SGML DTD into a version compatible with XML. The current chairperson of the SAE J2008 Working Group is Dianne Kennedy, founder and principal consultant for XMLXperts. [adapted from Dianne Kennedy's overview] [March 09, 1999] A communiqué from Dianne Kennedy reported on recent efforts by the DTD Working Group for SAE J2008. The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J2008 DTD Working Group met on March 3, 1999 in Detroit.

Among the work items was the development of an official XML version of the SAE J2008 DTD for posting automotive service information on the Web. The XML version of the Initiatives Growth, DTD can be found at misery XMLXperts Web site along with a description of how the Students, XML version was created and misery sparknotes sample data with a CSS style sheet as a prototype for Web viewing. X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. [May 04, 1998] On May 4, 1998, an about of Drugs announcement was issued by misery sparknotes, DataChannel and OASIS concerning X-ACT: DataChannel Transfers X-ACT Council to OASIS. XML Market Receives Enhanced Services Through Vendor-Neutral Management of Leading Industry Council. According to the press release, OASIS, the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (formerly SGML Open), announced today that it will take the Essay about of Drugs, helm of the XML Active Content Technologies Council (X-ACT) to provide vendor-neutral management and enhanced industry services. A press release was issued on sparknotes March 4, 1998 announcing the formation of a new industry technology council, X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. X-ACT is an Overview Essay industry council formed to sparknotes, provide a communications venue for corporations working to develop real-world XML-based solutions to meet today's business needs, increase awareness about Active Content Technologies and their benefits, and maintain an index to Active Content software. Luring Kingdom Essay! Aligned with all standards bodies, X-ACT specifically focuses on promoting the usage and adoption of sparknotes, XML in real-world applications. . . Active Content represents all the possible forms of XML as documents, data and Strategy Initiatives to Profitable meta-data, and the new class of information systems that will allow data or objects to misery sparknotes, be re-used and re-purposed by any application. The new industry group recognizes that XML, a groundbreaking new technology, will spawn a new class of computer applications and Essay transactions (Active Content Technologies) that will enable active content at all levels of networked computing (Desktop, Server, Internet, Intranet, Extranet, VPNs, LANs, WANs).

The eighteen (18) members include, to date: Allaire, Andersen Consulting, Arbor Text, BTG, DataChannel, Daylight Software, Informix, Inso, NexGen SI, OmniMark Technologies, Online Computing Library Center, PLATINUM Technology Solutions, Poet Software, NC Focus, Sybase, Thomson Corporation, Wall Data and WebMethods. Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) The Mathematical Markup Language (W3C Working Draft) is misery sparknotes a specification which defines the Mathematical Markup Language, or MathML. MathML is an XML application for describing mathematical notation and capturing both its structure and content. The goal of Luring Students to the Essay, MathML is to enable mathematics to be served, received, and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for text.

The document begins with background information on mathematical notation, the problems it poses, and the philosophy underlying the solutions MathML proposes. MathML can be used to encode both mathematical notation and mathematical content. About 25 of the misery sparknotes, MathML tags describe abstract notational structures, while another 75 provide a way of unambiguously specifying the intended meaning of an expression. Additional chapters discuss how the MathML content and presentation elements interact, and how MathML renderers might be implemented and should interact with browsers. Finally, the document addresses the issue of MathML entities (extended characters) and their relation to and Internal Initiatives to Profitable, fonts. [February 24, 1998] MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by misery, W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. Into Book! Editors: Patrick Ion and Robert Miner. Reference: PR-math-19980224.

Abstract: MathML is a low-level syntax for representing structured data such as mathematics in machine-to-machine communication over the Web, providing a much-needed solution for including mathematical expressions over the Web. In developing MathML, the goal was to define an XML-compliant markup language that describes the content and misery sparknotes presentation of mathematical expressions. And Internal Initiatives To Return To Profitable Growth! This was achieved with MathML. As an effective way to include mathematical expressions in Web documents, MathML gives control over the presentation and the meaning of such expressions. It does this by sparknotes, providing two sets of Taiwan Essay, markup tags: one set presents the notation of mathematical data in misery, markup format, and the other set relays the semantic meaning of mathematical expressions, enabling complex mathematical and scientific notation to be encoded in and Internal Initiatives to Return Growth, an explicit way. As an XML application, MathML capitalizes on XML features and benefits from the wide support of XML. Unlike HTML which was intended as a markup language for use by people, MathML is intended to be used by machines, facilitating the searching and indexing of mathematical and scientific information.

Software tools that work with MathML render MathML into formatted equations, enabling users to edit mathematical equations much as one might edit HTML text. Several early versions of such MathML tools already exist, and misery a number of others, both freely available software and commercial products, are under development. Into The Wild Book Summary! See the misery, press release. Links: [April 07, 1998] Announcement for MathML as a W3C Recommendation Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) specification as Recommendation - REC-MathML-19980407, W3C Recommendation 07-April-1998. [local archive copy, .ZIP] Fact Sheet - for MathML as W3C Recommendation Testimonials - for MathML as W3C Recommendation MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. February 24, 1998. Mathematical Markup Language - W3C Working Draft. January 06, 1998.

WD-math-980106. Interntional Kingdom Essay! MathML DTD (Working Draft 6-Jan-98); [local archive copy] Syntax highlighted version of the MathML DTD (Pankaj Kamthan) 'Htpertext' version of MathML DTD (dtd2html) [June 25, 1998] Mathematics On the Web. By Rockford J. Ross [Computer Science Department, Montana State University]. In ACM SIGACT NEWS Volume 29, Number 2 (June 1998) [Education Forum], pages 33-41. Review of misery sparknotes, MathML from the ACM Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computation Theory. See: Mathematical Markup Language (XML) - Main entry [August 14, 1998] Note from Eitan Gurari: work done to configure TeX4ht for XML and MathML. See: gurari/temp/xml/ml.html; [local archive copy] Also, the pursuit review, collected documentation.

MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML. (David Carlisle) MathML in misery, Mozilla (Roger B. Taiwan Essay! Sidje, David Fiddes, P. S. Karthikeyan). The priority of the project will be to provide a compact and fast engine that will process MathML and enable Gecko to render mathematical expressions. Another goal is to provide a WYSIWYG interface to misery, MathML. This will be a graphical equation editor with an internal representation in standard MathML text. TtHMML, a TeX to MathML translator. See Try out TtHMML. Siddhartha Hero! NB: 'You need a browser such as Amaya, with MathML support, to sparknotes, see equations.' See: OpenMath Standard. PICS-NG Metadata Model and and Internal Initiatives to Profitable Label Syntax (W3C WD-pics-ng-metadata-970514.html), with Appendix A: Correspondence to the XML Web Collection Proposal. One proposal for the metadata syntax is XML: the Extensible Markup Language . . .is attractive because of its political appeal and the fact that it may find other uses in the Internet arena.

The full definition of an XML syntax for misery PICS-NG will be included in a future version of Luring to the Essay, this document. [mirror copy] CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) attempts to address a problem faced by sparknotes, both users and vendors of Visual Modeling tools and Computer Aided Software and Systems Engineering (CASE) tools: interoperability. Users need to be able to move information from Taiwan Essay one CASE tool to another in order to develop systems efficiently. They need to sparknotes, move information from a tool to a repository and back. They need to exchange data between repositories.

CDIF is a Family of Standards that lays out a single architecture for exchanging information between modelling tools, and between repositories, and Essay of Drugs defines the interfaces of the components to implement this architecture. CDIF has been defined by the CDIF Division of the misery sparknotes, EIA, an industry standards committee. CDIF is also being standardized at an international level through ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7/WG11. Many of the major modeling, CASE and Taiwan repository vendors, and some large user organizations have pooled their expertise and resources to develop this Family of Standards. Currently, the misery, CDIF Family of Standards has 10 standards as members and more will be added in book summary, the future. The CDIF standards development process is open-ended, and driven by the interests of the CDIF member organizations. Any organization can become a CDIF member and thus influence current and future CDIF work. The CDIF Technical Committee is preparing a specification called the sparknotes, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format . The Working Group Chair is Woody Pidcock (Boeing Company) and the standards draft editor is Johannes Ernst (Aviatis Corporation). The Wild! A June 1998 draft (CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998) edited by Johannes Ernst outlines the sparknotes, ongoing work of the CDIF Technical Committee on the transfer format. The CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) family of Standards is primarily designed to siddhartha hero, be used as a description of a mechanism for transferring information between CASE tools. It facilitates a successful transfer when the authors of the importing and sparknotes exporting tools have nothing in common except an agreement to conform to CDIF.

The language that is siddhartha hero defined for the Transfer Format also has applicability as a general language for misery sparknotes Import/Export from repositories. The CDIF Integrated Meta-model also has applicability as the Luring Interntional Students, basis of standard definitions for use in sparknotes, repositories. The XML-based CDIF Syntax which allows the exchange of meta-models and models using the emerging XML standard is being provided in the wild book, addition to misery, the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and ENCODING.1. In the version 3 draft document, (Section 5.2 of the Transfer Format Overview), the relationship of the of happyness review, CDIF Transfer Format to misery, XML is explained: The primary application of the XML standards is Taiwan Overview document markup. Compared to sparknotes, the HTML document type definition, XML-based document type definitions allow for a more strict definition of the content and Luring Interntional Students to the United Kingdom Essay content structure. On the other hand, the exchange of modeling information according to the CDIF architecture requires an even stricter set of rules to be followed than even in a strict application of XML. This has two consequences: (a) any CDIF Transfer file employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format is also a legal XML file; (b) the sparknotes, rules to be followed by files employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format cannot be fully captured in Starbuck’s, an XML DTD alone; instead, this standard defines rules that are mandatory for such an XML-based CDIF Transfer beyond those defined in sparknotes, the DTD. As an example for the wild the latter, consider the rich set of data types for meta-attributes and meta-meta-attributes required to exchange modeling information, and compare them to the significantly smaller set of data types provided by misery sparknotes, XML. When exchanging models with the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format that employ any of the Taiwan Overview Essay, richer data types, additional rules have to be obeyed.

CDIF Man Page Introduction to CDIF. July 1998. By Johannes Ernst, Aviatis Corporation. Draft 3 of XML-based CDIF Transfer Format. The XML-based CDIF Syntax allows the misery sparknotes, exchange of meta-models and models using the emerging XML standard. This is in addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and pursuit movie review ENCODING.1. Misery! XML-based CDIF Transfer Format DTD -- DRAFT 3 [local archive copy] CDIF XML-Based Transfer Format. Draft 'standard' version 3. Starbuck’s And Internal Initiatives! CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998. Sparknotes! [local archive copy, 980622] Draft version 2. Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL)

Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) On April 03, 1998, a submission was made to the World Wide Web Consortium concerning a proposed Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) . References: W3C NOTE-PGML-19980410, World Wide Web Consortium Note 10-April-1998, URL The W3C NOTE was submitted by Taiwan Overview, representatives of Adobe Systems Incorporated, International Business Machines Corporation, Netscape Communications Corporation, and Sun Microsystems, Inc. The abstract: This document is the specification for the Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML). PGML is a 2D scalable graphics language designed to misery sparknotes, meet both the simple vector graphics needs of casual users and the precision needs of graphics artists. PGML uses the imaging model common to of Drugs, the PostScript(R) language and Portable Document Format (PDF); it also contains additional features to satisfy the needs of Web applications. The NOTE is characterized as a working document. Sparknotes! It is not meant to Students United Kingdom, be a complete definition for PGML. Many sections have been left open or have been labeled Ideas for Consideration so that the misery sparknotes, working group can develop the strongest possible language specification and ensure that it is fully compatible with other W3C standards efforts.

Among the 'Design Principles': PGML should be an Initiatives to Return Growth XML application and sparknotes the imaging model is an instance of the RDF data model. . . PGML should be compatible with and fully leverage all related W3C standards efforts. . .in particular, PGML will be an application of XML. Siddhartha Hero! . .[provision for ] exporting the imaging model to the DOM. A W3C 'Comment on sparknotes PGML Submission' asserts: PGML is expressed in XML, which allows PGML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the Pro-Legalization of Drugs, document in which they are contained. A sample from Appendix B (minus the pretty-printing): ?XML version=1.0?!DOCTYPE PGML SYSTEM pgml1.0.dtdpgml boundingbox=0 0 300 300path fill=1 fillcolor=100 0 0moveto x=100 y=100/lineto x=200/lineto y=200/lineto x=100/lineto y=100//path/pgml . Misery Sparknotes! See the (extracted) Document Type Definition for the Precision Graphics Markup Language, PGML from Appendix D of the Overview Essay, document. On May 28, 1998, the W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission for a proposed Vector Markup Language (VML) from Autodesk Inc., Hewlett-Packard Company, Macromedia, Inc., Microsoft Corporation, and sparknotes Visio Corporation. Starbuck’s Strategy Initiatives To Return! References: NOTE-VML-19980513, World Wide Web Consortium Note 13-May-1998. The submission defines the Vector Markup Language (VML), which is an application of Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 which defines a format for the encoding of vector information together with additional markup to describe how that information may be displayed and sparknotes edited. According to the Introduction in the NOTE, The Vector Markup Language (VML) supports the markup of vector graphic information in Luring Students, the same way that HTML supports the markup of textual information. Within VML the content is misery composed of paths described using connected lines and curves.

The markup gives semantic and presentation information for the paths. VML is written using the syntax of XML just as HTML is written using the Strategy to Return Growth, syntax of SGML (the Standard Generalized Markup Language, [ISO 8879]) - XML is a restricted form of SGML. Sparknotes! VML uses Cascading Style Sheets, Level 2 in the same way as HTML to determine the layout of the vector graphics which it contains. Normative references cited in the NOTE include HTML 4.0, CSS1/2, XML 1.0, XML Namespaces, XLink, IEC 61966-2, PNG, and ISO 10918-1 (JPEG); VML is said to be based on well-established vector graphical techniques. From the W3C Comment on the VML Submission: VML is expressed in XML, which allows VML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the Essay about Pro-Legalization of Drugs, document in which they are contained.

The submitters have clearly given thought to style sheet binding, to misery, the necessary stylistic differences between editors and Luring to the viewers, and to containment in HTML; they have also taken care to address the points in the W3C Requirements document. WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on sparknotes the Web. On May 12, 1998, the W3C acknowledged a WebBroker submission from DataChannel. Essay About! DataChannel, Inc. had submitted a proposed specification to misery, the W3C for Overview WebBrokering, governing 'Distributed Object Communication on the Web.' WebBroker, which falls under the W3C HTTP-NG Activity, represents an attempt at misery unifying interface technology used in existing distributed object systems like CORBA, DCOM, and RMI but is based on pursuit of happyness review XML, HTTP/1.1 and traditional CGI technology for easier integration into the existing Web model. The submission is misery composed of five separate documents: WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web (NOTE-webbroker-19980511, authored by John Tigue and Jon Lavinder) ObjectMethodMessages DTD AnonymousData DTD TerseAnonymousData DTD InterfaceDef DTD. The abstract: This document provides a specification (WebBroker document type definitions, or WebBroker DTDs) for describing and exchanging structured messages between software components on the Web. Such exchange is Strategy Growth facilitated by the DTDs which describe the structure of the messages (method requests and method responses) and which also describe the interfaces of the software components themselves. The AnonymousData DTD describes a simple way of expressing the misery sparknotes, data type of structures which works within XML 1.0 and of happyness is designed to work with XML-Data. The ObjectMethodMessages DTD describes how to represent, in XML documents, the serialized messages between software components.

ObjectMethodMessages uses the AnonymousData DTD and is modeled after DCE RPC Request and Response PDUs. The InterfaceDef DTD describes software component interfaces much like CORBA IDL and Microsoft IDL. Misery Sparknotes! One immediate implication of siddhartha hero, these ideas is that there can now be a unified Web publishing and traditional client/server programming model which work over HTTP 1.1. We expect the WebBroker DTDs to be useful for enabling many organizations to sparknotes, implement a mature yet simple and Pro-Legalization easy to sparknotes, reproduce model of distributed computing on and Internal to Return the Web. Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) The Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) consists of six XML-compliant HTML extenders that define a universal schema for misery sparknotes HTML documents based on the Document Object Model (DOM) as it is pursuit of happyness movie review being defined by the World Wide Web Consortium. Submission of a specification for the Web Interface Definition Language [WIDL] to W3C by misery, webMethods, Inc. According to the abstract, the document provides the specification for the Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL), a metalanguage that implements a service-based architecture over the document-based resources of the World Wide Web.

WIDL is an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML); it allows interactions with Web servers to be defined as functional interfaces that can be accessed by remote systems over pursuit of happyness review standard Web protocols, and provides the misery sparknotes, structure necessary for generating client code in languages such as Java, C/C++, COBOL, and Visual Basic. To Return To Profitable! WIDL enables a practical and cost-effective means for diverse systems to be rapidly integrated across corporate intranets, extranets, and the Internet. Short Take: WIDL submitted to W3C as standard. By Tim Clark. CNET , October 13, 1997, 2:15 p.m. PT. [August 29, 1997] Announcement from webMethods Inc. Misery Sparknotes! that the core of siddhartha hero, its Web Automation technology has been built around the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). webMethods' Web Automation product suite now uses XML to define automated access to Web data and services, and sparknotes can be used against existing HTML or new XML-based Web resources. Essay About Of Drugs! . . Web Automation technology is based on webMethods' Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) 2.0, an XML application that defines Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to Web data and services. [local archive copy] WIDL Description See also: Building Blocks: Turning the Web Into a Data Source, by Leslie Marable. From Web Week , Volume 3, Issue 11, April 21, 1997. [mirror copy] [March 04, 1998] Free Web Automation Toolkit for misery sparknotes XML HTML - from webMethods Inc. Submission - local archive copies. XML and EDI (Electronic Data Interchange). EDI works by providing a collection of standard message formats and element dictionary in a simple way for businesses to exchange data via any electronic messaging service. . . XML/EDI provides a standard format to describe different types of data -- for example, a loan application, an Luring Interntional Students to the United Kingdom invoice, healthcare claim, project status -- so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly by implementing EDI dictionaries. Thus by combining XML and EDI we create a new powerful paradigm! (Dubbed by misery sparknotes, the designers as An idea almost as good as peanutbutter and Interntional United Kingdom Essay chocolate!)

In March 1998, the XML-EDI Group become an organization of the misery, Graphic Communications Association Research Institute (GCARI). GCARI, an affiliate of Graphic Communications Association (GCA) in Alexandria, Va. GCA is a technical management association in the publishing and printing industries that has supported XML since its creation. XML/EDI Overview Main XML/EDI Page for Essay the XML/EDI Group -- an ad hoc group of professionals and volunteers in various industries. Redix XML/EDI Authoring Tool - The XML/EDI Authoring Tool gives you ability to define your own interface between your application software and XML formats, regardless of whether your application format is sparknotes EDI based or proprietary. Taiwan Overview Essay! Several examples are provided in this tool. These include X12, EDIFACT, HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996), Oracle ERP, and misery SAP. Starbuck’s And Internal To Return To Profitable! We also provide a tutorial that guides you through the steps to interface with the XML/EDI Authoring Tool. Another XML/EDI Home Page XML/EDI Frameworks - The Executive Summary Guidelines for Using XML for Electronic Data Interchange, edited by Martin Bryan.

Contributors: Members of the XML/EDI working group, including Benoít Marchal, Norbert H. Mikula, Bruce Peat, and David R. R. Webber. Version 0.04, 23rd December 1997. Misery Sparknotes! [local archive copy, version 0.04]; [archive copy, version 0.02] The Role of Document Type Definitions in Electronic Data Interchange. By Martin Bryan. Internet Explorer 5.0 XML/EDI Demonstration using Intelligent XSL Stylesheets. By Martin Bryan. Of Drugs! Guidelines for using XML for Electronic Data Interchange [variant of preceding document] Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, by misery sparknotes, Martin Bryan. Initiatives To Return To Profitable! [archive copy] EDI and XML time for a dual approach?, by Bruce Peat; [archive copy] Advantages of including Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) entities with eXtensible Markup Language (XML), by Bruce Peat with XML assistance from misery Richard Light. [archive copy] Using XML for Electronic Commerce, by Martin Bryan Electronic commerce topic page Contact form [August 29, 1997] Accelerating Electronic Commerce: Making EDI Accessible with XML, by Mary Fletcher Laplante (Director, Document Software Strategies Group, CAP Ventures). Published in siddhartha hero, Document Software Strategies Analysis 2/29 (August 15, 1997); [local archive copy] [February 02, 1998] XML/EDI XML/XSL Example - Fill-In-Form (Betty Harvey) A form developed as a test scenario for ordering product and creating an XML/EDI message. [March 11, 1998] XML-EDI Group Becomes a GCARI Organization. Sparknotes! GCARI: Graphic Communications Association Research Institute, and affiliate of the Graphic Communications Association (GCA). Taiwan! [local archive copy] According to a press release of misery, July 27, 1998, the pursuit of happyness movie review, objectives of the working group are to: 1) Develop draft standards on repositories for submission to misery sparknotes, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Object Management Group (OMG), and UN/EDIFACT working groups; 2) Establish a formal working group to coordinate proposal development; 3) Provide a technical forum for individuals involved in repository development to participate; 4) Offer links among disciplines and Essay standards such as W3C's XML, as well as OMG's UML (Unified Modeling Language) and MOF (Meta-Object Facility); 5) Provide a means for vendors who have announced products based on open standards on this topic to offer their ideas. The first draft is anticipated for an availability date of September 30, 1998.

For the purposes of this discussion group, the term EDI shall include business-to-business, business-to-consumer, and sparknotes consumer-to-business exchanges of XML formatted and structured data or information. Home Page [July 27, 1998] Press release: New XML Electronic Commerce Repository Proposal Announced. Adapted from the into, press release in RTF format Announcement - Press release from GCA Project Overview and misery sparknotes Focus [local archive copy] Project Goal, Objectives, and Discussion Topics; [local archive copy] Press releases Position Statement on pursuit review Global Repositories for XML. - By The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.98, July, 1998. Authors and Contributors: Betty Harvey, Denis Hill, Ron Schuldt, Martin Bryan, Will Thayer, Dick Raman and David Webber. The XML/EDI Guidelines identify the need for effective use of Global Repositories and document structure grammars.

This paper discusses the implementation of such technologies and the bringing together of related ongoing efforts in this field. See also Preliminary Findings and Recommendations on the Representation of X12 Data Elements and Structures in XML X12C Ad Hoc Task Group on the use of XML with X12 EDI. DRAFT Version 0.03a, July 31, 1998. Editors: Bob Crowley, Rik Drummond, David Webber, Christine Pellar-Kosbar. Contributors: Denis Hill, Ken Steel, Mike Rawlins, Dan Codman, John Hathaway, Martin Bryan, Robert Miller, Betty Harvey, William Kammerer, John Kevlin. UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-Edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.92. July, 1998. Authors and misery Contributors: David Webber, Klaus-Dieter Naujok.

The international EDI community has developed OO-edi over the past three years as an implementation neutral framework for the future architecture of EDI. XML/EDI has emerged over the last twelve months as the implementation and Starbuck’s to Return deployment method of choice for next generation of electronic business facilitation via the sparknotes, Internet. This paper shows how these two technologies are completely compatible and strongly complimentary. XML/EDI emerges as the implementation method of choice for of happyness movie review FVS (Functional Service View) of Open-edi, and misery Open-edi BOV (Business Operational View) provides the means to Overview Essay, underpin the physical implementation methods of misery, XML/EDI with design, process and logic verification to ensure robust and Essay Pro-Legalization of Drugs efficient systems development and sparknotes architectures. Two representation methods provide the link between the two: Universal Model Language (UML), and Extensible Markup Language (XML). UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-edi Compatibility With XML/EDI.

From the XML/EDI Group. About Pro-Legalization! July 1998. Misery! [local archive copy] The European XML/EDI Pilot Project is being run as part of the Information Society Standardization System within the European Committee for Standardization (CEN/ISSS) open workshop on Electronic Commerce. [The objective of the project is] to test the applicability of XML for interchanging data, between SMEs and their business partners, of the type currently exchanged using EDI messages. The project will build on the findings of Overview Essay, existing and sparknotes proposed European initiatives on the use of pursuit review, XML for EDI data interchange. The EEMA EDI Work Group would like to sparknotes, propose to CEFACT the establishment of a Global Repository for the translation of XML tags in UN/EDIFACT and pursuit of happyness movie human language on the Internet. The EEMA EDI Working Group is prepared to assist in the set up and operation of such a repository, which could be crucial in the advancement of the use of EDI over the Internet. . . . When the fusion between ANSI X12, EDIFACT and all other EDI standards takes place in a proper way it should be under the auspices of the UN so it is global, public domain, open and available for misery sparknotes anyone. Of Happyness Movie! Today this is not the case with the ANSI standards and sparknotes many other EDI standards that are only pursuit, available at misery sparknotes considerable cost. Of course today the EDIFACT standard is Luring to the Kingdom already in the public domain and can easily be obtained through the Internet.

. Misery Sparknotes! . .there could be a relatively easy fusion between EDIFACT and ANSI X12. Essentially every data-element one can find in ANSI or in Students United Essay, EDIFACT could be placed inside the XML/EDI file. What would be required is to set up a repository in misery sparknotes, which the tags for the XML files are listed with the corresponding EDIFACT data-element number, the corresponding ANSI X12 element number, and the wild book a description. . . By setting up one global repository on misery the Internet, CEFACT can assume responsibility for the creation of siddhartha hero, new tags based on a corresponding EDIFACT data-element number and misery the standard description, while other organizations can assume responsibility for a language code or the corresponding element number in different standards. Even if XML/EDI is not the ultimate solution, a global repository would be extremely useful for conventional EDI and other forms of siddhartha hero, EC, because it would provide an independent Data Dictionary which could be used by applications. As of Fall 1999, there was a proliferating activity of X12-XML initiatives [which] reflects the essential foundation the X12 standard provides to a multitude of misery sparknotes, emerging e-commerce technologies. See the separate document. Information and Content Exchange (ICE) On October 26, 1998, the W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission from Adobe Systems Incorporated, CNET Incorporated, Microsoft Corporation, Sun Microsystems Inc., and Vignette Corporation, in the form of pursuit movie review, a NOTE: The Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol.

Other information on the Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol is provided in a separate document. In an announcement made today by Patrick Gannon, Executive Director of CommerceNet's Information Access Portfolio, at sparknotes the XML Developers' Day program being held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, CommerceNet gave its full support to Interntional United, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) development of the Working Draft Requirements for the Extensible Markup Language (XML) and launched its international industry initiative to demonstrate commercial viability of XML in Internet Commerce. Misery! The CommerceNet initiative is designed to close the time gap between the development of Essay about, industry standards and implementation of open, interoperable applications in the electronic commerce arena. Misery Sparknotes! The multifaceted program involves development of examples, demonstrations and a showcase of member applications. The goal is to accelerate the adoption of XML as a key technology for the realization of efficient Internet Commerce. . . The CommerceNet program is made up of three strategic projects: (1) XML Catalogs DTDs; (2) iMarkets; (3) XML/EDI. RosettaNet is a global business consortium creating the electronic commerce framework to align processes in the IT supply chain. See the independent document for into summary references. IETF Internet Draft draft-kristensen-xml-map-00.txt. Misery Sparknotes! By Anders Kristensen.

Hewlett-Packard Laboratories. This document proposes an XML encoding for sets of named values. Into The Wild! The primary application is as a transmission format for misery sparknotes form values being submitted to a processing agent over siddhartha hero the Web. The main advantage over misery sparknotes other form value encodings is movie review that it allows field names to misery, be associated with structured values without resorting to non-XML encodings. The multipart/related MIME type is used for carrying non-XML media. Capability Card: An Attribute Certificate in Taiwan, XML. This IETF INTERNET DRAFT for a 'Capability Card' describes basic ideas and data components of misery sparknotes, 'Capability Card,' which is a kind of attribute certificates designed from the standpoint of a secure communication framework on the Internet. Similar to the SPKI certificates, a capability card can be used to grant a person particular access privileges to resources like WWW pages, IRC channels, and message boxes. In addition, it can carry a variety of descriptive information about the issuer, the resources, and the privileges specified in it. Siddhartha Hero! A capability card is misery written in XML, which is becoming a standard format rapidly for the internet data exchange. Consequently, users can handle various information in capability cards visually with an XML viewer.

This is a fairly desirable feature for siddhartha hero the existing internet services. In this document, following the motivation and sparknotes the basic concepts, the elements of XML DTD of capability cards are described. Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TCIF/IPI) The recent revision of the TIM DTD toward version 2 has been motivated, in part, by a desire of the subcommittee to make this news industry DTD XML compliant. About Pro-Legalization Of Drugs! Information Products Interchange (IPI) is a working committee of the misery sparknotes, Telecommunications Industry Forum.

IPI was established to select standards and guidelines capable of allowing the interchange of a variety of into the wild book, information products for the telecommunications industry . Misery Sparknotes! . . Most of the IPI Committee's published work has to Essay, do with the sparknotes, Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TIM, an SGML DTD) and the Telecommunications Electronic Document Delivery Package (TEDD). The TIM Document Type Definition (DTD) is a specification for describing the structure of telecommunications and other technical documents . . . based largely on Strategy and Internal Initiatives to Profitable early versions of the DocBook DTD developed by the Davenport Group. TIM 1 was approved as a TCIF Guideline in December 1995, and revisions for misery sparknotes TIM 2 were begun in Luring Interntional Students to the Essay, December 1996. As described in the TCIF Information Publication TCIF-IPI-97-004 (Issue 1, 10/24/97), several of the sparknotes, DTD changes were aimed at making the TIM 2 specification XML compliant. These included changes to the SGML declaration, removal of inclusion and to Return exclusion exceptions from content models, implementation of external cross-references through URLs, restricting the misery sparknotes, attribute data types to book summary, the XML-valid AttType values ('TokenizedType' -- in particular, NMTOKEN for misery sparknotes NAME, NUMBER, and NUTOKEN), and Luring United Essay restriction of PCDATA to content models having repeatable 'OR groups'. Misery! Thus: except for changes to adapt to the not-yet-finished XLL linking specification, TIM is already XML-complaint and Essay Pro-Legalization ready for the next generation of browsers. Main database entry, with summary and bibliographic references: TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange) Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange (TCIF - IPI) Committee Home Page TIM DTD Telecommunications Interchange Markup, alias Technical Information Markup DTD [March 06, 1998] Comments from misery sparknotes Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the XML DTD issues (v. 203, 204).

Version 2.0.4 has introduced all-lower-case names (a decision based upon XML case-sensitivity rules) and implemented other minor changes to allow (optionally) better compatibility with TEDD and XML. [March 06, 1998] See as of siddhartha hero, this date for TIM DTD draft version 2.0.4. Alternate locations: or The change history describes the `XML compliance' issues in 2.0.4. Sparknotes! A PE reference %m-; appears: - mapped to - - for the 'SGML only' DTD marked sections, mapped to nil for XML. The ZIP archive for Overview the DTD. [April 21, 1998] Note from Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the Availability of XML-compliant TIM. Dated 1998-03-06. Further details on XML-compliant version of TIM (2.1.1) as of April 21, 1998; [2.1.1 local archive copy, 19980421] Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) and Pinnacles Component Information Standard (PCIS) ECIX - 'For Internet and XML-based Component Information Exchange'.

The Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) project is dedicated to misery, designing standards for pursuit review creation, exchange and sparknotes use of electronic component information, including ASIC cores. The ECIX architecture and standards are extensible, unambiguous, well documented and are maintained under the direction of Si2. The current ECIX specifications are QuickData (QuickData Protocol and Quick Evaluation Data Specifications), PCIS, CIDS, and TDML. Strategy And Internal Initiatives! Details on the new ECIX QuickData specifications for misery real-time business-to-business Internet transactions (based on XML) are accessible [via the Web site]. A new, XML-based version of PCIS (Version 1.5) was announced in June at DAC '99.

ECIX Component Information Dictionary Standard (CIDS) The aim of the Component Information Dictionary Standard is to provide authors and users of component information with a computer sensible dictionary of characteristic properties of components, allowing for a common and unambiguous understanding of those characteristics. Pursuit! ECIX has created a CIDS dictionary in sparknotes, support of the ECIX Quick Evaluation Data Specification, and is working with NIST, IEC (61360) and JEDEC organizations to realize CIDS dictionaries for siddhartha hero those industry standard dictionaries. A new XML-based version of CIDS (Version 1.9) was announced in June at DAC '99. The US Library of Congress and several research level institutions have been engaged in the collaborative work of the EAD (Encoded Archival Description) initiative for several years. These institutions use the sparknotes, EAD DTD, and currently encode their archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) or in the wild summary, XML.

The EAD Document Type Definition (DTD) represents the formal part of a standard for encoding archival finding aids using the misery, Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and the Extensible Markup Language (XML). This standard is maintained by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress (LC) in partnership with the Society of American Archivists. See the dedicated page for information on the Encoded Archival Description (EAD). A communique from Junichi Suzuki (The Graduate School of Computer Science, Keio University) describes an XML application proposed as the UML eXchange Format (UXF). The UML (Unified Modeling Language) is an emerging standard modeling language for the description of software systems. UXF is a XML-based format to interchange software analysis/design models with UML (Unified Modeling Language), which is an Starbuck’s to Return to Profitable object-oriented analysis/design methodology.

According to the description on the UXF Web site, the project addresses how UML (Unified Modeling Language) models can be interchanged and sparknotes proposes an application-neutral format called UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). It is a format powerful enough to express, publish, access and Strategy exchange UML models, and a natural extension from the existing Internet environment. It serves as a communication vehicle for misery developers, and Luring United Kingdom as a well-structured data format for development tools. With UXF, UML models can be distributed universally. UXF is thus expected to support intercommunications between software developers, interconnectivity between development tools, and sparknotes a natural and Overview transparent extension from the misery, existing Web environment. Luring To The United! Several related DTDs are now available or in draft: Parent DTD for misery all subset DTDs, DTD for class diagrams, DTD for Starbuck’s Strategy and Internal to Profitable Growth collaboration diagrams, DTD for statechart diagrams, UXF DTD for sequence diagrams. Misery! The designers are using 'XSL' stylesheets for UXF data.

Links: UML - Unified Modeling Language Version 1.4 of the Starbuck’s Strategy Initiatives Growth, UML Documentation set was scheduled for release in April of sparknotes, 1999. Main UXF Page UXF Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Making UML Models Exchangeable over the Internet with XML: UXF Approach. The Wild Summary! By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Misery! Paper presented at the International Workshop UML'98 (3rd-4th June 98, Mulhouse - France). Available in siddhartha hero, Word97, PDF, and Postscript formats. Misery! [local archive copy] Managing the Software Design Documents with XML. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto, Keio University. Presented in Session 11: 'Working with XML', Thursday, September 24, 1998, Loews Le Concorde Hotel, Quebec City, Canada, ACM SIGDOC 1998. In the siddhartha hero, software engineering community, Unified Modeling Language (UML) has been widely accepted as an object-oriented software analysis/design methodology, since it provides most of the concepts and notations that are essential for documenting object oriented models. UML, however, does not have an explicit format for interchanging its models intentionally. Misery Sparknotes! This paper addresses this lack and proposes UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for review UML models, based on sparknotes XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] [September 16, 1999] Leveraging Distributed Software Development.

By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. In IEEE Computer [IEEE Computer Society] Volume 32, Number 9 (September), pages 59-65, with 6 references. Toward the Interoperable Software Design Models: Quartet of UML, XML, DOM and CORBA. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Second draft, presented to ISESS '99 (Fourth IEEE International Software Engineering Standards Symposium, May 17-21, 1999). This paper addresses a standard-based UML model interchange and presents our effort to to the United Kingdom Essay, make UML interoperable. We developed a XML-based exchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) and a distributed model management system for UML. The system leverages the team development, reuse of design models and tool interoperability by interchanging the model information with XML through the Document Object Model (DOM) interface that is misery implemented on top of Luring Interntional Students to the United Essay, CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). Misery Sparknotes! DOM provides a platform and programming language neutral interface to manipulate the into summary, content, structure and style of documents. Misery! [local archive copy] Making UML Models Interoperable with UXF. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. This paper addresses the UML model interchange and presents our efforts to make UML highly interoperable.

We developed an interchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] Archived Samples (DTDs, instances, stylesheets) in a .ZIP collection, 19980528 Contact: Junichi Suzuki. Email; WWW: suzuki/jsuzuki.html Compare: UML-Xchange from Normand Rivard, 07-09-98. UML-Xchange is a SGML DTD for exchanging data models between CASE tools that use the UML language. All of the six kinds of UML diagrams are supported. See the DTD, [local archive copy] Compare: Object Management Group (OMG) and XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI). Related: Pattern Markup Language (PML) - an XML-based format to describe software patterns. . . PML internally uses UXF. Information on the LISA/OSCAR 'TMX' DTD for translation memory exchange is provided in a separate document. P3P Syntax Specification: Platform for Privacy Preferences. [March 23, 1998] Frontier 5 is of happyness now an XML database with a programming and storage model. . .; see

[January 1998] In one of a series of articles on XML, Frontier 5 and XML: Scripting News in XML, Dave Winer describes how he puts Scripting News in XML. The [publication] format is regular enough so that with a reasonable script I can also generate a new format called scriptingNews format, that could be read by a new kind of browser, specially designed to carry news items with links, a possible picture, and a rare comment from my evilTwin. [. ] I also converted all the back issues of sparknotes, Scripting News, dating back to Starbuck’s and Internal Initiatives to Profitable, April 1997, each in its own XML file. Through the initiative, SGML Open and its members pledge to promote: (1) open standards; (2) elimination of proprietary extensions; (3) complete interoperability. The name '' embodies the concepts of misery sparknotes, XML and serves as an Luring Students to the Kingdom abbreviation for interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international. Press Release: SGML Open Launches Initiative in Support of XML.

Monday September 22 3:14 PM EDT. Lead paragraph: SGML Open, the international consortium dedicated to promoting structured document and data interchange based on the SGML family of standards, today announced the adoption of a new initiative, Misery! Serving as a forum and resource center for developers and users of Essay of Drugs, XML tools, will work to bridge the gap between the XML specification and tool interoperability. '' represents the concepts of interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international -- together with XML. Information on '' from SGML Open. NuDoc is a technology for sparknotes describing, editing, and viewing highly designed pages for print and on-line distribution. NuDoc supports applications for WYSIWYG page layout, online XML browsing, and database driven, variable-data publishing. In NuDoc, a document object is made of style, content, and page layout sub-objects. A style object contains rules that govern the form (or visual appearance) of the document. Content elements such as words, images, movies, etc. are organized into a tagged tree structure that represents the logical organization of the information (sections, sub-sections, etc.).

The W3C's Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the default content data representation. XML files are the default representation for the structured, tagged content. NuDoc reads and writes XML content files during the authoring process. NuDoc's TSL files are used to define the style sheets. For rapid saving and restoring of the entire document object's state, NuDoc can save to disk (and re-read) the post-composition document containing the Essay, style, content, and resulting page layouts (including all user edits and mark-up) to an external XML-format checkpoint file. Finally, if the shared content feature is required, external shared content is stored in yet another XML format file. [from the Technology Briefing, August 1997] PageFlex is a NuDoc-based Application under development as of mid-1998. PageFlex is misery a high-end solution built from modular components and open standards. It is the first solution to use XML as the movie, intermediate data format between databases and the page composition process. The output formatter is based on Bitstream's revolutionary NuDoc page composition engine, NuDoc offers unprecedented control over the graphic design of page templates while maintaining a strict separation of form from the input XML content. Coins: Tightly Coupled JavaBeans and XML Elements.

Coins is a programming project undertaken by Bill la Forge. Description: A coin has two faces, an XML element and an instance of a JavaBean: a) the sparknotes, XML element is the persistent form, an b) the JavaBean instance is the runtime form. One of the primary operations of a coins program is the binding of XML element types to Taiwan Overview, specific Java classes. In some cases (runtime program composition), an initial set of bindings is assumed and the XML document being processed uses that initial set to specify additional bindings in a bootstrapping process. The bindings used to process a document are not always fixed, but are often determined by the application or server processing the document. In these cases, the XML document is simply a vehicle for sparknotes moving information between applications, and the coins technology simply provides the means for processing that document.

A particularly interesting feature of coins is its use of hyper-links. Java serialization has no equivalent capability, forcing the .ser files generated by Java serialization to be self-contained. . Into Book Summary! . Coins Web site: Coins Overview XML-Based Components: Coins. Misery! Presentation to ACM Greater Boston Web Tech Chapter, by Students to the United, Bill la Forge Source and misery Documentation Contact: Bill la Forge. [June 21, 1998] Two-faced Coins Catching On. By Jeff Walsh. Into Book Summary! In InfoWorld Electric (June 19, 1998) Posted at 4:56 PM PT. Misery Sparknotes! A new programming paradigm called Coins is gaining momentum with developers as a way to deliver JavaBeans using the Taiwan Essay, Extensible Markup Language (XML) without the sparknotes, need for Java serialization. DMTF Common Information Model (CIM)

On October 19, 1998, The Desktop Management Task Force, Inc. (DMTF) announced the availability of its XML Encoding Specification for the encoding of the Common Information Model (CIM) schema in Essay Pro-Legalization, XML. Information on misery DMTF's CIM and WBEM technology solutions is held in a separate document. Process Interchange Format XML (PIF-XML) On June 12, 1998, Jeffrey Ricker posted an announcement for an initial design of PIF-XML (Process Interchange Format XML). PIF is an interchange format designed to help automatically exchange process descriptions among a wide variety of to Profitable Growth, business process modeling and support system such as workflow software, flow charting tools, process simulation systems, and process repositories. PIF itself is based on the Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF), which is in turn based on LiSP.

Since both LiSP and XML are text-based and nested trees, the sparknotes, translation is relatively straightforward. However, PIF also includes an Essay about Pro-Legalization object-oriented design with inheritance, which does not directly translate into misery, XML. The initial work attempts a direct translation of Students to the Essay, PIF version 1.2, and is not optimized for economy in XML; a provisional DTD and misery example encoded PIF-XML document are available. Ontology and Essay about Conceptual Knowledge Markup Languages. QAML is sparknotes a new language created using XML. The purpose of QAML is to of happyness movie review, provide a more specific format for documents dealing with questions and sparknotes answers. Why use QAML instead of HTML?

Because unconstrained HTML is too powerful and loose! In particular QAML is meant for pursuit movie review FAQs, or Frequently Asked Questions. QAML was originally meant to be a broader language, but we have decided to focus it specifically on FAQs. We are programming a CGI which will format QAML documents and sparknotes convert them to pursuit of happyness, HTML, so it will be possible to implement QAML without having to worry about when XML browsers are commonplace. Rick Jelliffe ( has helped us to make QAML fully XML-compliant. We have posted the new, full XML QAML DTD. [October 07, 1999] New version of the DTD.

[February 26, 1999] A recent communiqué from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica Computing Centre) announces a 'Call for Comments' on misery a proposed XML DTD for Interntional United Kingdom Essay 'Frequently Asked Questions' documents. Misery Sparknotes! The new QAML 2.0X XML DTD is based on the QAML 1.0 SGML DTD, with backwards-compatible augmentations for XML, I18N (internationalization), XLL [XLink] hypertext linking, style, accessability and tracking. Comments on the proposed DTD are solicited by the authors, Justin Higgins of digitalNation Network Services, and about Pro-Legalization of Drugs Rick Jelliffe. The XML DTD is available online from the website ( and from the 'Chinese XML Now!' website ( LACITO Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles [Linguistic Data Archiving Project]

Boyd Michailovsky (LACITO/CNRS, project coordinateur) forwarded a communique concerning a linguistic data archiving project which uses XML and sparknotes SGML encoding. Principal investigators include Boyd Michailovsky, John B. Overview! Lowe, and Michel Jacobson. Sparknotes! The 'Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles', under the auspices of the larger LACITO programme (Laboratoire de langues et civilisations à tradition orale) and direction from Interntional Students to the United CNRS, concentrates on the encoding, archiving, and distribution of speech data, particularly for rare languages that are researched within the unit. The main source of misery sparknotes, data for the project is the mass of documents recorded and transcribed in pursuit movie, the field by misery, members of the LACITO over the last thirty years. Starbuck’s Strategy Initiatives To Return To Profitable! These unique recordings, mainly of spontaneous speech in unwritten languages, serve as the basis for research on the languages and the cultures concerned. Some of the transcriptions and misery translations have been published, but the original sound recordings have never been published or properly archived. . . An explicit XML (Extensible Markup Language) markup has been adopted for the text materials. In many cases, older documents whose structure is into the wild summary implicit are marked up automatically by misery, program. The interlinearized text (annotated and glossed) is displayed using XSL stylesheets. Siddhartha Hero! Audio portions corresponding to misery, the encoded text are aligned using XML linking elements. . .The structure of the XML documents prepared by the project is defined by a DTD (Document Type Definition); all project documents are validated using public-domain tools. c/o Boyd Michailovsky. 44 rue de l'Amiral Mouchez.

75014 Paris, FRANCE. GedML: [GEDCOM] Genealogical Data in XML. GedML is a way of encoding genealogical data sets in XML. It combines the well-established GEDCOM data model with the new XML standard for encoding complex information. Siddhartha Hero! The result is a representation that can easily be converted to and from GEDCOM, but can be manipulated much more easily using standard tools. See now the document Genealogical Data and XML for information on GedML and other specifications using XML for genealogical information. Newspaper Association of misery, America (NAA) - Standard for Classified Advertising Data. The NAA Classified Advertising Standards Task Force was organized by the NAA Technology Department to the wild summary, facilitate the electronic exchange of classified ads. References to misery sparknotes, the commmitte work and the XML DTD are provided in a separate document.

The International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC) has made an XML version of the NITF (News Industry Text Format) DTD available from its Web site. Description and references are found in a separate document. As of Essay about Pro-Legalization of Drugs, January 1999, a News Markup Language (NML) was under development through the effort of the American Press Institute's Media Center. In a meeting of April 1999, it was decided to incorporate the requirements for NML into the NITF design and development work. Misery! Further information is provided in a separate document. An announcement for a new XML application initiative (Notes Flat File Format Initiative) was posted by Sean McGrath on to the Essay May 14, 1998. NFF is an XML based interchange format for the Lotus Notes/Domino platform. Sparknotes! The NFF DTD supports the majority of the constructs that can occur in Lotus Notes data such as structured fields, rich text, doclinks, import objects and so on.

Once data is in XML conforming to the NFF DTD it can be imported using an import filter (NINFF.DLL) into Lotus Notes using a simple 'File-Import'. The download package includes the necessary software along with a sample application - Timon Of Athens by William Shakespeare in NFF format. Java Help API: The structure of a HelpSet is XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data. . . See Byte Magazine (May 1998) page 108, sidebar So, Help Me, Java. The HelpSet formats in XML were presented in: Introduction to the JavaHelp API. By Eduardo Pelegrí-Llopart, Roger Brinkley, and Nancy K. Lee (Sun Microsystems, Inc.) Presented at JavaOne (Sun's 1998 Worldwide Java Developer Conference). So, Help Me, Java.

From Byte , May 1998: . . . The new Java Help API, currently in beta testing, is an all-Java 'über alles' help system for JavaBean components, applications, desktops, and HTML pages. . . [it's] written purely in Java, [which] means you can embed a help system within an application or compress it into a Jar file for transport to another destination. . To The United! . Java Help permits a single help system to support varying navigational views of help content. . Misery! . The data structure that carries all the siddhartha hero, information needed to provide a view into a help system is bundled into misery, a HelpSet file. Note that there are two loose terms at use here. First, a HelpSet file isn't necessarily a file, in into the wild, the same sense as files that you store on misery sparknotes your hard disk. A HelpSet file could be bound into an application, for example. Second, it's probably more accurate to say that the information is rooted in the HelpSet file. The structure of Luring Interntional Students United, a HelpSet is XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data. The data points to the URLs from which you can find the info necessary to build the help system.

Cold Fusion is a general-purpose Web development system for rapidly building Web applications that integrate browser, server and database technologies. It consists of the Cold Fusion Markup Language (CFML), the Cold Fusion Application Server (NT UNIX) and the forthcoming Cold Fusion Studio, a visual tool for building dynamic Web applications. . . In essence, CFML provides a generalized markup language for handling the richness of programming, logic and integration required to build full-scale applications on the Web platform. It achieves this based on the same inspiration that is driving interest in XML -- simplicity and power. . . Sparknotes! Syntactically, Custom Tags are XML compliant custom markup language elements that allow developers to build reusable components that can be easily dropped into a dynamic Web application. These tags are processed by review, the Cold Fusion server, and misery can dynamically generate and and Internal Initiatives to Return to Profitable execute client and sparknotes server-side code. Press release, September 15, 1997: Allaire Introduces Online Exchange for Cold Fusion Custom Tags. Taiwan Overview Essay! Third-party Custom Tags Extend the Cold Fusion development system with cross platform XML-compatible components.

Cold Fusion and Custom Tags FAQ The Allaire Tag Gallery [August 04, 2000] ColdFusion Markup Language. By Mark Cyzyk. Sparknotes! In WebTechniques Volume 5, Issue 8 (August 2000), pages 74-77. Overview! Consider the selection of server-side scripting languages: The big contenders in this arena are Active Server Pages (ASP) and JavaServer Pages (JSP). Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is also starting to edge in on misery the market. While each is powerful in Strategy and Internal Initiatives to Profitable, its own way, neither of the environments is particularly aesthetic by Gelernter's definition. Performing simple tasks with these technologies often requires a lot of overhead, resulting in misery, code-heavy, convoluted programs. If you're choosing a server-side scripting language, you should consider a fourth option: ColdFusion. Because it acts more like a markup language than a programming language, ColdFusion is an elegant solution for Starbuck’s Strategy Growth embedding code in HTML files. Allaire, the company that also makes the sparknotes, popular HomeSite HTML editor, has a whole suite of ColdFusion technologies consisting of an application server, an integrated development environment, and of course, the markup language. It is this ColdFusion Markup Language (CFML) that competes directly with ASP and JSP.

Within CFML you'll find all the usual conditional logic constructs, data structures, and utility functions available in most mature programming languages. Further, CFML provides tags to easily implement email interactions, LDAP integration, and Luring to the FTP and HTTP agent creation -- functions that other Web application development platforms require third-party modules to support. Finally, the Web application developer can create custom tags in CFML, thereby extending the language's power. Contact: Jeremy Allaire. Document Content Description for sparknotes XML (DCD) [August 10, 1998] International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and Microsoft Corporation have submitted a proposal to the World Wide Web Consortium defining a vocabulary for describing constraints upon XML documents: Document Content Description for XML. References: NOTE-dcd-19980731, Submission to the World Wide Web Consortium 31-July-1998. The document proposes a structural schema facility, Document Content Description (DCD), for specifying rules covering the Essay, structure and misery content of XML documents. Starbuck’s Strategy Growth! The DCD proposal incorporates a subset of the XML-Data Submission and expresses it in a way which is consistent with the ongoing W3C RDF (Resource Description Framework) effort; in particular, DCD is an RDF vocabulary. DCD is intended to define document constraints in an XML syntax; these constraints may be used in the same fashion as traditional XML DTDs. DCD also provides additional properties, such as basic datatypes.

The abbreviation 'DCD' is used to describe both the general facility described in this document and individual schema instances that conform to it. Sparknotes! Editors listed for Interntional Students United Kingdom Essay the document include Tim Bray (Textuality), Charles Frankston (Microsoft), and Ashok Malhotra (IBM). Misery Sparknotes! Other credits: The specification has benefited greatly as a result of input from siddhartha hero David Fallside and sparknotes David Singer, both of IBM, Andrew Layman and Jean Paoli both of Microsoft, and from Lauren Wood of Luring Students to the United Kingdom, SoftQuad. We also wish to thank Henry Thompson of the University of Edinburgh and all the authors of the XML-Data specification. XSchema is the name of a collaborative effort hosted on the XML-DEV mailing list. Misery Sparknotes! The principal goal of the XSchema project is to produce an XSchema specification which, when complete, will provide a means for XML developers to pursuit movie, describe their XML document structures using XML document syntax. The target date for misery sparknotes a complete initial XSchema 1.0 proposal is June 30, 1998. As of June 1, 1998, discussion had resulted in the creation of a list of twelve XSchema Goals, as refined through four draft documents.

This XSchema work was initiated by Simon St.Laurent with the publication of of Drugs, a paper A Proposal for the Representation of XML DTDs as XML Documents and by several supportive postings, including a position paper authored by misery sparknotes, Paul Prescod. During the Interntional Students Essay, initial period of discussion on XML-DEV, the project proposal went under the misery sparknotes, name XSD (Extensible or XML Structure Definitions). [November 03, 1998] Simon St.Laurent and Ronald Bourret report that a final draft of the XSchema Specification, Version 1.0 is now available (November 1, 1998). Essay About Pro-Legalization! Public comments on sparknotes the draft should be posted to the XML-DEV mailing list. General information on the XSchema project is available at Note that this borderlands effort is not part of the Taiwan, W3C work (it parallels work already begun within the W3C, e.g. , XML Data). Misery Sparknotes! Its authors declare that XSchema is Essay about Pro-Legalization not intended to compete with proposals from the World Wide Web Consortium, and they envision that the results may profitably feed into the W3C activity on XML schemas. According to Jon Bosak (XML WG Chair), design work by misery, the XML WG on XML schemas using instance syntax is likely to be re-chartered. Of course, it also bears note that concrete proposals for enhanced 'DTD's using instance syntax have been made by many individuals over the wild book summary the past decade or so. See, for example, references in chapter 8 of The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of HTML and XML by Steve DeRose: SGML: It's 3, 3, 3 Languages in One. Document Definition Markup Language (DDML)

The Document Definition Markup Language (DDML) a schema language for XML documents, and a the successor to XSchema. WEBDAV (Extensions for Distributed Authoring and Versioning on the World Wide Web. WebDAV stands for 'Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning. It is a set of extensions to the HTTP protocol which allows users to collaboratively edit and manage files on remote web servers. WebDAV uses XML. See references in a separate document. Graphic Communications Association - GCA 'Paper' DTD.

For several years, the sparknotes, Graphic Communications Association (GCA) has requested (or required) that papers for GCA conferences be prepared according to guidelines in SGML/XML DTDs. Overview! Conference proceedings volumes, both paper and electronic, are generated from the SGML/XML source provided by the authors. DocBk XML is an misery sparknotes XML version of the DocBook DTD. Interntional Students United Kingdom Essay! DocBook is an SGML DTD maintained by the DocBook Technical Committee of OASIS. It is particularly well suited to books and papers about computer hardware and software (though it is by no means limited to these applications).

References are provided in a separate document. SABLE: A Standard for Text-to-Speech Synthesis Markup. SABLE is an XML/SGML-based markup scheme for text-to-speech synthesis, developed to address the need for a common TTS control paradigm. The SABLE specification evolved as an misery sparknotes initiative to combine three existing speech synthesis markup languages: 1) SSML, the Speech Synthesis Markup Language; 2) STML, the Spoken Text Markup Language; 3) JSML, the into, Java Synthesis Markup Language. The draft SABLE specification is an initiative to establish a standard system for marking up text input to speech synthesizers. Misery! The current draft is movie being circulated for misery comment by users, developers and researchers of speech synthesis. Java Speech Markup Language (JSML/JSpeech) The JSpeech Markup Language is referenced in a separate document. SpeechML from siddhartha hero IBM's alphaWorks Laboratory is a[n XML] markup language for building distributed network-based conversational applications. Together with Guillaume Belrose, W3C's Dave Raggett (on assignment from HP Labs) is misery developing a voice browser to test out ideas for using context free grammars for more flexible voice interaction dialogs.

The applications are written in XML and Interntional to the United CSS using a language we are calling TalkML. Misery! We plan to extend this work to look at how to deal with existing Web content developed for desktop browsers. Some ideas for Taiwan Essay this are covered in misery, a W3C NOTE ['Voice Browsers'] I wrote last year with Microsoft's Or Ben-Natan. The goal is to make it easy to create dual access Web-sites which can be accessed via visual or voice browsers. See also my talk on Style sheets for Voice Browsers, as presented at the Developer's Day at WWW8. TalkML is an Interntional to the Kingdom experimental XML language for misery sparknotes voice browsers, and is being developed by HP Labs for use in the following markets: (1) Call centers (IVR++) -- sales and support services accessed via 800 numbers, adding speech recognition to today's DTMF (touch tone) systems; (2) Smart phones with displays; (3) Access to email, appointments, news and siddhartha hero travel services etc. while your are on the road (in-car systems); (4) Mobile devices too small for decent displays or keyboards, WCDMA palmtop organizers/pagers with low enough cost to be a must-have (like cell-phones). Guillaume Belrose helped to misery sparknotes, devise TalkML and develop the sofware. A NIST project cordinated through MEL (The Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory) at the National Institute of Standards and Essay about of Drugs Technology, under Project Leader Joshua Lubell. The objective of this NIST-sponsored project is to explore the use of XML (eXtensible Markup Language), a standard for misery sparknotes structured document interchange on the Web, for exchanging complex data objects between tasks in a distributed workflow application. In details: The WebWork workflow application development tool kit, created by the University of Georgia with funding from NIST's Advanced Technology Program, supports the building of distributed, web-based workflow applications. NIST has demonstrated the benefits of XML for representing highly structured documents such as product data standard specifications and has shown that WebWork can be integrated with an XML repository.

Leveraging this implementation experience, NIST will extend WebWork to support the exchange of XML-structured objects between workflow tasks. Luring Students United Kingdom Essay! NIST will demonstrate the efficacy of this approach by building a small application to manage a subset of the workflow in ISO TC184/SC4 (International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee 184, Subcommittee 4), an international standards body developing specifications for the representation and exchange of industrial data for misery which NIST serves as Secretariat. SWAP - Simple Workflow Access Protocol. The SWAP (Simple Workflow Access Protocol) working group has submitted a charter to the ETF Application Area Directors and is expected to become authorized by the IETF. Starbuck’s Strategy And Internal To Profitable Growth! SWAP is sparknotes a protocol designed to allow for Taiwan interoperability between workflow systems and between workflow systems and other applications.

SWAP allows for the programmatic initiation of sparknotes, a workflow process by an application, and the exchange of process data and state information between the the workflow process and application. The proposed SWAP protocol defines four primary interfaces, which are used to manage, monitor, initiate and control the execution of into summary, processes on external workflow systems. . . SWAP is not intended to sparknotes, overlap with the WebDAV in any way. They are designed to be complimentary, use the same basic encoding (XML), and in fact use the into book, same commands where appropriate for the same things (getting object properties). Sparknotes! The goals of the two specs are different. WebDAV is for document management: how to check out Taiwan Essay check in, handle multiple versions, lock, unlock, and move documents. There is nothing in WebDAV about misery, applications. SWAP is for starting, monitoring, controlling, and receiving notifications from a remote asynchronous service.

The idea is that you have some application out there that takes a long time to complete, you want to pass it some data and to Return invoke it. This is all about applications development, and almost nothing to do with document management. [adapted from the misery, FAQ and Essay main Web page, by Keith Swenson] See: SWAP references in Asynchronous Transactions and Web Services. SWAP Working Group Simple Workflow Access Protocol (SWAP) The Simple Workflow Access Protocol is a proposed way to solve this problem through use of HTTP protocol, and by transferring structured information encoded in XML. A new set of HTTP methods is defined, as well as the information to be supplied and the information returned in XML, that accomplish the control of generic asynchronous services. Sparknotes! - draft-swenson-swap-prot-00.txt SWAP Main Page SWAP FAQ document SWAP Issues and Strategy and Internal to Profitable Action Items. VSI (V-Systems Inc.), an industry 'Leader in Integrated Fax,' has recently proposed an XML Interface for FAX. XML-F ('XML for FAX'), under VSI's new proposal, would be used for for connecting fax servers to applications, other fax servers, and fax service providers. VSI has outlined a simple method for integrating applications to fax servers using XML, the latest Internet technology for data interchange between applications. Launched at a time when both network fax and sparknotes XML are coming into the mainstream, VSI believes that their proposal, called 'XML-F', has the potential to solve a major issue facing the fax service community. XML-F Specifications (including DTDs) have been written, and are to be released in the near future.

The XML-F interface provides a simple framework for software applications to use in employing a network fax service to send an electronic document to a terminating fax machine. The XML-F interface supports three basic features: 1) Submit a Fax for Transmission; 2) Get Status of a Fax Transmission; 3) Cancel a current Fax Transmission or Request. XML-F employs six XML document types to implement these three features: three requests and three responses. Using a simple request/response model, each feature has a corresponding request and siddhartha hero response document. The request/response model lends itself well to misery sparknotes, internet transports and to applications which might require off-line use. All data is Luring Kingdom Essay formatted as text and binary data is encoded using Base64 encoding. Misery Sparknotes! XML-F can be coupled with internet transports such as TCP/IP and HTTP and security mechanisms such as SSL to provide secure transactions over public networks. XML-F does not imply or require any particular transport, however. XML-F is an pursuit of happyness review open specification that anyone can implement: any fax server or fax service provider, any application software developer, or other party. It is recommended that any public implementation of a server representing this interface fully implement all of the interface, while client systems might opt to implement only those portions which are relevant to the application. [from the 0.1.90 draft]

VSI (V-Systems Inc.) Home Page Press release: VSI Proposes New XML Interface for Fax. Fax over XML Could Solve Key Issues in misery, the Fax Service Community. - Announcement for book summary XML-F. Misery! [also from VSI] Fax Integration using XML. Starbuck’s Initiatives To Profitable Growth! August, 1998. 6 pages. - VSI has created a document that explains how application vendors, fax service providers, and fax servers can integrate using XML and XML-F. [local archive copy] XML-F Specifications. XML-F Preliminary Specification.

Revision 0.1.90, August 1998. 23 pages. - VSI has also created a document that outlines the XML-F DTD's and misery recommendations for use by application developers, integrated and fax server vendors. Into Summary! [local archive copy] Email discussion forum: VSI Contact: Lydia Loizides (Product Marketing Manager) [January 11, 1999] VSI Announces VSI-Fax Gold Series 3.5 -- Introduces Faxing From Outlook. New Outlook Fax Integration Brings Proven Enterprise Fax Capabilities to Popular Messaging Client -- Allows Faxing Right from the Inbox. - XML-F Integration: As the first step in VSI's implementation of XML for fax communications, VSI-FAX 3.5 features the ability to use XML Documents to misery, send, receive, and Starbuck’s and Internal to Profitable Growth cancel faxes, as well as obtain status information. What is XML? - From VSI. [local archive copy] [February 15, 1999] Fax Integration Using XML Technology. By Dave Droman and Gila Jones [V-Systems, Inc.]. In Computer Technology Review Volume XVIII , Number 1(January 1999), pages 28, 32-33. As it stands today, there is no standard means of communicating between (1) fax servers and the applications that need faxing services and (2) among various fax servers or fax service providers across a network, including the Internet. Misery Sparknotes! . . To solve these problems, VSI has created a common faxing interface using XML, called XML-F. As many people now know, XML is a markup language, like HTML, with a vocabulary that consists primarily of 'tags.' HTML was specifically designed for marking up documents to siddhartha hero, communicate how they should be formatted for display on the World Wide Web.

The purpose of XML is far more open-ended, but in general it is a 'meta-language' intended to be used to define other standard markup languages (known as Document Type Definitions or DTDs) that can be used to allow different systems to exchange information in a standard, process-readable format. Misery! Businesses can define their own vocabulary of XML tags and rules that are embedded within the DTD inside the XML document or made publicly available to Strategy Initiatives, any program that wants to sparknotes, comply with the agreed-upon information exchange format. The use of XML-specific parsers eliminate the burden of parsing and validating XML interchange documents, reducing the work and support required to implement an application reading XML. Starbuck’s Strategy To Return! [local archive copy] Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) The main entry for the Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) is found in a separate document. Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML) The ATSC T3/S17 specialist group is in the process of misery, defining the application programming interfaces for a Digital Television Application Software Environment (DASE) compliant receiver. As this process evolves, the elements, attributes, properties, and values of BHTML will solidify. Pursuit Of Happyness! T3/S17 has selected the Java virtual machine (VM) as the application execution engine. As specified by T3/S17, the misery sparknotes, Java VM will be found on all DASE-compliant receivers.

Aninda DasGupta, the T3/S17 chairman, proposed [what] he called 'Broadcast HTML' [which] uses Internet technologies favored by many T3/S17 members: it is written in XML, scales back HTML elements and attributes, and integrates synchronization functionality as new elements, attributes, and style properties. BHTML is an XML compliant language based on a reduced set of HTML 3.2 elements and attributes. Media synchronization functions from SMIL and style elements from CSS 1 and CSS 2 are added to this base functionality (into Broadcast CSS or BCSS). Appendix C of the August 6, 1998 draft (XML-Data Specifying BHTML using the the wild book summary, XML-Data Syntax) represents 'a first pass at defining the sparknotes, BHTML elements and Starbuck’s Growth attributes using the XML-Data (XMLD) notation'. xHTML specifies a collection of document type definition (DTD) sets that can be combined to specify an xHTML-based platform.

Three such platforms are used as examples throughout this specification: w3HTML, bHTML, and cHTML. Sparknotes! xHTML is designed to meet the requirements of consumer electronic and computer manufacturers that wish to produce a broad range of products with various levels of Internet connectivity and product features. Siddhartha Hero! xHTML started with HTML 4.0 and HTML 3.2. Misery Sparknotes! These elements and attributes were converted to into book, XML, in line with the stated goals of the W3C for future HTML. The XML-based markup language was partitioned into DTD sets that correlated with the sparknotes, needs of platform developers to differentiated based on Luring Interntional Students United Essay internet connectivity, memory footprint, and power management. xHTML is written in XML, therefore element names are case-sensitive. Digital-TV Application Software Environments (DASE) - Main Page BHTML Draft Specification - BHTML Draft #2. Document Number ATSC T3/S17 092, prepared for ATSC T3/S17 (DASE) by misery, Ted Wugofski, Gateway. A Modular Hypertext Markup Language for Broadcast Applications.. Prepared by siddhartha hero, Ted Wugofski. 1 Oct 98, Draft #4. [local archive copy] Synchronization and Transitions in Broadcast HTML. Ted Wugofski, Over the Moon Productions. This is an addendum to the Broadcast HTML (bHTML) Proposal in the area of specifying timing, synchronization, and special effects.

The design is based on functional requirements specified in the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) specialist group (T3/S17) that is misery defining the Interntional Students Essay, digital television application software environment (DASE). Misery! [local archive copy] Broadcast HTML Specification - General Information DASE Introduction [August 25, 1998] As Intel-led group sideswipes standards body, Thomson and movie Microsoft roll spec of their own - Debate rages over misery how to bring data to TV. Pursuit Movie Review! By Junko Yoshida. In EETimes Issue 1022 (August 24, 1998). Excerpt: The debate over how to bring data and Internet technologies to digital television will bubble up this week, as a key industry group reconvenes here to discuss a set of proposals that has come under fire. . . Where the ATVEF's technology is based on misery standard Internet specifications such as HTML 4.0, BHTML is written in the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), a new language for advanced Web applications. Essay! BHTML scales back HTML elements and attributes by using parts of HTML 3.2, while it integrates synchronization functionality. The biggest difference between the two lies in the use of the Java software technology. BHTML is designed to sparknotes, be tightly integrated with the Application Execution Engine, or Java Virtual Machine, and the wild book with the Java framework.

See the database entry, Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML). [September 24, 1998] Group Seeks Integrated Multimedia, DTV. By Junko Yoshida. Misery Sparknotes! In CMPNet TechWeb News (September 20, 1998). With a goal to book summary, integrate 2-D, 3-D, and streaming content for digital TV (DTV) programming, leaders from key international technology-development forums gathered [in Leidschendam, Netherlands] last week to misery, launch a new initiative to harmonize the various multimedia streams. Overview! Taking part in the AIC meeting were representatives from the sparknotes, Motion Picture Experts Group, Virtual Reality Modeling Language organization, and Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC). The initiative will 'write an open specification to Students United Kingdom, integrate and sparknotes harmonize VRML, MPEG-4, and Broadcast HTML BHTML into a seamless stream,' said Rob Glidden, co-chairman of VRML 3-D Integrated Media Working Group and one of 12 founding members of AIC. BHTML, written in the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), is Luring Interntional to the United Kingdom Essay designed for tight integration with the Java framework. Pointing to longstanding integration efforts between VRML and XML, as well as between MPEG-4 and VRML, Glidden said, 'This is misery a natural extension of what we have been doing at each of the groups'. The International Standard 12083 presents a reference document type definition which facilitates the authoring, interchange and of happyness review archiving of misery sparknotes, a variety of publications. This document type definition is deliberately general.

It is a reference document type definition which provides a set of building blocks for the structuring of books, articles, serials, and similar publications in print and electronic form. This International Standard is intended to into the wild book, provide a document architecture to facilitate the creation of various application-specific document type definitions. [January 25, 1999] ISO 12083 (AAP, EPSIG) DTDs for article, book, serials, and math are being edited for XML compatability. [November 06, 2000] ISO 12083 is available free in PDF format from sparknotes NISO: ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083 Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup (The standard specifies the SGML declaration defining the syntax used by of happyness, the document type definitions [DTD] and document instances, and a definition for mathematics which may be embedded in other SGML applications). Extensible User Interface Language (XUL) XUL stands for 'extensible user interface language'. It is an misery XML-based language for describing the contents of windows and dialogs. Siddhartha Hero! XUL has language constructs for misery sparknotes all of the typical dialog controls, as well as for widgets like toolbars, trees, progress bars, and menus. User Interface Markup Language (UIML) The User Interface Markup Language (UIML) allows designers to describe the user interface in generic terms, and about Pro-Legalization of Drugs then use a style description to map the sparknotes, interface to various operating systems (OSs) and appliances. Thus, the universality of UIML makes it possible to describe a rich set of interfaces and pursuit of happyness review reduces the work in porting the sparknotes, user interface to another platform (e.g., from a graphical windowing system to a hand-held appliance) to changing the style description.

See the separate document. Commerce XML (cXML) is an open Internet-based standard for e-commerce. cXML reduces on-line business trading costs by facilitating the exchange of Overview Essay, content and transactions over the Internet. Developed in concert with more than 40 leading companies, cXML is a set of misery, lightweight XML DTDs -- based on the World Wide Web Consortium's XML standard -- with their associated request/response processes. XML DTD for Overview Phone Books was published as a Network Working Group Internet-Draft (draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt) in February, 1999. The authors are Max Riegel (Siemens AG) and Glen Zorn (Microsoft Corporation). In addition to providing a DTD, the document describes the information to be included in the standard phone book for roaming applications. All data is described in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for misery sparknotes the phone book. The goals of this document include: 1) Creating a flexible, extensible and robust framework upon which to build a standard phone book; 2) Promoting a standard phone book format, to Essay about Pro-Legalization, enhance interoperability between ISPs and roaming consortia. XML DTD for Phone Books. Proceedings URL. XML DTD for misery sparknotes Phone Books, February 1999.

This version expires on August 15, 1999. Local archive copy, draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt See also: XML DTD for Roaming Access Phone Book. IETF RFC 3017. December 2000. This document defines the syntax as well as the semantics of the information to be included in the phone book for roaming applications. It comprises the information necessary to select the most appropriate ISP and to configure the host to get access to Strategy to Profitable Growth, the network of the provider. The specification consists of a small set of required information elements and a variety of possible extensions. All data is specified in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book. The Data Documentation Initiative.

The Data Documentation Initiative is a Project to Develop an XML Document Type Definition for Data Documentation [germane to misery sparknotes, datasets in the social and behavioral sciences.] See Data Documentation Initiative: A Project of the siddhartha hero, Social Science Community. XML General Articles and misery sparknotes Papers: Surveys, Overviews, Presentations, Introductions, Announcements. The document with Current XML Articles/Papers represents a more mixed collection of references: articles in professional journals, slide sets from into book presentations, press releases, articles in trade magazines, Usenet News postings, etc. Some are from experts and some are not; some are refereed and others are not; some are semi-technical and others are popular; some contain errors and others don't. Misery! Discretion is strongly advised. The articles are listed approximately in the reverse chronological order of their appearance. Publications covering specific XML applications may be referenced in pursuit review, the dedicated sections rather than in the main reference lists. Books on XML are referenced only briefly in misery sparknotes, the following section. They are described more fully in the SGML/XML Books section, and in Students United Kingdom, the main SGML/XML bibliography.

For now, only misery, books already published are listed. See the to the United Kingdom Essay, section on planned and rumored works for books apparently not yet available. A collection of Introductions to XML is provided in misery, a separate document. A more complete XML book list is maintained by about Pro-Legalization of Drugs, Charles F. Goldfarb in All the sparknotes, XML Books in Print. Henning Behme and Stefan Mintert. Initiatives To Return To Profitable! XML in sparknotes, der Praxis: Professionelles Web-Publishing mit der Extensible Markup Language. Bonn: Addison Wesley Longman, [June] 1998. Extent: 328 pages, CD-ROM. ISBN 3-8273-1330-9.

Price: DM 69,90. Neil Bradley. The XML Companion . Harlow, Essex: Addison Wesley Longman, 1998. Extent: 464 pages. ISBN: 0-201-41999-8. Dan Connolly (guest editor). XML: Principles, Tools, and Techniques . World Wide Web Journal [edited by Rohit Khare] Volume 2, Issue 4. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Associates, Inc., Fall 1997. Extent: xii + 248 pages.

ISBN: 1-56592-349-9. ISSN: 1085-2301. Steven J. DeRose. The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of HTML and XML . Electronic Publishing Series, Number 7. Taiwan! Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997. Extent: xxiv + 250 pages, appendices. Misery! ISBN: 0-7923-9943-9. [Chapter 8. XML: A Simple, Standard Subset.] Bob DuCharme.

XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. Extent: xx + 339 pages. ISBN: 0-13-082676-6. Peter Flynn. Understanding SGML and XML Tools.

Practical Programs for Handling Structured Text. . Foreword by siddhartha hero, Steve DeRose. Kluwer Academic Publishers SGML Bookshelf, Electronic Publishing Series. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998. Misery! Extent: xxvi + 432 pages, CDROM. Essay About Pro-Legalization! ISBN: 0-7923-8169-6. Misery! [description] Charles F. Goldfarb and Paul Prescod. The XML Handbook. Foreword by Jean Paoli. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Overview Essay Open Information Management.

The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Misery! Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1998. Extent: xlvi + 642 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-13-081152-1. Ian S. Graham and Liam Quin. XML Specification Guide . New York, NY: John Wiley Sons, 1999. Extent: xiv + 432 pages; with [technical online] 'Supplementary Material and Students United Resources'.

ISBN: 0-471-32753-0. Has a supporting Web site. Elliotte Rusty Harold. XML: Extensible Markup Language. Structuring Complex Content for the Web. Foster City/Chicago/New York: IDG Books Worldwide, 1998. Extent: xxiv + 426 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-3199-9. Rick Jelliffe. The XML and SGML Cookbook. Recipes for misery sparknotes Structured Information.

The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. Pursuit Of Happyness Movie! Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, May 1998. Extent: 650 pages, with CD-ROM. ISBN: 0-13-614223-0. [provisional description] Michael Leventhal, David Lewis, and Matthew Fuchs; with contributions from Stuart Culshaw and sparknotes Gene Kan. Designing XML Internet Applications. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. [Subseries:] The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Book Summary! Goldfarb. Sparknotes! Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [May] 1998. About! Extent: xxxii + 584 pages, CD-ROM. Misery Sparknotes! ISBN: 0-13-616822-1.

Price: $44.95 U.S./$63.00 Canada. Henning Lobin. Informationsmodellierung in XML und SGML . Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, [May] 1999. 250 pages. ISBN: 3-540-65356-2. Richard Light, Simon North, Charles Allen ( et al. ). Presenting XML . Indianapolis, IN: SAMS.NET [Sams Publishing, Macmillan Publishing USA], 1997. Extent: 400+ pages. ISBN: 1-57521-334-6. Sean McGrath.

XML by Example. Building E-Commerce Applications. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. Siddhartha Hero! The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Misery! Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [June] 1998. Extent: xlviii + 476 pages, CDROM. The Wild! ISBN: 0-13-960162-7. David Megginson. Structuring XML Documents . Charles F. Sparknotes! Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [March] 1998.

Extent: xxxviii + 425 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-13-642299-3. Murata Makoto, Atsuhito Momma, and Kyoichi Arai. XML Nyuumon [Introduction to Essay, XML. In Japanese] . Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha, 1998. Extent: 224 pages. ISBN: 4-532-14610-0. Details: see the abstract in English, or the sparknotes, Fujixerox Web site, or bookseller descriptions (1), (2). Simon St.

Laurent. XML: A Primer . Foster City, CA: MIS Press/IDG Books, 1998. Extent: xx + 348 pages. ISBN: 1-5582-8592-X. Also in Korean, Japanese, and Starbuck’s and Internal Initiatives to Profitable Growth Italian translation. Simon St. Laurent and Robert Biggar. Inside XML DTDs: Scientific and misery sparknotes Technical . Starbuck’s Initiatives To Return To Profitable Growth! New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1999. Extent: xii + 468 pages, CDROM.

ISBN: 0-07-134621-X. Simon St. Laurent and Ethan Cerami. Building XML Applications. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, (May) 1999. Extent: 512 pages, 150 illustrations. ISBN: 0-07-134116-1. Ed Tittel, Norbert Mikula, and Ramesh Chandak XML for Dummies. Foreword by Dan Connolly. [Series: For Dummies.] Foster City, CA: IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., 1998. Extent: xxviii + 367 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-0360-X.

XML Mailing Lists, Discussion Groups, Newsgroups. A more complete reference list of discussion groups, mailing lists, and hyer-mailed fora appears in the dedicated document. Sparknotes! Discussion groups focused upon style languages are referenced in the main XSL document. XML-DEV, an XML development mailing list, maintained/organized by Peter Murray-Rust and Henry Rzepa. See the text of the announcement. To subscribe to the digest, mailed on Monday of each week, send email to with the message line 'subscribe xml-dev-digest'. [October 3, 1997] The XML-L mailing list was set up on pursuit of happyness September 30, 1997 as a general discussion of the Extensible Markup Language.

The list owner is Peter Flynn, University College Cork. To subscribe to the list, send email to with the command 'subscribe xml-l [your name]' in misery sparknotes, the body of the message. Siddhartha Hero! For questions about the list, write to the list owners: XML-L-request@LISTSERV.HEA.IE. [July 15, 1998] [Provisional/planned Usenet Newsgroup], comp.text.xml . See the draft RFD (Request for Discussion):, [local archive copy, 980408.] The first call for sparknotes votes was issued on June 23, 1998. On July 14, 1998, Neil Crellin published the results of the Call for Votes (CFV) for and Internal Initiatives to Return Growth a new unmoderated Usenet Newsgroup comp.text.xml . The voting period closed at 23:59:59 UTC, July 14, 1998. The vote passed, 365:22. On December 01, 1998, Ralph Ferris of Fujitsu Software Corporation posted an announcement for a new XLink/XPointer Developer's List. This email forum has been launched in misery sparknotes, order to promote wide discussion of Taiwan Overview, XLink/XPointer development issues. To subscribe to the new xlxp-dev list, send an sparknotes email message to with the following in the body of the message: subscribe xlxp-dev . Information on the W3C's XML Linking Language is accessible in the XLink/XPointer document. [July 20, 1998] A German language discussion group for XML has been set up: XML-DE.

The list is hosted by GMD and DFN, two German national research institutes; this host arrangement is meant to help ensure neutrality in commercial questions and into book summary professional maintainance. The goals of this group are to provide a native German language forum for general XML discussion, to promote XML in the German industry, and to build a pool of sparknotes, experts for know-how transfer. Topics for discussion include core technologies (XML, XSL, XLink, DOM), related standards (SMIL, . Pro-Legalization Of Drugs! ) and software (browsers, parsers, . ). To subscribe to the group, send a mail to with the message subscribe xml-de [firstName lastName] in the body of the message. Misery Sparknotes! See further information in the main entry: XML-DE. xml-litprog-l: Literate Programming with XML List. A mailing list for discussions about how best to use XML/XSL/XLink/XPtr for constructing literate programming frameworks and tools. Organized initially by Anthony B. Coates (Educational Multimedia Services, TEDI, The University of Queensland). As of September 25, 1998, the list moved to an Allette server. See: Starbuck’s Initiatives! To subscribe, send email to sparknotes, See [the database entry XML and about Pro-Legalization of Drugs Literate Programming, the misery, list entry xml-litprog-l - Literate Programming with XML List and] the document SGML/XML and Essay of Drugs Literate Programming.

JXML: Java--XML, the Java and XML mailing list. This list is intended for misery sparknotes discussions relating to Java and XML, particularly with reguard to the following: 1) Java Class and Starbuck’s Strategy Initiatives to Return Growth Bean metadata expressed as XML documents; 2) Conversion of Java Class metadata to bytecodes defining simple, data-only classes; 3) Reversable conversion of Java Object Streams to XML documents while maintaining type safety (JSXML); 4) Description of Jar Resources as an XML document; XML document-driven construction of Jar files (etc.). See the more complete description: Related discussion and development forum: DSSSList, with the DSSSList Archive, sponsored by Mulberry Technologies, Inc. and misery managed by Tony Graham. XSL-List is provided by Taiwan Overview, Mulberry Technologies as a service to the XSL user community and the XSL standardization effort. It hosts discussion of XSL (Extensible Style Language) itself, XSL applications and sparknotes implementation, and XSL user questions. Python XML-SIG: A Special Interest Group for XML Processing in Python. The SIG was created to provide a forum for Taiwan discussion and implementation of tools to make Python an excellent choice for misery sparknotes XML processing.

The goal of siddhartha hero, this SIG is to decide what software is required for misery this purpose, and coordinate its implementation and documentation. See the announcement and the main list entry for details. The Python XML-SIG Status page describes project deliverables and the resources page describes some Python Software for XML. Of Happyness Review! See also the dedicated database section Python for sparknotes XML/SGML Processing. Perl-XML list, a mailing list is dedicated to the discussion of Luring Students United, enhancing Perl's ability to work with XML and for using Perl with XML documents. Send 'SUBSCRIBE Perl-XML' to Send list contributions to:

XML: Working Groups, SIGS, Design and Development Initiatives. [January 28, 2000] SAX 2/Java (beta). David Megginson has posted an announcement for the beta release of SAX2-beta. SAX is the Simple API for XML, a very-widely implemented event-based interface for processing XML documents. The beta release of SAX2/Java is now available for download at

Highlights of the release: (1) Namespace support; (2) Configurability and extensibility through features and properties; (3) A new interface and misery base class for SAX filters; (4) Adapters for using SAX1 parsers with SAX2 and vice-versa; (5) Way too much JavaDoc documentation; (6) Public domain (even less restrictive than Open Source). SAX2 adds standard methods to query and of happyness set features and properties in an XMLReader. It is now possible to sparknotes, request an XML reader to validate (or not to Overview, validate) a document, or to internalize (or not to internalize) all names, using the misery, getFeature , setFeature , getProperty , and setProperty methods. There is pursuit no fixed set of features or properties available for misery SAX2: implementors are free to define new features and properties as needed. Into The Wild! All feature and property names are fully-qualified URIs (often URLs), such as; as with Namespace URIs, people should always define feature and misery property names based on URIs that they control. All XML readers are required to recognize the and Interntional Students to the United Kingdom the features (see below), and to support a true value for the namespaces property and a false value for the namespace-prefixes property: these requirements ensure that all SAX2 XML readers can provide the minimal required Namespace support for higher-level specs such as RDF, XSL, XML Schemas, and XLink. XML readers are not required to recognize or support any other features or any properties, even the core ones. [. ] WRT SAX version 1: Of the core classes and interfaces, only Parser, AttributeList, DocumentHandler, and HandlerBase (which is misery really a helper anyway) are deprecated.

All of the rest -- InputSource, Locator, EntityResolver, DTDHandler, ErrorHandler, SAXException, and into the wild book summary SAXParseException -- are left untouched. [June 01, 1999] David Megginson has announced that an alpha version of SAX2 for Java is now available for download. SAX2 is an update to the widely-implemented SAX 1.0 interface for sparknotes XML parsers. SAX2 consists of two parts: (1) a new, extensible mechanism for querying and about Pro-Legalization of Drugs setting features and properties in SAX parsers in a standard way; and (2) a set of recommended core feature and property names. SAX Home Page, and Microstar mirror site [May 12, 1998] Announcement for the public release of SAX 1.0. See: [May 14, 1998] SAX Parsers and Applications Quick Start for SAX Application Writers [September 25, 1999] SAX C/C++ Implementations: I have just successfully completed a C++ implementation of SAX/SAX2 and DOM, based upon expat. Currently I'm in the process of testing the whole thing ;). Misery Sparknotes! Eventually I will make it available to the public; however, some parts of the implementation use my company's proprietary C++ class library, so certain things need to siddhartha hero, be sorted out misery sparknotes first. Taiwan Overview! Feel free to contact me for more information. Guenter Obiltschnig, Sat, 25 Sep 1999 20:11:21 +0200, XML Developers' List.

Update 2000-08-10: the XML class library for sparknotes C++ is now available as open source at saxlib, a Python version of SAX, with drivers (Lars Marius Garshol) [April 27, 1998] For developers only: SAX 1.0 beta, almost ready for announcement. [April 10, 1998] For developers only: test re-release beta version of SAX, and demo which does the identity transform What is an Event-Based Interface? By David Megginson. Draft Interface Specification for pursuit movie SAX [March 20, 1998] , per misery the posting from David Megginson SAX - Simple API for XML. The SAX API was developed collaboratively during a month (December 1997 - January 1998) of discussion on the XML-DEV mailing list. SAX is Luring Students to the United a simple, common, event-based API for XML parsers written in object-oriented languages like Java, C++, or Perl5 (the reference implementation is in sparknotes, Java). SAX is similar in philosophy to JavaSoft's JDBC -- it allows you to write an summary application once, then plug in any XML parser that has a SAX driver, just as the misery sparknotes, JDBC allows you to plug in any SQL database that has a JDBC driver. See the main database entry, the announcement from pursuit review David Megginson [980112], or the misery sparknotes, Microstar Web site.

References for 'XML and Literate Programming' have been moved to a separate document under the title SGML/XML and siddhartha hero Literate Programming. This document provides a collection of references for literate programming techniques and style in the context of descriptive markup languages, e.g. , SGML, XML, DSSSL, HyTime, etc. Numerous researchers have observed that the goals of information re-use and sparknotes data normalization embraced by both literate programming and SGML-based markup languages provide the basis for using the two technologies together. GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) XML Library. References for 'XML and Python' are provided in a separate document, XML and Python. XML in Luring United Kingdom Essay, Microsoft Internet Explorer. A press release of October 13, 1998 clarified Microsoft's plans for XML support in the MS Windows operating system and in Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. 'XML 1.0, XSL, XML DOM, and sparknotes XML Namespaces'. Support features as announced include: Direct viewing of XML; High-performance, validating XML engine; Extensible Style Language (XSL) support; XML Schemas; Server-side XML; XML document object model (DOM).

Description of into the wild book summary, Microsoft's XML support is provided in a collection of misery sparknotes, references accessible from a separate document. [December 17, 1998] Sun Microsystem's Java Project X: Java Services for siddhartha hero XML Technology is the new name for misery the Java services formerly released as the Sun XML Library. On December 01, 1998, this development project was renamed Java Project X, and Interntional United Kingdom moved to Early Access 2 with API updates, some speedup, and sparknotes minor bug fixes. Java Project X is the codename for a set of Taiwan Overview, core XML-enabling services written completely in the Java programming language. With Java Project X's extensible Java services, developers can build robust yet flexible XML-oriented network services and applications that are internet-ready. This release requires JDK 1.1.6 or later or JDK 1.2, and approximately 3.5M bytes of disk space. Misery Sparknotes! Sun's Java services in this new release provide full XML processing capabilities, including a fast XML parser with optional validation, an in-memory object model tree that supports the W3C DOM Level 1 recommendation, and basic support for JavaBeans integration with XML. The development tools in the Java Project X are freely available, but one must register through the Initiatives to Profitable, Java Developer Connection.

The second early access release is addressed to Java developers who want access to misery, Sun's fast and fully conformant core XML software for their development. The library supports an siddhartha hero optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data. The library is 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and misery that it is Starbuck’s Growth intended that other XML software be layered on top of it. That is, it is a building block for developers. According to misery sparknotes, the Release Notes, the Java Project X library conforms fully with open standards: 1) the into book summary, parsers conform to the W3C's XML 1.0 recommendation; 2) the misery sparknotes, parse tree supports the XML (core) part of W3C's DOM Level 1 recommendation; 3) in Essay, combination, the two also support the misery, current W3C XML Namespaces proposed recommendation; 4) the the wild, parser supports the SAX 1.0 API; 5) the sparknotes, entity resolution used within the parser normally conforms to the IETF's RFC 2376 registration for Starbuck’s Initiatives to Profitable XML-related MIME content types, [but] this can be overridden as required. [September 25, 1998] On September 16, 1998, Sun Microsystems, Inc. released an 'Early Access 1' version of The Sun XML Library. As described by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference, the misery sparknotes, XML Library is a highly modular XML library that has been developed by the Java Software Division of Sun. The XML library is written in the Java programming language and Strategy and Internal Initiatives provides support for the latest version (July) of the W3C DOM APIs and for the SAX 1.0 API.

The XML package includes fast validating and nonvalidating XML parsers, preliminary support for XML Beans , and examples, including an sparknotes XML Validation Service . The September 16th version is the book, first early access release, addressed to Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and fully conformant XML library core for their development of extensible, conformant XML-enabled services and applications. That library supports fast parsing of XML documents, including optional validation, and misery supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data. In addition, the core functionality supports an implementation of the W3C DOM APIs and the XML Namespaces proposal. The library is 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only Taiwan Overview, this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on top of it. All classes are written exclusively in the Java[tm] language, and accordingly may be used with any JDK 1.1 conformant system, including JDK 1.2 conformant systems. Developers have expressed strong interest in seeing XML enabling technology emerge from Sun because of the key role Sun has played in developing the misery, XML specification and in siddhartha hero, creating the Java platform. The Java technology's 'portable code' along with XML's 'portable data' are valuable complements in misery, creating truly platform-independent applications. Through the early access release, developers have an unique opportunity to participate in defining and evolving the Starbuck’s and Internal Growth, XML Library. Misery Sparknotes! [adapted from the Overview Essay, XML Library 'README' and 'FAQ' documents]

References: Java Project X Early Access 2 Release Notes Introduction README document FAQ Document. [local archive copy, 1998-09-25] Library Installation Developer feedback: The Sun XML Library. Presented by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference. How fast is Sun's XML parser included in the core toolkit? In Sun's testing using JDK 1.1.6, the validating parser (doing lots of error testing) was significantly faster than the misery, majority of the non-validating parsers tested and was an Taiwan Overview order of magnitude faster than other validating parsers. Of course, Sun's non-validating parser is faster still. [December 08, 1998] XML and Java Technology - An Interview with Dave Brownell. [Part One] From ['The Source for Java Technology']. December, 1998. XML, the misery sparknotes, eXtensible Markup Language, is the universal syntax for describing and Starbuck’s and Internal to Return Growth structuring data independent from application logic. This past February, XML 1.0 became a Technical Recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). From this milestone, numerous applications of misery sparknotes, XML are popping up far and wide - and more often than not they're using Java technology. We asked David Brownell, designer of Sun's Java Project X, for pursuit of happyness review some perspective. [Excerpt:] Q: Is there some special, natural affinity between Java technology and XML?

A: You bet. Java software is misery portable code . Luring To The Kingdom Essay! XML is portable data. By themselves, neither of these technologies provides such a solution. To get portable data, you need to pick a representation that is usable in most programming languages . like XML, which is structured text. To get portable behavior, you need a maintainable program standard that runs on sparknotes most computer systems . like Java language class files. Starbuck’s Strategy And Internal! Use Java and XML together, and you get both. . . A Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J) Collaborative project for A Standardized XML API in sparknotes, Java (Xapi-J). Includes: (1) Statement on Informal Work on Pro-Legalization a Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J), and (2) Collected Suggestions -- ideas for misery post XAPI-J 1.0 W3C XML/XLL/XSL Working Groups and SIGs. Generally, documents produced by W3C editorial boards, working groups, and SIGS are available only to W3C members. See, however:

XML Development: Technical Documents and Development Resources. Comparison of SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of Starbuck’s to Profitable, SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to XML; 3) SGML Declaration for misery sparknotes XML. [local archive copy] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from XML co-editor Tim Bray. This resource presents the unaltered text of the XML specification in one pane (frame) of the Pro-Legalization, display, augmented by graphically distinct note markers of five types: (1) Historical or cultural commentary; some entertainment value; (2) Technical explanations, including amplifications, corrections, and misery answers to Frequently Asked Questions; (3) Advice on how to Taiwan Overview, use this specification; (4) Examples to illustrate what the spec is saying; (5) Annotations that it's hard to find a category for. A second pane provides the text of the commentary for each linked annotation. Misery Sparknotes! The resource also features a linked list of Terms Defined in XML 1.0, and links to relevant sections of the XML specification from a list of EBNF productions. The annotations (some 308) are accessible from their titles as well.

[March 26, 1999] Supplementary Resources and Tools - A collection of additional resources, not found in the book [ The XML Specification Guide ], that are useful for understanding the XML specifications and Luring Kingdom Essay using XML. Sparknotes! These include [1999-03-26]: (1) A searchable index of Taiwan, all XML specifications (2) A searchable index of EBNF productions (3) A set of XML design patterns -- based on the approach of the same name introduced in object oriented design -- applied here to modeling document architecture; (4) Extracted EBNF for XML - defines, along with the well-formedness and validity constraints, the misery, rules for writing well-formed or valid XML documents; (5) A list of useful online resources. [February 10, 2000] Hyperlinked EBNF Productions Available for XML Standards. A recent posting from Dan Vint reports on book summary a new Web site which contains all the EBNF productions, validation and well-formedness constraints for the following specifications: XML, Namespaces, XPath, XSLT, XPointer, XML Stylesheet PI, and XML Fragments. I have linked together information where the Namespaces or Fragments specification have modified the basic XML productions and I have included all of the misery sparknotes, constraints for each of these productions. The symbols within the productions are linked to to Profitable, their descriptions and all the references to a production are also listed so you can follow the logic in both directions. The menu on the left side needs a little time to build, but once available you can get to any production in alphabetical order by the specification. Misery Sparknotes! Let me know what you think about the pursuit of happyness movie, site and if there is sparknotes anything I should add. [October 01, 1998] Stylesheet Linking.

Associating Stylesheets With XML Documents . Version 1.0 WD-xml-stylesheet-19981001. Edited by James Clark. World Wide Web Consortium Working Draft 1-October-1998. This document allows a stylesheet to be associated with an XML document by including one or more processing instructions with a target of xml-stylesheet in into the wild book, the document's prolog. Pseudo-attributes are used in sparknotes, a processing instruction (href, type, title, media, charset, alternate), or in multiple xml-stylesheet processing instructions. Examples: ?xml-stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? and Overview ?xml-stylesheet alternate=yes href=mystyle.css title=Medium type=text/css? . [local archive copy] XML Catalog proposal. By John Cowan. This is a proposal for XML Catalogs, a system based on SGML/Open catalogs (Socats) for translating XML public identifiers to XML system identifiers, which are Uniform Resource Identifiers [URI].

Note (1999-04-06): 'XCatalog' is misery now called 'XML Catalog'. [May 11, 1998] An earlier proposal [see preceding item] for a standard mechanism to associate a stylesheet with an XML document by means of an XML processing instruction is Luring Students Essay documented in a recent W3C NOTE, Associating Stylesheets with XML Documents. Misery! The NOTE, authored by James Clark, has been submitted to the W3C at the request of the XML Working Group. The Wild Summary! The proposed syntax and misery sparknotes semantics are analogous to the HTML LINK element used to identity stylesheets, as illustrated in the following example: LINK rel=stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css ?xml:stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? . The XML processing instruction uses pseudo-attributes like href, type, title, etc. The examples shown in and Internal to Return Growth, the NOTE are for CSS client-side stylesheets. Document identifier: NOTE-xml-stylesheet-19980405, W3C Note 5 Apr 1998. [local archive copy] [December 01 [13], 1997] Announcement from James Clark for sparknotes a test suite of files for XML processors. The collection of XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 small files that (in my view) fail to be well-formed XML documents, and pursuit movie review should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. See: Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. Also updated apparently February 9, 1998; [local archive copy] [April 03, 1998] David Megginson's book Structuring XML Documents (1998) devotes all of Part 4: DTD Design with Architectural Forms to architectural forms.

Specifically: Chapter 9. Misery! Architectural-Forms Concepts; Chapter 10. Basic Architectural-Forms Syntax; Chapter 11. Advanced Architectural-Forms Syntax. [June 10, 1998] XAF is to Return to Profitable XML Architectural Forms Processor. Accompanying David Megginson's XAF software package is detailed, tutorial-oriented documentation about XAF and misery architectural forms (Using the XAF package for siddhartha hero Java), appropriate for both XML document designers and XML software designers. Adding Strong Data Typing to SGML and misery XML, by Tim Bray. May [21,] 1997. archive copy, May 21, 1997; or: previous archive copy, May 15, 1997]. Note: Jean Paoli of Microsoft has submitted a related proposal in Luring Kingdom Essay, connection with the XML discussion XML for Structured Data [December 06, 1997] Why I Demand Schemata: Element Type Hierarchies for misery sparknotes Transparent Document Structure Definition. By Henry S. Thompson (Language Technology Group, University of Edinburgh).

Draft date: October 15, 1997. Overview: In this paper I describe the XML-Data schemata proposal, concentrating on the motivation for and nature of the provision of an element-type hierarchy, in which element types can inherit attribute declarations and positions in content models from ancestors in the hierarchy. Taiwan Overview! I argue that this represents a major improvement over the use of misery sparknotes, parameter entities to structure and maintain DTDs. [local archive copy] [April 24, 1998] xml:lang resources for parser writers. Contributed by Murray Altheim (Sun Microsystems, SunSoft). Starbuck’s Initiatives Growth! Currently there are XML versions of files providing the ISO 639 (language), ISO 3166 (country), and IANA charset values required for misery sparknotes support of the xml:lang attribute values in XML 1.0. Please direct comments and corrections to the wild summary, Murray Altheim. Misery! These 'xml:lang resources' will be made available later on Sunsite. See other language-code information in the dedicated section, Names of Languages - ISO 639. [May 08, 1998] The 'standalone document declaration' in XML 1.0. Some questions were raised about Overview, its design/use in the XML 1.0 specification. See the collection of misery sparknotes, XML-DEV postings.

[October 02, 1997] Architectural Forms handout from a presentation Java Beans and Architectural Forms, (August 21, 1997 - XML Dev Day), by pursuit movie review, David Megginson: Proposal: Architectural Forms for XML. See the accompanying XML-DEV posting (October 2, 1997); [archive copy] [December 13, 1997] Architecture processing in XML: at the WG4 meeting in Alexandria, Virginia (December 1997), WG4 N1957 was accepted as the proposed text of an amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997 (HyTime). Sparknotes! As a subclause to Annex A.3 (A.3.4.4 Architecture Use Declaration Processing Instruction), the proposed architecture use declaration (arch) processing instruction would provide an alternative form of architecture use declaration for use in environments where notations or data attributes are not supported. The amendment was sponsored by Charles F. Goldfarb, Steven R. Newcomb, W. Eliot Kimber, and Peter Newcomb. See the related posting by Eliot Kimber Architectures, Schemas, and XML: Proposed Amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997, with followup by David Megginson. [N1957, local archive copy] [November 01, 1997] A new submission to the W3C from Electricité de France, Research and Development Division. The STTS2 submission for Students to the United Kingdom Essay Simple Tree Transformation Sheets 2 would in principle govern the transformation of well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser. The submission abstract: This document describes a proprietary specification of Electricité de France. It specifies the format of STTS2 transformation rules that can be applied to a HTML document (without CSS styles) in order to take advantage of the Cascading Style Sheets and remove deprecated HTML elements or attributes in favor of misery sparknotes, CSS. Even if the specification deals only with HTML, this kind of transformation, or an extension of into the wild summary, this specification, can be easily applied on the fly to well-formed XML documents in order to render them in misery, a HTML browser without any XML plug-in or internal knowledge. Interntional To The United! The grammar of this specification is mainly based on the CSS2 grammar and extends it in some ways. [December 18, 1997] Reports from the W3C SGML ERB to the SGML WG and from the W3C XML ERB to the XML SIG.

Complied by C. M. Sperberg-McQueen for the use of the WG and SIG. Covers October 9, 1996 through December 1, 1997. Date: 4 December 1997. [local archive copy] [June 19, 1997] A proposal written by John Tigue of DataChannel for collaborative effort toward XML Java API Standardization. The document title is Informal Work on XML API Standarization for misery sparknotes Java. Since the announcement of this proposal, other leading XML developers have registered their willingness to Essay of Drugs, cooperate. The proposal's first goal is to misery sparknotes, find a lowest common denominator for and Internal to Return to Profitable the current implementations and abstract that to sparknotes, a set of interfaces such that a developer could use this new API independent of an underlying implementation of the XML processor and/or invest in learning the particular benefits a specific implementation provides. See: [January 23, 1998] SGML Exceptions and XML, by Taiwan Essay, Eve Maler (ArborText) - briefly describes SGML exceptions (inclusions and exclusions) and discusses how 'exception users' can handle their DTDs and data in sparknotes, XML, which does not allow exceptions. See the database section: Use (and Non-use) of Exceptions in DTDs. [July 26, 1997] XML-ized ISO 8879 entity sets, by Rick Jelliffe of Allette Systems. The postings were made to the XML Development list.

A typical header comment: This version of the entity set can be used with any SGML document which uses ISO 10646 as its document character set. Taiwan Essay! This includes XML documents and ISO HTML documents. This entity set uses hexadecimal numeric character references. Please report any errors to sparknotes, Rick: Starbuck’s Initiatives To Return Growth! The entities mapped to hex are in the following files: ISOgrk4.pen, ISOtech.pen, ISOdia.pen, ISOlat1.pen, ISOgrk1.pen, ISOlat2.pen, ISOgrk2.pen, ISOnum.pen, ISOgrk3.pen, ISOpub.pen. Available in a concatenated file, or archived as separate files in a .ZIP package. Note the disclaimer. See also the alternate source for XML entity sets, from misery sparknotes James Tauber.

XML BNF, generated by Henry S. Thompson [March 7, 1997] [August 29, 1997] David G. Durand's Five Paragraphs on 'Whitespace in XML', posted to XML-DEV. See also the discussion thread: Revised SGML Declaration for XML 1.0, submitted by Rick Jelliffe [June 27, 1997]. Probably out-of-date. TEI Extended Pointers (Links) tutorial, by Lou Burnard. February 4, 1997.

Part 2 of the XML specification (link) is based in part upon this TEI extended pointer syntax. If you prefer, see this unofficial archive copy as a single-file document. See also chapter 14 of the TEI Guidelines, and siddhartha hero the alternate location of the tutorial on the UIC TEI server, as a single document. [August 28, 1997] Steve DeRose on TEI Extended Pointers vs. XML-LINK. Clarifies the relationship. XML Notes by sparknotes, Dan Connolly,W3C SGML ERB member, and W3C contact for the XML effort. Python module for XML, Perl script for movie checking XML well-formedness [], Converting XML to Lout, XML Typing, XML Modules, etc. Misery Sparknotes! Date: 1997/05/22.

W3C Notes - Some thoughts and software on XML, by Bert Bos. A simpler XML. Date: May 23, 1997. [August 09, 1997] ADT and Marshalling for XML, by Bert Bos. Abstract: This is an attempt at defining XML ( i.e. , XML proper, not the meta-grammar for defining XML applications, nor the hyperlinking conventions) in a formal, mathematical way, that hopefully takes away all ambiguity as to siddhartha hero, what an XML document contains, or what the relation is between the document and its linearized, textual representation. [archive copy] [October 23, 1998] XML and Semantic Transparency. Misery Sparknotes! By Robin Cover. [op - comments requested] The notion of XML conformance is addressed directly in the XML specification (Version 1.0, REC-xml-19980210) section 5. Conformance, which includes a discussion on 5.1 Validating and Non-Validating Processors and another on 5.2 Using XML Processors. Information on the OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee and Testing and Taiwan Validation Resources is provided in a separate document. See the XML/XSL/XLink Software entries in the Public Software section of the misery sparknotes, SGML/XML Web Page for more complete descriptions of these tools. The software tools listed below are free or available for use under nominal constraints, sometimes as evaluation/demo versions.

Software tools specific to XLink and to XSL are listed in their respective sections. Some 'query language' tools are referenced in the document XML and Query Languages. Commercial XML/XSL/XLink software support is provided by the vendors, of course. For other listing of XML software tools, see also: Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , the Free XML Tools and Software from Lars Marius Garshol [ANN], and the XML Software Guide from WDVL. A list of into book summary, SAX 1.0 Parsers and Applications is available on David Megginson's Web site. [ This section under revision ] [January 14, 2001] How to validate XML. This is not an XML parser, but a note of potential importance to developers contemplating XML parser design. From Joe English.

XML validation is an misery sparknotes instance of the regular expression matching problem. Pursuit Movie! The most commonly-used technique to solve this problem is based on finite automata. Misery Sparknotes! There is the wild book summary another algorithm, based on derivatives of misery, regular expressions, which deserves to be more widely known. In this connection, see the discussions referenced in SGML/XML Notion of Ambiguity (non-deterministic content models). Ælfred XML Parser.

From Microstar. A small, fast, DTD-aware Java-based XML parser, especially suitable for use in Java applets. Free for both commercial and non-commercial use. Updated to version 1.2 May 02, 1998. [Updated to version 1.1: 980309]. Interntional To The United Kingdom Essay! [cache copy] Larval.

Larval is a validating XML processor built on the same code base as Lark. From Tim Bray. [October 06, 2000] expat - XML Parser Toolkit. See the announcement for misery sparknotes the release of version 1.2 [2000-10-06]; see also two entries following. expat is a high-performance, fully conforming, non-validating XML 1.0 parser toolkit written C. Essay! Described by misery sparknotes, Clark Cooper 1999-09-03. Comes with Win32 binaries and an xmlwf application. Test version 19990626 supports parsing external DTDs and parameter entities. Updated to version 1.1 29-May-1999. Pre-1.1 test release 1999-04-25. From James Clark, released 980405. Updated to pursuit of happyness, version 1.02, January 11, 1999.

Version 1.0, August 14, 1998 (first production release). Previously updated June 21, 1998; Updated May 14, 1998; and updated 19980504. expat is the successor to xmltok. See the description on misery Clark's server, or in the software page. Note 2000-07, The Thai Open Source Software Center as a source for Taiwan Overview expat. [July 02, 2000] expat - 12-May-00 01:11 145k [cache] [October 05, 2000] expat development on SourceForge.

According to sparknotes, a note from Clark Cooper: Maintenance of the expat XML parser has been delegated by James Clark to a team that includes James, Fred Drake, Paul Prescod, and [Clark Cooper]. SourceForge is hosting this project. [March 21, 2002] A posting from Dare Obasanjo of Microsoft announces the release of MSXML 4 SP 1 (Microsoft XML Core Services). This version 40SP1 (14-March-2002) release offers a number of new features and Starbuck’s to Return Growth improvements over misery the MSXML 3.0, including support for Taiwan the XML Schema language and substantially faster parser and XSLT engine. MSXML 4.0 SP1 is misery sparknotes a complete replacement for MSXML 4.0 RTM. [July 21, 2001] Microsoft XML Parser (MSXML) 4.0 July 2001 Technology Preview.

The Beta 2 release offers a faster SAX and XSLT, complete XSD, etc. XSD validation with SAX; XSD validation with DOM, using the schemaLocation attribute. DOCTYPE replacement using a Java FilterReader/FilterStream. Strategy And Internal Initiatives Growth! From Simon St.Laurent. Sparknotes! DOCTYPEChanger and DOCTYPEChangerStream are Java classes that allow you to change the DOCTYPE declarations as a document is being read into an XML parser. This may be useful in several cases: (1) You want to add a default DOCTYPE declaration to documents that arrive without one to feed them to a validating parser. (2) You want to test documents against a different DOCTYPE declaration than the one they arrived with. (3) You want to prevent document creators from making changes to Luring Students to the Essay, the DOCTYPE your application understands. These classes allow you to set a root element, public identifiers, system identifiers, and an internal subset independently, and also let you specify whether the misery, DOCTYPE declaration should be changed if present. ['It's not real sophisticated, but you might want to Luring to the United Kingdom, check out my DOCTYPEChanger, which lets you specify a DOCTYPE. It's a Java FilterReader (or FilterStream) which strips out the old DOCTYPE (if you insist) and puts in a new one. You can put it in front of an XML parser if you want, or just run documents through it.']

ElCel Technology XML Validator. The ElCel Technology XML Validator is a free command-line utility built using our C++ XML Toolkit. As its name implies, this is misery sparknotes a validating XML processor. It contains complete and up-to-date support for XML 1.0 (second edition and errata) and XML Namespaces. It has been designed to highlight some of the siddhartha hero, strengths of the underlying XML Toolkit, allowing you to judge its speed and accuracy for misery sparknotes yourself. Features include: fast and accurate, proven against the OASIS/NIST conformance suite; XML catalog support for resolution of public identifiers; any number of Starbuck’s and Internal Initiatives to Return to Profitable, files can be validated in one go; validating or well-formedness mode; will report and recover from multiple errors, even 'fatal' ones; user-friendly error messages with optional location arrow; options to support batch processing; input can be via pipes, the sparknotes, local file system or HTTP URLs; freely available for Starbuck’s and Internal Growth both Windows and Linux. Sparknotes! See the online manual. Canonical XML Processor. The ElCel Technology Canonical XML Processor is of happyness movie a free command-line utility built using the SAX 2.0 interface of our C++ XML Toolkit. It implements the canonicalization algorithm as described by the W3C's Canonical XML recommendation. It also implements the original Canonical XML specification from misery sparknotes James Clark.

This is a very useful program for converting valid XML with a DTD into a standalone document. We also use it internally to check the conformance of our XML Toolkit against the OASIS/NIST conformance tests. ObjectStore XML Parser - Microsoft's Java-based XML Parser integrated with ObjectStore PSE PSE Pro for Java. XJParser From DataChannel. Also has advanced query language support through emerging W3C standards support like data typing, XSL pattern matching, and node transformation. The DataChannel - Microsoft XML Parser for Java (Beta 2). Students To The! Includes a validating XML engine, XSL support, and transformations of data. Sparknotes! December 1998 and into the wild book summary later. See the misery sparknotes, FAQ document. [May 07, 1999] Redistributable 'Microsoft XML Parser' - Microsoft Corporation announced the release of the Microsoft XML Parser for incorporation by third-party developers into their applications. DataChannel XML Development Environment (DXDE) and Taiwan Overview DXP XML Parser.

DXP is a validating XML parser written in Java. It is misery sparknotes specifically aimed at providing a utility for server-side applications that need to integrate XML capabilities into existing systems and for out-of-the-browser Java-based software. Updated 980211 or later. IBM XML for Java. XML for Java is Starbuck’s to Return Growth a validating XML parser written in misery sparknotes, 100% pure Java. The package ( ) contains classes and methods for parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents. Last updated 1999-02-10 (version 2.0.0). Updated July 28, 1998 for and Internal Initiatives to Return bug fixes, new samples, additional command line options, and updated API documentation. Released with a free commercial license Version 1.0.0 June 23, 1998. Updated 19980612. Misery Sparknotes! Previously updated May 13, 1998, and Starbuck’s Strategy Initiatives to Profitable updated 1998-04-16.

[December 07, 2000] miniXML parser. David Cox presents a tree-based miniXML parser for XML that is misery sparknotes written in C++ using the Standard Template Library for strings and various containers. The parser works with canonical XML, and book is very fast, though limited to misery sparknotes, smaller XML documents. See the January 2001 issue of Pro-Legalization, Dr. Dobb's Journal . Misery Sparknotes! With code listings and the complete and Taiwan Overview Essay source code; [cache listings, [cache sources] [June 29, 1999] XML Parser for misery sparknotes the C++ Language (XML4C). IBM alphaWorks' XML4C is a validating XML parser written in a portable subset of C++. XML4C makes it easy to Essay about of Drugs, give an application the ability to read and write XML data.

It is a single shared library that provides classes for parsing, generating, manipulating, and misery sparknotes validating XML documents. XML4C is faithful to the XML 1.0 Recommendation and associated standards (DOM 1.0, SAX 1.0). Source code, samples and API documentation are provided with the parser distribution. Version 2.2.0 released 1999-06-25. Version 2.3.1 released August 26, 1999. SP Parser.

SP 1.3.4 released 1999-10-13. SP version 1.3 has better support for XML based on the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to ISO 8879. SP adds support for (XML) documents that are merely well-formed. This is enabled by using -wno-valid . There's also a -wxml switch that warns about Interntional United, various things that are legal SGML but not XML. Update 971013: test release of SP with much more XML support. xmlwf - Clark's XML well-formedness checker, [now] part of XMLTok. A program built with the XML tokenizer that checks the sparknotes, well-formedness of XML entities. See: [971201] And, note that the WebTechs' Validation Service now supports 'XML' - (possibly using this code?).

XXX: eXperimental Xml leXer - from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica). experimental software. the basic idea of XXX is that XML can be parsed using a recursive descent parser made from a highlyparameterized general-purpose lexical analyser. Pursuit Of Happyness Movie! See also XXX Notation Processors. Sun Java Project X [XML Library] parser - a fast XML document parser with optional validation in the core of the Sun Java Project X toolkit. OpenXML Parser - Version 1.0.5 introduces the X3P Publisher API, provides support for XHTML 1.0, and sparknotes offers and major performance improvements. [February 24, 2000] Java pull parser built on SAX. This (XP) package contains a wrapper that converts a pushing SAX parser into a pulling parser and some related classes. Strategy Initiatives To Return To Profitable! Namespace support added 2000-01. From Stefan Haustein. John Cowan announced the availability of a preliminary version of DOMParser (alpha source code).

DOMParser is a compliant SAX parser, except that its input (elements, attributes, and sparknotes so on) comes from Starbuck’s Initiatives to Return to Profitable Growth a DOM implementation rather than an InputSource (XML source code). Silfide XML Parser (SXP), a parser and a complete XML API in Java. Withe other client.server components. XSilfide is a client/server. P. Bonhomme: I have developed an XML Parser in Java and a tree based API which works fine.

I have implemented the whole XML 1.0 (REC 10-02-1998), the XML Namespaces (WD 27-03-1998, the Document Object Model Level 1 (DOM Core and XML, WD 16-04-1998) and both XML links and XML pointers. Updated 980731. RXP - RXP, a GPL'd validating XML parser in C. Sparknotes! The parser program reads and parses XML from the (or standard input if none is provided) and Essay writes it to standard output, optionally expanding entities, defaulting attributes, and sparknotes translating to a different output encoding. Movie Review! Available also with MSDOS/Windows32 binaries. Version 1.0.7 released May 1999. Version 1.0 released 1999-02-17. See also the LT XML entry. Updated 980526, and previously 980216. Xparse: A JavaScript XML Parser - work in progress; in JavaScript (ECMAScript). Watch for 'Sparse, a companion XSL parser.' Updated 980219.

HXP - Hubick's XML Parser. 'Work in progress' by misery sparknotes, Chris Hubick as of Luring Students to the United Kingdom Essay, July 23, 1998. See the associated 'HXA - Hubick's XML Analyzer' tool. Sam Blackburn's freeware C++ XML parser. Sparknotes! In the WFC package (Win32 Foundation Classes). Starbuck’s And Internal Initiatives! In Release 35, entity resolution was added to the XML classes. XMLCheck - a new sample utility that loads an XML file and misery tells you if it is Essay valid or not. XMLParser class and xmllib module in the Python distribution. Expat (XML Parser Toolkit) Module for Ruby. The XML Parser Module for Ruby uses James Clark's expat XML toolkit, Version 1.0. It has two kinds of interfaces (event handler and sparknotes iterator) and supports several encodings (UTF-8 and Interntional to the UTF-16, and misery sparknotes with the 'Uconv' module, EUC-JP, Shift_JIS, and ISO-2022-JP). Version 0.3.3 description.

RUWF - XML well-formedness Syntax Checker with HTML interface, from Built with Tim Bray's Lark parser. XML Syntax Checker - from Frontier 5. Use the blox XML parser based on expat, or the Frontier 5.1.3 built-in XML parser to the wild summary, check well-formedness of an XML document. 'XML-by-hand' (a (non-validating) XML parser written in Java) and parser take two (variant of the earlier parser above which may be more suitable for certain kinds of XML data . . .). XML software from Bert Bos. ISO-to-UTF [UTF-8 or UTF-16] XML Conversion Tool.

From Richard Goerwitz, Brown University, STG. Use this utility to misery, convert an existing XML document in an ISO format ( e.g. , ISO-8859-1) to UTF-8 or UTF-16. Luring Students United Essay! To facilitate autodetection of the document's existing format (as per appendix F to the W3C XML spec), please be sure to prepend a valid XML declaration to your document. See the Open eBook Validator from sparknotes Brown University, Scholarly Technology Group. The Open eBook Validator, a free service provided by Brown University's Scholarly Technology Group (STG) and NuvoMedia, Inc. HEX - The HTML Enabled XML Parser.

From Anders Kristensen (HP Labs, Bristol). HEX is pursuit review a simple, 100% Java, non-validating XML parser with some hooks for mostly correct parsing of misery, HTML pages. It doesn't understand either SGML or XML DTD's but the siddhartha hero, parser API allows the application to control its operation in ways that facilitate HTML parsing. It implements the sparknotes, DOM core level one API and the SAX event-driven API. The HEX parser is freely available, with source code for non-commercial use. It comes with a couple of sample applications. See: the HEX main page.

Delphi XML parsers. 1) CUESoft version ['CUESoft is Luring Interntional Students to the Essay offering free Delphi and sparknotes ActiveX XML components for Starbuck’s Strategy and Internal to Return to Profitable Growth a limited time. . . CUESoft will be adding XML capability to its powerful CUEBase database for providing the ability to misery, index and search large XML document databases']; 2) ICOM Datenverarbeitungs GmbH 'XML Parser Component for Delphi'. . . the of happyness movie review, first version of a XML Parser component for the Borland Delphi development environment. The current version supports all major features of the XML standard. Sparknotes! We will enhance the component to support the full XML standard as soon as possible. Contact:

Whisper Mac/Win32 C++ application framework - 'The Esoterica [layer] includes automata classes, a regular expression class, a compression class (based on zlib), a simple text parser, a more complex parser (it builds parse trees), and a validating XML parser.' MuXML - An XML Document Multiplexor. The Wild Book! MuXML is a prototype Perl module that implements configurable multiplexing of XML document streams accessed via the LWPng module and parsed using the sparknotes, XML::Parser module. Pursuit Of Happyness Movie Review! Its returns its results using the misery sparknotes, XML::Grove module. Its primary purpose is to serve as a demonstration of the use of non-blocking design approaches with XML and Essay about Pro-Legalization of Drugs Perl. . . Misery! MuXML is and Internal to Return to Profitable a demonstration of the utility of the misery, partial parsing capability that Clark Cooper added to the 2.22 release of XML::Parser. From Gabe Beged-Dov. [local archive copy] PHP XML Parser Functions. PHP - Hypertext Preprocessor. Luring Interntional Kingdom! PHP Version 3.0 is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of misery sparknotes, unique PHP-specific features thrown in.

The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically generated pages quickly. See the PHP Manual [Section] XLVIII. XML Parser Functions. Overview Essay! This PHP extension implements support for James Clark's expat in sparknotes, PHP. This toolkit lets you parse, but not validate, XML documents. It supports three source character encodings also provided by Students Kingdom Essay, PHP: US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1 and UTF-8. UTF-16 is misery sparknotes not supported. This extension lets you create XML parsers and then define handlers for different XML events. Each XML parser also has a few parameters you can adjust.

See further the PHP3 Manual. Erlang XML parser. - (pre) release of an experimental XML parser. . . Luring Interntional To The United Essay! This parser has 5 Erlang modules. By Joe Armstrong. ['Erlang is a concurrent functional programming language suitable for implementing large systems with soft real time demands.'] XML Document Editing, DTD Editing, Stylesheet Editing, Formatting, Browsing, and Delivery Tools. XML in MS Internet Explorer - XML Browser support in Internet Explorer. XML in Mozilla - XML Browser support in Netscape.

XED - A WYSIWYG XML instance editor. From Henry S. Thompson, 980318. Updated 1999-09-13 [FreeBSD, Linux, WIN32, and Solaris 2.5 versions]. Updated to misery sparknotes, version 0.5 1999-07-20 [local archive copy]. Updated to beta July 12, 1998.

Updated to 'final alpha' 980427. Updated to alpha version 980402. XML Editing Mode in PSGML. XML patches from David Megginson. Version 1.2.0 (XML support, beta) 1999-10-13. See: 'PSGML Tricks', by Starbuck’s to Return Growth, Bob DuCharme. . . . [including] an Acrobat file with the 99-page chapter on using Emacs with PSGML, the SGML/XML mode for Emacs. The Web page also has a link to a page of PSGML tricks contributed by various users, and I'm always happy to sparknotes, add new ones. [1999-10-14] Kai Grossjohann described a problem with incompatible system identifiers when using psgml to edit XML documents; David Megginson supplied the lisp code for Starbuck’s Strategy to Profitable Growth a provisional fix. Note: Unicode encoding for misery sparknotes GNU Emacs - If your file is encoded in UTF-8, you can use the Unicode encoding package for Emacs ( otfried/Mule/) so that characters beyond US-ASCII are displayed properly. Strategy Initiatives To Return Growth! (I keep meaning to write a hook for psgml so that it can use the XML declaration to set the encoding automatically, but for sparknotes now it's easy enough to use `C-x C-m c' before opening the file to set it manually. [XSL List] See the source for PSGML version 1.2.2. [PSGML version 1.2.3, November 8, 2001, cache] [December 06, 1999] XFA Edit - An Advanced XML Editor. A new XML editing tool with source code is available, as announced: XML For All Announces XFA Edit, an Advanced XML Editor. And Internal To Profitable! - XML For All, Inc. today announced the release of XFA Edit, an advanced text editor for XML and HTML documents that runs under Microsoft Windows operating systems. AuthorIT - According to the AuthorIT folks, the next version, to be released in about two weeks [ca 2001-01-19], is sparknotes supposed to have full XML output implementation.

XRay from Architag International. (1) Can be used to create any XML document: [XML documents, XSL Stylesheets, XML Schemas, Document type definitions (DTD)]; (2) Support for XSLT: [XSLT transformation window updates with every keystroke See changes as you type Multiple windows are allowed for siddhartha hero each XML document Full XPath support]; (3) Fully validating XML editor: [Verifies well-formedness, Validates structure according to DTD, Validates structure and datatypes according to XML Data schema]; (4) HTML Viewing Window. Interactive Authoring and Display System (IADS). The IADS program distribution includes an XML DTD. The IADS Software is classified as a Class 3 IETM package, however, IADS has the capability of producing a Class 4 and 5 IETM. IADS uses SGML as its underlying text format. WYSIWYG editing is now provided which allows text entry, graphic manipulation, tag insertion, and misery sparknotes modification within the context of the formatted display. This mode is turned on or off using the 'Edit mode' option under the 'Authoring' menu. The DTD (if specified in the DOCTYPE) is loaded, processed, and its rules stored for use when inserting or editing tags in the document. Starbuck’s And Internal To Return To Profitable! The tag editor dialog box will only allow tags and tag attributes to be inserted that are defined in the DTD. 'Currently [2001-10], IADS is the only software able to parse and display IETMs meeting MIL-STD-40051A.' Contact: ([Neil Frazier] IADS / Publications Services, US Army AMCOM).

jEdit for misery sparknotes XML - jEdit has an Interntional Students Kingdom Essay easy to use interface that resembles that of many other Windows and MacOS text editors. jEdit is sparknotes extremely customizable, and has an Taiwan Essay extensive feature set, that includes, among other things: Syntax highlighting for 46 file types; Auto indent with support for intelligent indent in Java, C and Python source; Search and replace with support for regular expressions, and searching in multiple files; Bracket matching; Abbreviations; Multiple clipboards; Rectangular editing; Split-window operation; Word wrap; Macro recording; BeanShell scripting. See also Thomas Passin's comments. XMetaL from SoftQuad Software. Is shipping as of misery sparknotes, 1999-05-26. Essay! Was in beta (1999-03). [October 14, 2000] [Star Division / Sun] StarOffice. See StarOffice and XML for anouncement of source code and StarOffice XML DTDs. Earlier StarOffice entry (1999): The Sun product is expected to support XML -- in misery sparknotes, light of a Webcast statement by Star Division's Marco Boerries to the effect that XML specifications created as part of the StarPortal initiative would be submitted to the W3C, and that the APIs would be submitted to of happyness review, ECMA.

An article by Stephen Shankland in sparknotes, CNET offers the same hint from an interview with Marco Boerries: In line with the plan to become more open, Star Office file formats eventually will become XML, and the standard for interacting with it will become published openly and contributed to the ECMA standardization group. Possible hints of some SGML pedigree in a couple help files: one shows that the Starbuck’s Initiatives to Profitable Growth, color of misery, SGML can be changed for display purposes, and another shows that SGML is in the glossary. [credits kd] Note: As of 2000-07, is the open source project through which Sun Microsystems is releasing the technology for Starbuck’s Growth the popular StarOffice productivity suite. a principal goal is the establishment of open, XML-based standards for office productivity file formats and language-independent bindings to component APIs. [January 04, 2000] epcEdit - A full-featured SGML/XML editor, which makes extensive use of the TkSGML library included in the epcEdit package. The epcEdit package consists of: (1)the source code of epcEdit, which is misery written entirely in Overview, Tcl/Tk. If you have some programming experience, it will be easy for you to adapt epcEdit to your needs; (2) the misery, TkSGML widget library (binary) and documentation.

TkSGML is an SP-based SGML system that could best be described as a generic toolkit for building integrated SGML applications. epcEdit supports Unicode for SGML and XML documents; internally handles all data as UTF-8; Release 0.92 contains a very early version of a WYSIWYG editor for CALS tables. Support for HTML tables will be added later. See the technical description. XMLware - Java based editor that ses the parser XML4J from IBM; a validating and and Internal Initiatives to Return specifying editor based on the DTD definition. Download evaluation version. EditML - EditML is misery sparknotes a windows based editor for creating well-formed/valid XML documents.

The document can be a data file, schema file or a stylesheet. It is based on Microsoft's MSXML parser conforming to XML specification 1.0 (W3C standard). Interntional Students To The Kingdom Essay! By Saravanan Lakshmanan. DocZilla XML/SGML Browser. Misery Sparknotes! See the announcement for DocZilla SGML/XML browser for WinNT/95/98 and the wild book Linux [1999-06-03]. Envision XML - An industrial strength XML schema development tool. Has a fully graphical interface and a central data dictionary; well suited to larger development teams; designed to sparknotes, reduces the Luring Interntional United Kingdom Essay, need to learn complex syntax. Contact: James Knowles. GO. GO is misery a [GNOME] word processor with a plugin system, hyphenation and pursuit of happyness movie review justification, undo system, an xml file format, printing, and other features.

From Chris Lahey. AbiWord - a full-featured word processor, he first application in a suite from AbiSource, Inc. Sparknotes! which is developing a cross-platform, open-source office suite called AbiSuite. 'Why does AbiWord use XML as its native file format? Because we like XML.' See the Taiwan Overview Essay, AbiWord DTD, cache; also XML Schema for AbiWord Markup Language, cache. KWord - a Linux-based word processor that uses XML for its native file format. Sparknotes! A FrameMaker-like wordprocessor of the KOffice. Frame oriented, not page oriented. Morphon XML Editor, based on Java. To The Kingdom Essay! From Lunatech Research.

Beta 1 version 1999-06-28. Also: Documentor from Excosoft AB. Evaluation version available for download. Sparknotes! See screenshots.

[September 30, 1999] Stilo recently announced an Essay of Drugs introductory offer [reduced price, 'try and buy'] for its Stilo WebWriter, described as a comprehensive editor for creating XML. sxml-mode for (X)Emacs. From Philippe Le Hégaret. Misery! This emacs mode uses psgml-1.0.1 and font-lock (with a Java Virtual Machine) to of happyness movie, 'validate' XML documents with SAX (The Simple API for XML) in Emacs. LiveDTD. Misery! a perl program which converts an SGML/XML Document Type Definition (DTD) into a hypertext document.

See the announcement. Visual XML - alpha version 980406, designed to Pro-Legalization, assist in the creation and editing of XML documents, including DTDs. From Pierre Morel. An application written in Java, with support for internationalization and customization ( e.g. , Metal, Windows, Motif interfaces) features. Adobe 'ReadXML' for FrameMaker Sample Code. 'ReadXML' is sparknotes a sample plug-in that demonstrates reading XML into Strategy and Internal to Profitable, FrameMaker+SGML 6.0. This plug-in parses XML and outputs an SGML document. The resulting SGML document is passed to FrameMaker+SGML's built-in SGML parser.

Note opnly a sample as of 2001-01-05, not fully functional and will not correctly handle most XML files; its purpose is to illustrate how a developer could create a robust XML-based solution. XML Authority - a graphical design tool accelerating the creation and enhancing the misery sparknotes, management of schemas for XML. With support for data typing, solutions for about Pro-Legalization of Drugs data interchange and document oriented applications converge. XML Authority includes a toolset to misery, help convert existing application and document structures to Strategy and Internal to Return, schemas, defining the basis for sparknotes well formed XML documents and enabling valid XML. Siddhartha Hero! Beta, 1999-03-25.

Zveno Swish XML Editor - Swish is a non-validating XML document editor. It allows the user to view and edit a XML document in both a tree-mode and sparknotes a document-mode simultaneously. Linux, Windows 95/98/NT and Macintosh PPC. Students Kingdom! Version 1.0 beta 1 released 1999-03-27. Emilé - XML Editor for Macintosh. Version 1.0 1999-06-10.

An introductory price of $79. A demo copy of the editor can be downloaded from the company's website. HyBrick SGML/XML Browser. HyBrick is an advanced SGML/XML browser developed by misery sparknotes, Fujitsu Laboratories, the research arm of Fujitsu. Into The Wild Summary! HyBrick is based on an architecture that supports advanced linking and formatting capabilities. HyBrick includes a DSSSL renderer and XLink/XPointer engine running on top of James Clark's SP and misery sparknotes Jade. See also the announcement. SixPack - an open source code XML editor for Macintosh designed in REALbasic. includes an XML parser (that complies to the XML 1.0 specification as a well-formed processor), a set of classes that emulate the DOM, and a variety of visual components for editing and displaying XML documents. all in 100% native REALbasic. Microsoft XML Notepad. A simple prototyping application for HTML authors and developers that enables the rapid building and editing of movie, small sets of XML-based data.

Validates instance against an XML DTD at load time. First released 980722. DTDGenerator - XML DTD Generator. From Michael Kay (ICL). SAXON DTDGenerator is a program that takes an XML document as input and sparknotes produces a Document Type Definition (DTD) as output. The aim of the program is to give you a quick start in Taiwan Overview, writing a DTD. [19980505.] Note 2000-01-05: DTDGen is now part of SAXON. DTDGenerator Frontend - A perl script written by misery sparknotes, Paul Tchistopolskii, as a frond end to Michael Kay's DTDGenerator. Near Far Designer. - An XML and SGML DTD authoring tool; visual, drag-and-drop interface.

tdtd - Emacs Major Mode for editing SGML/XML DTDs. Siddhartha Hero! Updated [version 0.7] March 15, 1999 or later. Previously updated (version 0.6) 980801. Previously updated (version 0.5) 980524. XML Spy - a professional validating XML editor that provides three integrated views on XML documents: an enhanced grid view for structured display and editing, a low-level source view with syntax coloring, and an integrated browser view that supports CSS and XSL style-sheets. Detailed find, replace, and print options are available in all views. Misery! Complete Unicode and character-set encoding support is the wild book summary included. XML Styler - ArborText tool for misery sparknotes creating and modifying XSL stylesheets. MIOW browser - miow can render XML documents, using CSS style sheets; XSL is Essay of Drugs not yet supported [soon-to-be-released, 1998-08-26] XSL Authoring Studio, from ContentWare.

Soon to sparknotes, be available in alpha version on the Web. It was demonstrated by Ray Cromwell and Essay Shawn O'Connor at 'XML: The Conference' Developers' Day, March 27, 1998. The tool as shown also supported an misery XML document instance editor from which the XSL stylesheet editor may be launched. It uses Lark and DocProc. XSLJ - Henry Thompson's XSL-to-DSSSL translator. Updated: 980112. PrismEd. A configurable metadata editor which will cope with structured metadata values; reads and writes RDF. Written in Java 1.1 (1.1.6), and can be run either as an about Pro-Legalization of Drugs applet or as an application.

Announced 1998-09-05. Link - The tool ' Link is an XML-XSL-XLL browser'. Link is sparknotes a simple application written in Java that allows a user to view XML documents with XSL stylesheets and Luring Interntional to the Essay XLL hyperlinking. [April 09, 1998] JBX - Java XML Browser - JXB is a project to create a web browser in Java for the Extensible Markup Language (XML). Under development by Chris Hubick [now discontinued?]. [May 14, 1998] IRIS XML EDITOR, beta 1 and IRIS XML DTD GENERATOR, from innovation Partners and misery CEI (Cabinet d'études Informatiques). Strategy Initiatives To Return To Profitable! Demo/Beta-1-ware. Jade - DSSSL engine. The latest distributions include SP and other applications with XML support.

XML Flow Object Tree backend: The -t xml option makes empty elements and misery sparknotes processing instructions use the XML syntax. Pursuit Of Happyness Movie! Jade 1.2.1 updated October 13, 1998. SGML/XML Kit - The SGML/XML Kit is a browser add-on that transforms SGML/XML documents into displayable entities; [it] is based on a DSSSL script engine. XML Application Environments, Development Toolkits, Conversion. SAX - the Simple API for XML. Misery Sparknotes! SAX is of Drugs a common event-based XML API now in use by many parsers and applications. David Megginson is the sparknotes, project leader. See also the of happyness review, references above. Version 1.0 released May 12, 1998. SAX 2/Java (beta). Released by David Megginson 2000-01-28.

DAE SDK and misery DAE Server SDK (w/ XML processor for Starbuck’s to Return to Profitable Growth building groves from XML documents) - Copernican Solutions. [SAXDOM renamed 'FREE-DOM' as of 19980505] - see the following entry] SAXDOM - An implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API using Simple API for XML (SAX). From Don Park. See the main page. Updated 980504 to sparknotes, support the 04/16/98 DOM spec. Updated 980406 to support the DOM specification of 03/18/98, WD-DOM-19980318. Docuverse DOM SDK. Supersedes FREE-DOM, above From Don Park.

Docuverse DOM SDK is an implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API in Java. Formerly 'FREE-DOM' and before that, called SAXDOM. Updated September 06, 1998. Updated July 21, 1998 to support the DOM version of 19980720. C++ LGPL'ed Implementation of the Document Object Model (DOM) - From ÁNOQ of the Sun [Johnny Andersen]. 980818 DOM spec, . . . written for Overview Essay the Berlin project. Berlin uses CORBA, but this DOM implementation can be used both with and without CORBA. . . . implements most of the core DOM API according to the DOM specification from 1998-08-18. There are still a few methods missing and misery some components doesn't behave correctly yet.

The document type components are not implemented yet. It should however be possible to about of Drugs, build a usable DOM tree with this implementation. XML Testbed. An XML application environment written in Java. From Steve Withall. . uses an XML configuration file to define the (Swing-based) user interface; includes its own non-validating XML parser (though it can use any SAX parser instead), a nascent XSL engine (to the old submission standard - just in time to be out of date), and a few other odds and sparknotes ends. SAXON - a Java class library for XML Applications.

The SAXON package is a Java interface for processing XML documents. It provides a set of pursuit review, services that are particularly useful for applications performing XML- XML or XML- HTML transformations. From Michael Kay. Version 4.4, 1999-07-14; Version 4.3, 1999-06-15. Updated 1999-02-16. Misery Sparknotes! Earlier: Updated October 20, 1998. Starbuck’s And Internal To Profitable Growth! Updated September 01, 1998.

Updated 980721 to use the new Free-DOM release of July 21, 1998. Was updated 19980616. [Previously updated: 980513.] XAF - an XML Architectural Forms Processor. XAF is sparknotes a Java-based XML architectural forms processor that acts as both a SAX application and a SAX parser. Pursuit Of Happyness! . Sparknotes! . the client application sees the (virtual) architectural document instead of the actual XML document. From David Megginson. ExCost. ExCost is for 'Expat and Cost'.

Uses an pursuit of happyness extension to TCL that allows it to sparknotes, parse ESIS file and handle output in a event or tree driven behaviour. It provides about the same functionality as Cost [Copenhagen SGML Tool, from Joe English], but for XML. XML-DBMS - a set of Essay, Java packages you can use to transfer data between XML documents and relational databases. DB2XML - a tool for transforming relational databases into XML documents. Delta XML - Monsell's standalone tools for comparing XML documents and comparing complex data in XML. identify and monitor changes to XML documents and data files. Misery! Similar tools from IBM alphaWorks: (1) XML Diff and Merge Tool; (2) XML TreeDiff. WebBroker: XML for Distributed Computing - under development by John Tigue.

The goal is to come up with a unified software object model for the Web. Taiwan Essay! See slides from XML'98 in misery, Seattle and the database entry. PLSXML From Oracle. a set of PL/SQL-based XML utilities and demonstrations. The PLSXML Suite consists of: (1) DBXML - For generating rich, nested XML documents from SQL queries; (2) DBDOM - For creating, parsing, traversing, and searching XML Documents using the Luring Students to the Essay, Document Object Model API; (3) DBXSL - For generating a database-driven XSL stylesheet for a tree-rendering of data. LT XML - XML toolset. LT XML is a set of misery, C programs for manipulating XML files and a C application program interface (API) designed to ease the writing of C programs which manipulate XML documents. Pro-Legalization Of Drugs! Updated to misery, version 1.0 980624.

Previously updated 980508. OmniMark LE 4.0 Preview - a special early release (for Windows 95/NT only) that previews the enhanced XML functionality in the new, soon-to-be-launched full version of OmniMark 4.0; LE is a free product. XML Script - an XML compliant language designed to handle XML with a minimum of overhead. X-Tract is a freely available XML Script processor. From DecisionSoft Ltd. Contact: Paul Warren. [Notice posted for] a [script] conversion from siddhartha hero RTF to 'XML' [viz., SGML] that uses OMLE, rather like Rainbow, plus CALS tables support. The RTF2XML filter, formerly RTF2SGML, has been enhanced in version 0.4 for handling XML, including built-in support for Unicode RTF. Requires OmniMark or OmniMark LE from OmniMark Technologies, Inc. See RTF2XML, or the local archive copy.

MajiX - Java compliant tool from Tetrasix, automatically transforms RTF files (Microsoft Word files) into XML. converts RTF styles and some document characteristics into a XML file conforming to a document type definition DTD. The names of the tags may be changed by the user. Majix version 1.1 is the third release; it corrects some bugs from sparknotes version 1.0 and provides support for XSL through James Clark's XT. Summary! With online documentation. xtr2any - 'configurable filter, easy-to-use XML transcoder for misery sparknotes prepress departments.' A Linux command or as a Win32 console application. Download the (restricted) demo version.

masterplan - a convertor generator; you'll need gcc, bison and flex or equivalents to build both the executable and the convertors. Version 0.0.1 (1999-03-29). From: Paul Janssens. XML Enabler - a Java Servlet that converts XML-tagged data into HTML using different stylesheets for different browsers. From IBM.

See the white paper, Accessing XML on the Client. XTAL (XML Translation for AntLr) is a general conversion tool for XML and SGML. ANTLR and Java serve as basis and description language. From Oliver Zeigermann. MetaMorphosis - SGML/XML Tree Transformer.

MetaMorphosis is a target-driven SGML/XML tree transformer that uses a declarative language. Ace utility program. Ace is a freely available scripting language which allows powerful manipulation of SGML and XML documents. XTL - A C++ XML toolkit with DOM SAX support. OpenXML - An open source, pure Java, commercial-grade, fully featured framework for siddhartha hero XML-based applications.

OpenXML covers the entire cycle of XML documents production, processing and delivery for dynamic content publishing and application to application communication. Updated 1999-04-01. Latex to XML Converter - This converter takes a latex file (*.tex) from misery your directory and outputs an XML file (*.html) to the browser. Starbuck’s Initiatives! The math modes in sparknotes, latex are converted to siddhartha hero, MathML (Mathematical Markup Language). To view the output, you will need to download the sparknotes, W3C test-bed browser Amaya. From Ashes Dhanna Ganguly.

Extensible Protocol (XP) - a bidirectional protocol on which XML documents are exchanged between two endpoints. Interntional Essay! The com.thinlink.xp package implements XP draft 00 using stream sockets and misery sparknotes the IBM xml4j processor. It uses an event-listener interface and of happyness review the Document Object Model to send and receive XML documents. From Tom harding. Implements IETF 'draft-harding-extensible-protocol-00.txt'; [local archive copy]. See: Extensible Protocol. See also: XML tools in Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and sparknotes Vendors , SGML TOOLS - By Tool Category

Main entry for to the Kingdom W3C Recommendation 'Namespaces in XML' (REC-xml-names-19990114) and sparknotes its commentary: Namespaces in XML A Proposal for Namespaces in XML, by Henry S. Thompson. Language Technology Group, HCRC, Edinburgh. May 27, 1997. Overview: . . .a quite simple proposal for namespaces, lighter weight than those seen heretofore, but admittedly NOT valid SGML as things stand. I think its light weight, flexibility and functionality commend it. See also a free-form XML version submitted to the W3C SGML WG list. [HTML mirror copy] [June 06, 1998] A Proposal to Essay of Drugs, Introduce 'Module' Structures into SGML. By Toru Takahashi. Misery Sparknotes! ISO/IEC JTC1/WG4 N1987. 98-05-15.

Supersedes WG8 N1873. Siddhartha Hero! From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. One reason of this difficulty comes from SGML's restriction on sparknotes namespaces. Strategy To Profitable Growth! For element type names, SGML allows only sparknotes, one name space throughout a document. This restriction means, that if you intend to Taiwan Overview Essay, design a new DTD, you have to be familiar with all the element types you wish to use to construct the DTD, and have to select their names very carefully to avoid name conflicts. This lack of misery, modularity makes difficult to use separately designed declaration sets (DTD fragments) in mixture to build up a complete DTD. For example, if you want to use pre-defined declaration sets for 'tables' and 'math expressions' together to construct your own 'report' DTD, you have to examine whether there are any name conflicts between them or not.

If there are any such conflicts, you have to modify several declarations. This restriction in name space makes impossible to treat these declaration sets as public (read only) texts. Similar problems may occur on the parameter entity names. To solve these problems, I propose to introduce the Luring to the United, concept of 'Module' into SGML. [local archive copy] [See preceding entry] Relative (also) to 'namespaces' in XML: A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into SGML [namespaces], by Toru Takahashi. 12 November 1996. From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. One reason of misery, this difficulty comes from SGML's restriction on name spaces.

For element type names, SGML allows only one name space per document. . . [mirror copy], also available as Web Architecture: Extensible Languages. W3C Note 10 Feb 1998. NOTE-webarch-extlang. By Tim Berners-Lee and Taiwan Essay Dan Connolly (W3C). This document is meant to be a fairly explanatory synthesis of the requirements for namespace extension in languages on the web, and in particular for the general language planned to be the common basis of many future applications, XML. It was originally written as part of the 'Design Issues' series of notes. Whilst technically the personal opinion of the sparknotes, authors, it their best attempt as technical coordinators at outlining common architectural principles for W3C development. [local archive copy] xml-bind - XLinks from Types and Names.

By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note 13 March, 1998 (Note-xml-bind-19980313). This document is a NOTE for discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. Essay! It is misery primarily an alternative to the wild book summary, the namespace proposal and a contribution to sparknotes, defining XLink requirements. RDF and XML-data designers may also find it relevant. [Abstract:] Current linking systems are based on links from elements ( i.e. , instances of element types in a document). This paper holds that several of the technologies under development by the W3C working groups are better characterized as links from types and names. Suggestions are made for a general architecture to handle this, and for how this can be integrated into XLink. Namespaces, parts of RDF, and into book summary SGML Open Catalogs are re-characterized as XLinks from misery types and names. [local archive copy] A Cut and Paste Infrastructure for Essay XML. By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note-xml-cnp-19980131, Note 1-February-1998.

This document is a NOTE for discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. It is a personal critique of XML 1.0 PR, especially in the light of the namespace proposal, RDF and XML-data. It may be seen as a contribution to user requirements for an XML 1.1. XML Cut'n'Paste is a proposal for various conventions which address many sophisticated uses in Extensible Markup Language (XML) while retaining true to misery sparknotes, its underlying model, as an application of SGML. [local archive copy] Comparison of SGML and XML. Luring United Essay! By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and sparknotes SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to XML; 3) SGML Declaration for XML, in Starbuck’s Initiatives to Return, two variants: (a) one which takes advantage of the Extended Naming Rules Technical Corrigendum to ISO 8879, but does not make use of the Web SGML Adaptations Annex; (b) one which takes advantage of the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to misery sparknotes, ISO 8879. Movie Review! [local archive copy] The new (informative) ISO 8879 Annex L: Added Requirements for XML illustrates the relationship of misery, SGML declarations to 'added requirements' by means of a real-world example, XML. The annex has a prose application summary and sample SGML declaration.

Some of the Recent Changes to ISO 8879 (Annex K, Web SGML Adaptations; also Annex L, Added Requirements for XML) are motivated by pursuit of happyness review, the goal of bringing SGML and XML into alignment. Misery Sparknotes! See Bob DuCharme, SGML: Changing to Accommodate XML. [July 19, 1998] Converting an Luring Students United Kingdom SGML DTD to XML. By Norman Walsh [ArborText]. Norm Walsh itemizes the steps in SGML-to-XML DTD conversion in a couple categories: Many of misery sparknotes, these changes are straightforward and, for into the wild book summary a large number of SGML DTDs, they will be fairly easy to accomplish. . . Misery! There are also some changes that may have a large impact on the semantics of the DTD. Starbuck’s! Luckily, these are mostly infrequently-used SGML features so they don't turn up often in most DTDs. Misery! Also at [XML QA] (July 08, 1998). [September 17, 1999] XML/SGML: On the Web and Behind the Web. By Alfred Attipoe and Philippe Vijghen [The SGML Technologies Group].

In InterChange: Newsletter of the siddhartha hero, International SGML/XML Users' Group Volume 5, Issue 3 (July 1999), pages 25-29. There is some confusion as to when [to] use SGML and when to use XML. In this paper we argue that both have their rightful place in publishing systems. We discuss the impact of the new Web technologies on publishing systems by clarifying the relationship between XML and SGML. We describe available features of both markup languages and evaluate them empirically, taking into consideration several distinct points of view. Misery Sparknotes! Our analysis should help you decide which (SGML or XML) to use where (behind or on the Web). . . we argue that XML, devoid of Strategy Initiatives Growth, SGML complexity, is ideally suited for the exchange and publication of documents/information on the Web. However, XML lacks some features which are very useful when creating behind-the-Web systems where reqirements stress the need for expressive information models and data-processing functionality.

SX , a converter from SGML to sparknotes, XML. Part of James Clark's SP parser toolkit; new in the distribution of SP version 1.3 [980309]. SX converts SGML to XML. SX parses and validates the SGML document contained in sysid. . Strategy And Internal Initiatives To Profitable Growth! . and writes an equivalent XML document to the standard output. SX will warn about SGML constructs which have no XML equivalent. [local archive copy] Using an misery XML Audit to Move SGML Data towards XML. By Charlie Halpern-Hamu, Incremental Development, Inc. Presented at XML'98 in Chicago. This paper describes, at pursuit movie review a technical level, how to assess the XML-readiness of sparknotes, your SGML data as a first step towards moving it towards XML. This paper suggests an 'XML audit': a technical review of Essay of Drugs, current markup practice with eye towards simplification. The goal of an XML audit is to understand which portions of misery, your current SGML application are not XML.

The next step might be to start deemphasizing your use of those features. . . [November 06, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 1). Siddhartha Hero! By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 10 (October 1998), pages 9-10. DuCharme introduces his serialized article by noting that a DTD conversion might not be just a one-time affair, and by categorizing DTD editing/conversion tasks into misery, ranked groupings. [December 09, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 2). Students United! By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 11 (November 1998), pages 5-7. In this second part of a two-part TAG article, the author discusses SGML-XML DTD conversion in the case of sparknotes, mixed content models, RCDATA, CONREF, and SUBDOC. SGML, XML, and HTML Document Components Compared.

From a poster session, by Dennis J. Movie Review! O'Connor, Consultant, Mulberry Technologies, Inc. MicroStar Ltd. is developing a set of misery, heuristics (and software) for automatic conversion of SGML DTDs to XML DTDs. Steph Tryphonas presented a paper on DTD Conversions at the Seattle XML '98 conference. TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum, Information Products Interchange) has provided a record of and Internal Initiatives, its recent efforts to XML-ize the sparknotes, TIM Telecommunications Interchange Markup DTD, version 2.0.4. See provisionally the March 06, 1998 entries. One now also encounters the phrase XML-compliant HTML . . . [May 13, 1998] W3C published a NOTE entitled XML in HTML Meeting Report. This report, edited by Dan Connolly (W3C) and Lauren Wood (SoftQuad), addresses a number of issues relating to the use of XML encoding within HTML documents. At a meeting of February 11-12, 1998 (San Jose, California, Sun Microsystems), participants from a variety of W3C working groups met to discuss these issues, and in particular, concerns relating to the support of MathML and RDF written in XML and intended to be used in HTML documents. The W3C NOTE (NOTE-xh-19980511, W3C Note 11 May 1998) summarizes the discussion and conclusions of this meeting. [local archive copy] [July 27, 1998] IBTWSH (Itsy Bitsy Teeny Weeny Simple Hypertext) DTD - from John Cowan.

This is an XML DTD which describes a subset of HTML 4.0 for embedded use within other XML DTDs. It is by intention equivalent (within its scope) to -//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN, but is not a derived work in siddhartha hero, the copyright sense. [local archive copy, 980727] The development of new vocabularies and the design of namespace syntaxes have increased public interest in misery sparknotes, registration authorities and authentication services which could be set up to manage name conflicts. Facilities are needed for support of globally-unique names, persistent links and resources, name (public identifier) resolution, mapping between public and system identifiers, etc. Online libraries/repositories with public text resources also present a strong desideratum. Several initiatives for registries and repositories have been announced. A few of the early initiatives which have been publicized are referenced in a separate document. References to literature on XML Media/MIME Types are held in a separate document. In the following lists of into book, XML Examples and Non-Examples, a certain number of items in the former category undoubtedly will (come to) belong to the latter category, given the sparknotes, evolution of the XML specifications and other factors. Initiatives To Return To Profitable! Note also that most of the proposed XML applications also contain sample XML documents and DTDs in sparknotes, the documentation.

The XML Recommendation 1.0 (February 1998) in into, XML format. The corresponding XML specification DTD (-//W3C//DTD Specification::19980323//EN) is available online, as well as commentary: Design Report for the W3C XML Specification DTD . Version 2.0 of the sparknotes, XML Spec DTD 1999-07. See the Interntional to the United Kingdom Essay, updated XML Specification DTD and corresponding XML Spec DTD - Data Modeling Report, Version 1.2, 1998-09-10. See the XML versions of the XLink and XPointer specifications ( i.e. , 3-March-1998). XML source files for misery PR-DOM-Level-1-19980818. The DOM specification serves as a good example of the siddhartha hero, power of using XML: all of the HTML documents, Java bindings, OMG IDL bindings, and ECMA Script bindings are generated from a single set of XML source files. Misery! [local archive copy] See the Production Notes for Essay of Drugs details.

[July 1999] Updated Shakespeare XML documents, from sparknotes Jon Bosak. See:, and Essay Also: and Sparknotes! Note 2001-01: URLs are now Four Religious Works '(1958896-byte zip file,' and The Plays of Shakespeare '(2195143-byte zip file,'; I do not know if these are identical version 2 document sets. [October 12, 1998] See above. Jon Bosak (Sun Microystems)) announced the availabilty of a major revision to the XML-tagged religion set.

The collection includes a group of four religious works (The Old Testament, The New Testament, The Quran, and The Book of Mormon) marked up for Essay about Pro-Legalization of Drugs electronic publication from publicly available sources. The texts were originally marked up (1992) as an exercise in SGML DTD and style sheet design, and in misery sparknotes, 1996 were released along with a companion Shakespeare set as the earliest examples of into the wild, real documents marked up in XML. The current distribution conforms to the XML 1.0 Recommendation released February 8, 1998. Sparknotes! Verse numbers for Starbuck’s Strategy and Internal Initiatives the referencing systems are now generated by misery sparknotes, style sheets, which are included in the wild, the distribution. Misery! These texts are used as benchmarks for XML parsers by some developers. Source:; [local archive copy]. Sample XML documents with DTDs ( e.g. , Bible, Shakespeare), for the benefit of anyone developing XML tools; provided by siddhartha hero, Jon Bosak. See the updated announcement of January 30, 1998. [See also the earlier announcement for other details.] Example XML documents in Japanese are available. They are encoded in UTF-16 (big endian and sparknotes little endian), UTF-8, iso-2022-jp, shift_jis, and Strategy Initiatives to Profitable Growth euc-jp.

One document is the translation of the misery, XML PR, and it will soon be replaced with that of the XML recommendation. . . From Murata Makoto. Taiwan Overview Essay! [local archive copy/snapshot, 19980603] [April 09, 1999] xmlTree. Misery! - a list of sites and resources which offer data according to of happyness movie review, XML formatting rules collected by James Carlyle. [February 18, 2000] We have approximately 160,000 XML documents indexed in the GoXML XML Search Engine. Many of these are in XML with XSL format. THe url is: We believe it is the largest repository of misery, XML (and subsequently XSL) documents on the Internet. Grab a copy of Microsoft's IE 5.+ and Overview have a blast. [Duane Nickull; Fri, 18 Feb 2000] XML served by the Sun Microsystems corporate document server, . The service from Sun stores information in a compiled SGML format and can deliver either XML or HTML data dynamically, according to requests from a client. Misery Sparknotes! See, for example, the XML documents for display with Mozilla source: TocView.xml and disability.xml. [See also the Luring Interntional Students Kingdom Essay, database entry for misery the docs.sun AnswerBook Documentation.] [January 19, 1998] W3C NOTE Name Spaces in Taiwan Overview Essay, XML: NOTE-xml-names in XML format from W3C; [local archive copy] [March 06, 1998] Sample chapters 'in XML format' from Richard Light's book, Presenting XML . Presented on the companion Web site. [October 06, 1998] XML test data from Simon North's book Presenting XML , available from the Macmillan Web site. The author says: The material was written in Author/Editor using the TEI-lite DTD (freely available on the Web) and converted to Microsoft Word, via RTF, for printing using jade. The XML and HTML code was created from the SGML sources.

The text is copyright, of course, but for experimentation it's got a very rich mix of elements (including copious CDATA sections). [XML-L 6 Oct 1998] [December 07, 1998] XML release of the TEI Lite DTD (personal work, from Patrice Bonhomme, not an misery official release of the TEI Lite.) See also reference to work on preparation of an Starbuck’s Strategy Initiatives to Profitable XML Version of the full TEI DTD. [October 05, 1997] XML Scenarios, sponsored by Microsoft and participating companies. This part of the misery sparknotes, Web site features a collection of articles that describe how industry leaders are using XML-based applications today to increase sales and productivity, improve customer satisfaction, and lower costs. The companies represented are top ISVs who have built XML-based, three-tier Web applications. Each brief scenario demonstrates the siddhartha hero, solution to misery, a real business problem. It includes: 1) the Essay about, specific business problem that was impacting mission-critical processes; 2) the role XML played in the solution; and 3) a discussion of how the problem was solved through the use of misery, specific XML-based tools, with a behind-the-scenes look at exactly how the software components handled a typical user scenario. As of October 5, 1998, nine articles were available. [January 27, 1998] XML Auction Demo from Microsoft.

[January 25, 1998] XML Weather Station Demo - part of Starbuck’s and Internal Initiatives to Return, XML Online from insideDHTML. University of Oregon Virtual Laboratory, serving HTML from the XML source. Behind what you see, there is misery a Java servlet based on Strategy and Internal to Return Growth Lark that pumps out misery HTML. The applets at Essay about Pro-Legalization this site have been programmed by Sean Russell. [December 13, 1997] James Clark's test suite of misery sparknotes, files for XML processors. The collection of XML test cases in into, the ZIP archive contains 141 [now 164] small files that (in my view) fail to be well-formed XML documents, and misery sparknotes should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. See: Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into alignment with the siddhartha hero, Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee (under the OASIS Technical Committe) will be working on misery an XML Conformance Test Methodology, etc. Contact G. Ken Holman for additional information, and see the to the Essay, dedicated entry. For online WF checking via HTML-forms, see above: well-formedness checking of documents by URL and by pasted-up text.

Provided by Tim Bray (Lark, and James Clark (XP, WebTechs). XML Conferences, Seminars, Workshops. Since XML is a subset of SGML, most 'SGML' and events now prominently feature XML. The Conferences section of the SGML/XML Web Page contains the full entries, often with pointers to conference reports or proceedings volumes. Misery Sparknotes! Summary information for special XML events is provided below. XML '99. December 6 - 9, 1999. Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA. XML One - The International Users Conference.

Increasing Your Productivity with XML. May 24 - 27, 1999. The Wild! Austin Marriott at the Capital, Austin, Texas. XML Europe '99. April 26 - 30, 1999. Granada, Spain. XML/SGML '99 Sweden. March 16-17, 1999 in Stockholm, Sweden. XTech '99.

XML Application Developers Conference XIO Expo March 7 - 11, 1999. San Jose Convention Center, California. Markup Technologies Conference. November 19 - 20, 1998. Sparknotes! Chicago, Illinois, USA. . . .technical issues relating to the design, development, and deployment of a variety of Taiwan Overview, markup technologies including but not limited to SGML, XML, HyTime, and DSSSL. XML '98. November 15 - 18, 1998.

Chicago, Illinois. TAG '98. November 4 - 6, 1998. Washington, D.C. SGML/XML BeLux '98 Conference. Fifth Annual Conference on the Practical Use of sparknotes, *ML. October 21, 1998 - Antwerp, Belgium. SGML, XML, and Databases.

Tuesday, October 20, 1998. Essay! The Brunei Gallery Lecture Theatre, School of Oriental and misery African Studies (SOAS), Russell Square, London. SGML/XML Asia-Pacific '98. October 12 - 15, 1998. Sydney, Australia and Tokyo, Japan. SGML/XML Japan '98. Interntional United Kingdom! September 30 - October 3, 1998. Nippon Convention Center, Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan. XML World Conference and Exposition. Misery Sparknotes! September 14 - 17, 1998. Palais des Congrès de Hull, 200 Promenade de Portage, Ottawa/Hull, Québec, Canada.

XML-seminar 98 Göteborg. September 8 - 9, 1998. At the Novotel in about, Gothenburg, Sweden. A two-day XML workshop and seminar, sponsored by the Swedish Chapter of the International SGML Users' Group. Seybold San Francisco/Publishing '98. August 30 - September 4, 1998. Misery! Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, CA. Siddhartha Hero! With XML Day. Metastructures 1998 Conference. August 17 - 19, 1998.

Le Sheraton Hotel, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Proposals for the XML-related metastructures, such as XLink, XPointers, Resource Description Format, SMIL, and XML-EDI, are welcome. . . SGML/XML Europe '98. Misery! From Theory to New Practices. May 17 - 21, 1998. Hotel Sofitel - Forum Rive Gauche, Paris, France. W3C Workshop - Shaping the Starbuck’s to Profitable Growth, Future of HTML. May 4 - 5, 1998. San Francisco Airport Hyatt Regency, California. Several position papers address XML, architectural forms, and related matters.

Electronic Publishing '98. The Seventh International Conference on Electronic Publishing, Document Manipulation and Typography. April 1 - 4, 1998. Palais des Congrès, Saint Malo, France. Tutorials on SGML, XML, DSSSL, XSL, TEI-SGML. Conference presentations on SGML. SGML UK.

March 31, 1998. Putting on the Style! - DSSSL, CSS, XSL, . Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon. Slide sets and sample stylesheets (CSS, XSL, DSSSL) are available from misery some of the presentations. XML Developers Day within XML: The Conference (1998). Enabling Intelligent Content on the Web. March 23 - 27, 1998. Pursuit Movie! Seattle, Washington.

The 'XML Developers Day' in this conference, chaired by Jon Bosak, is on March 27, 1998. Proposals for misery XML DevDay should be sent to Jon Bosak, W3C XML WG Chair. See the XML DevDay Call for Presentations, and the XML Developers' Day, Preliminary Schedule. Seybold Seminars New York / Publishing '98. Event and Exposition, March 16 - 20, 1998. Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, New York NY. Includes XML Xposed and XML Tutorials. Documation '98 West.

Exposition The Document Software Conference. March 10 - 12, 1998. Santa Clara Convention Center. Essay About Of Drugs! Santa Clara, California. Sparknotes! See the separate document which extracts the relevant listing of XML/XSL sessions. INRIA XML Workshop. The Potential of XML for Web-based Applications. October 23 - 24, 1997.

INRIA Sophia Antipolis, (Nice), France. SGML UK October Meeting: The eXtensible Markup Language (XML). October 23, 1997. Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon, UK. Published agenda. Other details in the announcement from Francis Cave (Pira International), to whom inquiries should be directed. Seybold San Francisco '97. Overview Essay! September 29 - October 3, 1997. Mosconi Center, San Francisco, CA. The conference included an XML tutorial, XML tools survey, and a dedicated XML session, XML: Publishing on sparknotes the Web Just Got Easier.

SGML Open for Business. September 17, 1997. Clarion Hotel, Millbrae, California. [management and into the wild summary implementation information on SGML and XML. ] XML Developers Day. Misery Sparknotes! August 21, 1997. Montreal, Canada. In connection with the Luring Interntional Students Essay, 1997 International Conference on the Application of HyTime.

Note also that Tim Bray will offer an XML Tutorial on Sunday and Monday, August 17-18 as part of the HyTime/XML/DSSSL tutorials programme. European Conference on XML. Sparknotes! XML Ready for Prime Time? London, UK. April 22, 1997. WWW '97: Sixth International World Wide Web Conference. April 7 - 12, 1997. Santa Clara Convention Centre, Santa Clara, California, USA. GCA XML Conference: XML SGML INTRANET. The New Publishing Business Case: XML, SGML, and siddhartha hero the Intranet.

March 10 - 12, 1997. The Mission Valley Marriott, San Diego, California. XML: Demos and sparknotes Miscellaneous Uncategorized. A separate document contains references to XML-related sites or documents for which I have had insufficient time to make investigation, or which are evidently tangential. Readers are invited to send email re: appropriate disposition. Some are [or will become] serious applications; others may be interesting demos; others may be clearly experiments and of happyness movie 'just for fun'.

XML: Of (Possible) Historical Interest. A separate document contains references to early draft versions of XML-related proposals, and so forth. 'Early' means about misery sparknotes, 1996-1997. It's not a maintained collection of links, but you might find what you're looking for. . .

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Wij bieden je verschillende tools: een ondernemingsplan template, digitale cursus, schrijven met een coach of klassikaal. Pursuit Of Happyness Movie Review. Bekijk hieronder onze verschillende mogelijkheden. Een gratis template die je helpt om jouw ideeën op een rij te zetten. Handig voor ondernemers die alleen een structuur nodig hebben. Deze e-learning laat jou nadenken over sparknotes je onderneming. Into The Wild Book. Je krijgt volop inspiratie en voorbeelden. Na afloop download je een kant en klaar plan. € 49,95 incl. Sparknotes. btw inclusief financieel plan met inspiratie en voorbeelden eenvoudig online direct beginnen. Laat je je liever begeleiden door iemand?

Een coach helpt je verder, geeft feedback en biedt zekerheid. Siddhartha Hero. Het resultaat: een perfect plan, klaar om in misery, te leveren bij je kredietverstrekker. 200 excl. Essay Pro-Legalization. btw inclusief financieel plan advies op maat persoonlijke begeleiding eerlijke feedback 100% focus op jou. Wil jij je ondernemingsplan schrijven in sparknotes, een klassikale cursus onder begeleiding van experts? Binnen tien weken heb jij je eigen plan. Into The Wild Summary. Een vaste docent begeleid je. 275 excl. btw klassikaal leren begeleiding van experts in sparknotes, 10 avonden een eigen plan inclusief e-learning inclusief werkboek optrekken met ondernemers hulp bij je financiele plan. Wat je wil weten over een ondernemingsplan. Een ondernemingsplan, ook wel bedrijfsplan of of happyness movie businessplan genoemd, is de eerste stap op weg naar een eigen bedrijf.

Hiermee breng je de haalbaarheid van jouw ideeën in kaart. Sparknotes. Een ondernemingsplan is op te delen in Pro-Legalization, de volgende drie hoofdstukken: Graag helpen je op weg om je eigen ondernemingsplan te maken en schrijven met de onderstaande stappen. De ondernemer is sparknotes het eerste hoofdstuk van het ondernemingsplan. Taiwan Overview. Je eigen bedrijf draait namelijk om jou en jouw idee om een bedrijf te starten. Net zoals bij een sollicitatie moet je opschrijven wat je werkervaring is, wat je motivatie is sparknotes en wat je persoonlijke doelstellingen zijn. Siddhartha Hero. Indien er sprake is misery van meerdere ondernemers, zoals bij een V.O.F., vul dan voor elke ondernemer dit hoofdstuk in. Taiwan Overview Essay. De gevraagde gegevens zijn namelijk bedoeld voor alle ondernemers. Met onze whitepaper helpen we je welke bedrijfsvorm (rechtsvorm) je zou moeten kiezen. Hier vermeld je je privégegevens, zoals je adres, naam, burgerlijke staat, enzovoort. Denk er ook aan dat je deze gegevens voor alle ondernemers aanlevert.

1.2. Sparknotes. Persoonlijke motieven en doelstellingen. Hierin beschrijf je waarom je een onderneming wilt beginnen. Pro-Legalization. Vertel iets over jezelf en je achtergrond als een soort persoonlijk CV waarin je benadrukt waarom je zo geschikt bent om een bedrijf op te starten én om dit bedrijf succesvol te laten verlopen. Ook al heb je de beste opleidingen en werkervaring, je zal nog steeds gemotiveerd moeten zijn.

Schrijf op wat je motivatie is misery sparknotes om met dit bedrijf van start te gaan en welke doelstellingen je jezelf hebt gesteld. Probeer voor jezelf na te gaan waarom dit bedrijf starten zo interessant voor je is. Starbuck’s And Internal Initiatives Growth. Wat zijn jouw sterke en zwakke punten? Probeer hier vooral eerlijk in te zijn. Dit is misery sparknotes met name voor jezelf van belang. Starbuck’s And Internal To Return To Profitable Growth. Als je weet wat je zwakke punten zijn, kun je daar rekening mee houden. Sparknotes. Op welke gebieden heb je coaching en begeleiding nodig?

Om (meer) inzicht te krijgen in about Pro-Legalization of Drugs, je sterke en zwakke punten kun je een ondernemerstest invullen. De uitkomst van de ondernemerstest laat zien hoe je scoort op je ondernemerscompetenties. Voor elke product of dienst is er een markt. Sparknotes. Althans, heb je dat onderzocht? Welk product of dienst ga je tegen welke prijs en op welke locatie aan wie verkopen? Hoe kun je het beste je product of dienst op de markt zetten, wie zijn jouw klanten en hoe ga ik eraan verdienen? Als je dit lastig vindt kan onze e-learning verkoopplan schrijven je daarbij helpen. Hier zet je alle algemene gegevens van de onderneming op een rijtje. Starbuck’s Strategy To Return. Een duidelijke organisatie is sparknotes een belangrijke voorwaarde om succesvol te kunnen ondernemen. Ben je al wel of Starbuck’s to Profitable Growth nog niet ingeschreven bij de Kamer van Koophandel?

Heb je de benodigde verzekeringen en Algemene Voorwaarden geregeld? Voor welke rechtsvorm kies je, waar ga je je vestigen en wie doet de administratie? Dit is sparknotes de kern van je ondernemingsplan. Essay. Hier leg je kort maar krachtig uit wat je wilt gaan doen en waarom. Probeer jezelf te verkopen.

Maak anderen enthousiast. Hoe heeft de markt zich in het algemeen ontwikkeld en wat is sparknotes de toekomstverwachting? Geldt de uitkomst hiervan ook voor dat deel van de markt waar je je op wil richten? Je markt bestaat uit de verzameling van gegevens over Luring Interntional to the Essay bestaande afnemers, potentiële afnemers en alle aanbieders van het product of dienst of misery vervangende product of Luring United Kingdom Essay diensten. Misery Sparknotes. Zijn er weinig aanbieders en geen vervangende product of diensten, dan zit je natuurlijk goed. Zijn er veel aanbieders en zijn er ook nog eens allerlei vervangende producten of diensten, dan heb je het als starter beslist moeilijk. Into The Wild Book Summary. Voor een starter is misery sparknotes het van belang dat je jouw markt kent. Hier geef je aan hoe de markt zich ontwikkelt, zowel op landelijk niveau als op lokaal niveau. Taiwan. Verschuift de behoefte van de potentiële afnemers of misery juist niet? Wat gebeurt er met het aantal concurrenten en hoe ontwikkelt de prijs van het product of of happyness movie dienst zich?

Het is misery belangrijk om uw doelgroep zo nauwkeurig mogelijk te omschrijven. Essay About. Wie zijn je (potentiële) klanten? Wat zijn belangrijke kenmerken van deze klanten? Naarmate je jouw klanten beter kent, ben je ook beter in sparknotes, staat ze te bereiken en te bedienen. Je moet weten of siddhartha hero er meer aanbieders zijn van jouw product of misery dienst. Into The Wild Book. Denk daarbij ook aan concurrentie die een alternatief aanbieden.

Wat zijn de sterke en zwakke punten van de concurrentie? Weet welke prijs ze vragen en welke kwaliteit ze bieden. Sparknotes. Richten ze zich op dezelfde klantengroep? Hoe zorg je ervoor om hiertussen op te vallen? Wat zijn de sterke en zwakke punten van je eigen onderneming en wat zijn de kansen en bedreigingen die zich in de markt voordoen of gaan voordoen? Met de marketingmix geef je je bedrijf een duidelijk eigen gezicht. Siddhartha Hero. De marketingmix maakt je bedrijf herkenbaar voor de buitenwereld. Sparknotes. De marketingmix bestaat uit de vijf P’s: Product of Starbuck’s Strategy and Internal to Profitable Growth dienst staat voor meer dan alleen een product of misery sparknotes dienst.

Wat is Starbuck’s Strategy Initiatives to Profitable Growth de toegevoegde waarde voor de klant? Welk probleem lost het op? Denk ook aan verpakking, garantievoorwaarden, uitstraling en merk. Wat zijn de belangrijkste kenmerken van je product of sparknotes dienst? De prijs zegt iets over to the het product of misery sparknotes dienst dat je levert, maar ook over Essay het deel van de markt waar je je op richt.

Met een hoge prijs trek je een andere doelgroep dan met een stuntprijs. Misery. Welke prijsstrategie ga je hanteren? Leg je de nadruk op service of ben je een prijsvechter? Hoe liggen de prijzen bij concurrenten? Hier maakt je duidelijk waar je je bedrijf vestigt. Ga je huren of kopen? Start je vanuit huis of Essay about Pro-Legalization kies je voor een bedrijfspand? Beschrijf ook hoe je bedrijfskolom eruit ziet. Sparknotes. Hoe verloopt de distributie van leverancier tot klant? Waar ga je de producten of Essay about Pro-Legalization diensten verkopen?

Wie zijn de leveranciers? Zijn er samenwerkingsverbanden? Promotie maken kan op allerlei manieren en via verschillende kanalen. Beurzen, nieuwsbrieven of misery sparknotes internet zijn mogelijke promotiekanalen. Wanneer ga je wat precies doen?

Promotie hoeft zeker niet duur te zijn. Er zijn vele mogelijkheden: advertentie plaatsen, billboards, promotiefoldertjes, mondelinge promotie bij feestjes en verenigingen, mond tot mond reclame, gerichte promotiefolder, telefonisch contact, winkelinrichting, kortingsbonnen, persbericht, eigen website, webadvertising, sponsoring, beurzen (bezoeken of eigen stand), etc. Alles begint met wie je wilt bereiken en wie jou moet begrijpen. Kun je het werk alleen aan, of het nodig personeel aan te trekken? Personeel aannemen moet zorgvuldig gebeuren. Het belang van de uitstraling van het personeel naar buiten toe is van groot belang en wordt regelmatig onderschat. Movie. Hoe kom je aan jouw personeel? Heb je behoefte aan hoog- of misery laaggekwalificeerd? Wordt het personeel zelf opgeleid? Welke normen en waarden worden er gehanteerd?

Een missie is waarvoor we staan, een visie is pursuit of happyness movie waarvoor we gaan. De missie heeft te maken met waarden en identiteit. Een visie geeft aan: hoe gaan wij de wereld van morgen beïnvloeden zodat wij succes hebben? Het is misery sparknotes noodzakelijk om kort en bondig je missie en je visie te kunnen beschrijven. Starbuck’s Strategy And Internal Growth. Grote lappen tekst met onderbouwing kunnen in misery sparknotes, het plan zelf terug komen. Strategy And Internal Initiatives To Return Growth. Wel moeten ze duidelijk zijn. Dat kun je vrij gemakkelijk doen via de SMART theorie. SMART staat voor: Specifiek, Meetbaar, Attractief, Realistisch en Tijdgebonden. Als aan deze voorwaarden wordt voldaan kan via het ondernemingsplan zelf nagegaan worden of deze missie en doelstellingen uiteindelijk met alle aanwezige achtergrond informatie werkelijk mogelijk zijn.

Wie zijn we, wat zijn onze waarden, hoe willen we met onze klanten en medewerkers omgaan? Probeer ook zo reëel mogelijk in misery sparknotes, te schatten hoe groot de omzet is Interntional Students Essay die je verwacht te gaan halen. Waar wil je over misery 5 tot 10 jaar staan met je onderneming? Wat ga je doen om te zorgen dat je succes hebt en houdt? Het financieel plan is in Essay about Pro-Legalization, feite het vertalen van de aannames uit het ondernemingsplan naar financiën/geld. Misery. Je kunt onze gratis template financieel plan daarvoor gebruiken. Het financiële hoofdstuk bestaat uit de volgende onderdelen: Waar komt mijn kapitaal vandaan en waar is het geïnvesteerd? Ben ik - winstgevend? Kan ik op tijd voldoen aan mijn financiële verplichtingen? Een bedrijf starten kost geld.

Sommige investeringen zijn noodzakelijk om te kunnen starten, andere kunnen misschien beter nog even wachten. In de investeringsbegroting zet je op een rij wat je minimaal nodig hebt om te kunnen starten. De investeringsbegroting is pursuit movie onderverdeeld in misery, vaste activa en vlottende activa. Taiwan. Vaste activa, zoals een computer, machines, inventaris, en een bedrijfsauto, zijn bedrijfsmiddelen die langer dan een jaar in misery, je bedrijf aanwezig zijn. Interntional United Kingdom Essay. Deze middelen maken het mogelijk dat je de activiteiten kunt uitvoeren.

Zij ondersteunen het bedrijfsproces. Bedrijfsmiddelen die korter dan een jaar in misery sparknotes, je bedrijf aanwezig zijn, zoals voorraden, vorderingen, voorfinanciering BTW en debiteuren, zijn vlottende activa. And Internal To Profitable Growth. Deze middelen zijn onderdeel van je bedrijfsproces. Aanloop- en openingskosten zijn kosten die je maakt voordat je kunt starten en/of omzet kunt maken. Misery Sparknotes. Voorbeelden: notariskosten, inschrijving Kamer van Koophandel, levensonderhoud eerste periode, marktonderzoek, advieskosten, visitekaartjes en briefpapier. Onderbouw de bedragen met offertes. Taiwan Overview Essay. Vraag offertes op bij meerdere leveranciers om zo tot een juiste keuze te komen.

Houd rekening met onvoorziene kosten. In uw financieringsbegroting staat hoe je de benodigde investeringen gaat financieren. Sparknotes. Dit kan door middel van eigen vermogen of and Internal Initiatives met vreemd vermogen. Het deel van de investeringen dat je zelf financiert heet eigen vermogen. Sparknotes. Dit kan in Overview, vorm van geld zijn dat je hebt gespaard of bedrijfsmiddelen (auto, voorraad, computer) die je eerder hebt aangeschaft. Sparknotes. Het kan ook zijn dat een familielid of Taiwan kennis je geld wil lenen. Er is misery sparknotes een regeling die het voor particulieren, zoals familie of pursuit of happyness movie kennissen, fiscaal aantrekkelijk maakt geld aan startende ondernemers te lenen. Misery Sparknotes. Deze regeling biedt zo'n particuliere geldgever namelijk interessante fiscale voordelen.

Zogenaamde `achtergestelde´ leningen of siddhartha hero durfkapitaal wordt door een kredietverstrekker vaak gezien als eigen vermogen. Misery. Andere voorbeelden van partijen die kunnen financieren en hun bedrag achter zouden willen stellen, zijn de huurbaas, of de vorige eigenaar van de zaak die je hebt overgenomen. Vreemd vermogen is to the United Kingdom Essay geld dat zakelijke financiers (bijvoorbeeld banken en leveranciers) je willen lenen. Misery. Er is Strategy and Internal to Return to Profitable Growth onderscheid tussen schulden met een looptijd van langer dan een jaar en korter dan een jaar. In feite zijn de langlopende leningen bedoeld om de vaste activa te financieren. Sparknotes. Hypothecaire leningen hebben als doel een bedrijfspand te financieren, met een (middellange) banklening (of lease) kun je een machine of of happyness inventaris aanschaffen. Dat betekent automatisch dat de vlottende activa met kort vreemd vermogen moet worden gefinancierd. Dit zijn voornamelijk het rekening-courantkrediet (of werkkapitaal) en crediteuren (leverancierskrediet). In feite kan zelfs de belastingdienst je financieren, maar daar kun je beter maar niet te veel op leunen. Een balans is een overzicht van de bezittingen, de schulden en het eigen vermogen van je onderneming op een bepaald moment. Anders gezegd: op een balans staat wat je hebt (activa, de linkerzijde van de balans), in sparknotes, de vorm van geld, goederen, enz., en hoe die gefinancierd zijn (passiva, de rechterzijde van de balans): met eigen vermogen of Overview met vreemd vermogen (leningen).

Dus een balans is misery sparknotes een momentopname van bezittingen en van de manier waarop deze zijn betaald. De solvabiliteit is into summary de verhouding van uw eigen vermogen ten opzichte van het totaal benodigde vermogen. Misery Sparknotes. Dit geeft aan in Pro-Legalization of Drugs, hoeverre uw onderneming de schulden op lange termijn kan voldoen. In je verkoopprognose moet je de omzet op een juiste en reële manier inschatten. Sparknotes. Het maken van een verkoopprognose is about Pro-Legalization of Drugs niet eenvoudig, maar wel noodzakelijk. Daarmee kun je namelijk inschatten wat je gaat verdienen en of sparknotes dat voldoende is om alle verplichtingen te kunnen voldoen. Overview. Uiteindelijk bepaalt de omzet, minus de inkoopkosten en overige kosten je winst of misery verlies.

De berekening is Pro-Legalization of Drugs simpel. Misery. Het aantal verkochte producten per maand wordt vermenigvuldigd met de prijs die voor het product vraagt. Siddhartha Hero. Als dienstverlener kun je het aantal uren invullen, wanneer je een vergoeding op uurbasis vraagt. De omzet moet je exclusief BTW opgeven. Sparknotes. Je moet wel aangeven welk BTW tarief op jouw product of dienst van toepassing is. (21%, 6% of Interntional Students United Kingdom Essay 0%).

De belastingdienst geeft hier meer informatie over. Omzet wordt gemaakt op het moment dat de factuur naar de klant/opdrachtgever wordt gestuurd. Dat wil in misery, de meeste gevallen niet zeggen dat het geld direct wordt bijgeschreven op je rekening. Taiwan Essay. Betalen je klanten direct (contact of PIN) zoals in de detailhandel, of moet je weken op je geld wachten. Deze periode noemen we de debiteurentermijn. Onderaan de verkoopprognose moet je invullen wanneer welk deel van je klanten gaat betalen.

Zorg ervoor dat je prognose kan worden onderbouwd met cijfers uit de branchegegevens, je concurrentieanalyse en marketingmix. Misery Sparknotes. Houd rekening met seizoensinvloeden. Siddhartha Hero. Ga je direct in sparknotes, je eerste maand omzet maken, of is er sprake van een aanloopperiode? Is het geplande aantal uren daadwerkelijk declarabel? Houd rekening met bijvoorbeeld reistijd, acquisitie, ziekte, administratie. Pursuit Of Happyness. Is deze omzet haalbaar (reëel), gezien vanuit de geplande investeringen en personeelscapaciteit?

Om geld te kunnen verdienen aan producten die je verkoopt, moet je die producten eerst zelf inkopen. Het verschil tussen wat je verkoopt en de prijs die je zelf hebt betaald om die producten in misery, te kopen is Initiatives to Profitable je brutowinst. Er bestaat dus een direct verband tussen inkoop en verkoop. Misery Sparknotes. De inkoopprijs van alle verkochte artikelen hoort tot de inkoopwaarde van de omzet. De formule om de inkoopwaarde van de omzet te bepalen is pursuit of happyness movie review als volgt: Beginvoorraad + Jaarinkopen Eindvoorraad. Alle producten die je al wel hebt ingekocht, maar nog niet hebt verkocht, heb je op voorraad en worden daarom niet tot de inkoopwaarde van de omzet gerekend. Bedrijven die niet handelen in sparknotes, producten, maar hun kennis en tijd ‘verkopen’ aan de klant, hebben te maken met diensten. Diensten hebben meestal geen inkoopprijs (of slechts zeer gering). Taiwan Overview Essay. Bij diensten kun je stellen dat de brutowinst (bijna) gelijk is sparknotes aan de behaalde omzet. Er zijn meerdere factoren die de inkoopwaarde van de omzet kunnen bepalen.

Denk bijvoorbeeld aan het inhuren van andere bedrijven (‘diensten van derden’). Deze worden meestal ook rechtstreeks van de behaalde omzet afgehaald. Siddhartha Hero. Andere voorbeelden zijn provisies die je betaald aan tussenpersonen of agenten, het huren van materiaal die je nodig hebt om een dienst te kunnen verlenen. Sparknotes. Dit zijn zogenaamde directe kosten. Heeft een bedrijf te maken met een werkplaats, dan worden veel van de bewerkkosten of ‘maak’ kosten ook rechtstreeks verrekend met de behaalde omzet. Eigenlijk alles met een rechtstreeks verband met de behaalde omzet! Om de inkoopprognose correct in te vullen, moet je invullen wanneer je daadwerkelijk voorraad moet gaan inkopen. Of Happyness Movie Review. Afhankelijk van het product, de branche en de vraag zal de frequentie verschillen. Is het nodig dat je elke dag inkoopt (bijv. Misery. verse levensmiddelen), of Students Essay kun slechts één keer per kwartaal je inkopen doen (bijv. kleding)? Kun je inschatten hoe lang je product gemiddeld op voorraad ligt?

En welke deel van je voorraad is sparknotes niet meer te verkopen na verloop van tijd (incourante voorraad)? In je exploitatiebegroting schat je in of je bedrijf rendabel is. Door de omzet en kosten in Luring Students to the United Essay, een overzicht te plaatsen, kun je in sparknotes, een oogopslag zien of to the Kingdom Essay je bedrijf winst of verlies maakt. Misery. In de exploitatiebegroting staan de bedragen exclusief BTW vermeld. Uitgangspunt voor de exploitatiebegroting is de verkoopprognose (zie 3.3). Overview. Door de inkoopwaarde van de omzet af te trekken wordt de brutowinst zichtbaar. De inkoopwaarde van de omzet wordt berekend aan de hand van de ingevulde inkoopprognose (zie 3.4). Door de brutowinst te verminderen met alle wederkerend bedrijfskosten, zoals huisvestings-, vervoers-, promotie- en personeelskosten, houd jij je netto bedrijfsresultaat over. Misery Sparknotes. Dit bepaalt of Essay Pro-Legalization je bedrijfsactiviteit op zichzelf rendabel is.

Onder de bedrijfskosten vallen ook de afschrijvingen. Misery. Afschrijvingen zijn wel kosten, maar geen uitgaven. Taiwan Overview Essay. Afschrijvingen geven de je gelegenheid reserves op te bouwen om te kunnen (her)investeringen in sparknotes, de vaste activa van je bedrijf. Into The Wild. Je geeft het geld pas uit op het moment dat je moet gaan investeren. Sparknotes. Je geeft je ook extra ruimte om je aflosverplichting te voldoen. Voordat jij je winst uit onderneming kan bepalen, moet je opgeven hoeveel vergoeding je aan de financiers, die je bedrijfsactiviteit mede mogelijk hebben gemaakt , jaarlijks moet betalen.

Dit wordt ook wel rente genoemd. Als je winst hebt gemaakt, moet je daarover belasting betalen. Pursuit Of Happyness Movie Review. Hoeveel dat is, hangt af van het winstbedrag en aftrekposten die je als zelfstandige mag opvoeren. Misery. Voor deze aftrekposten gelden wel diverse voorwaarden. Summary. Kijk daarom goed op de site van de belastingdienst. De nettowinst is de basis voor uw inkomen uit een eenmanszaak of VOF. Sparknotes. In een BV staat de ondernemer als bestuurder/directeur van de BV op de loonlijst en ontvangt een salaris.

Het salaris is Starbuck’s and Internal to Return to Profitable een kostenpost voor de BV. Misery Sparknotes. De omzet moet hoog genoeg zijn om ook het salaris van de directeur te betalen. Overview Essay. We bieden je gratis een eenvoudige template voor exploitatiebegroting. Aannames moeten gebaseerd zijn op goed doordachte veronderstellingen Omzet op basis van marktonderzoek en niet op alleen basis van aantal x prijs Check de samenhang met het Marketingplan Omzet moet met gewenst personeelsbestand en kapitaal vervaardigd kunnen worden. Kun je elke maand alle rekeningen betalen? Door het maken van een liquiditeitsbegroting bepaal je of er iedere maand voldoende geld op je rekening staat.

Inkomsten en uitgaven kunnen gedurende een jaar sterk wisselen. Bijvoorbeeld door seizoensinvloeden, een vakantieperiode, belastingaanslag of door klanten die laat betalen. Sparknotes. Met een liquiditeitsbegroting maak je inzichtelijk op welk moment extra financiën nodig zijn. Vrijwel alle bedrijfskosten die zijn opgenomen in into book summary, de exploitatiebegroting komen ook terug in sparknotes, de liquiditeitsbegroting. Afschrijvingen vormen hierop de belangrijkste uitzondering.

De liquiditeitsbegroting toont hoe de kosten over pursuit movie het jaar worden verdeeld en aan in misery sparknotes, welke maand de kosten daadwerkelijk betaald moeten worden. Pursuit Of Happyness Review. Zeker in misery sparknotes, een groeiende ondernemingen zullen met de omzet ook de kosten maandelijks variëren (en toenemen). Naast de bedrijfskosten, worden ook de (maandelijkse) privéopnamen, inclusief inkomstenbelasting, en aflossingen staan niet in de liquiditeitsbegroting opgenomen. Taiwan Overview Essay. Via onze site kun je nu eenvoudig een sjabloon liquiditeitsbegroting downloaden. Op de exploitatiebegroting zijn alle bedragen exclusief BTW. In de liquiditeitsbegroting reken je de BTW ontvangsten en uitgaven mee.

Uit de exploitatiebegroting kun je opmaken of misery sparknotes je voldoende omzet genereert om de bedrijfs- en financieringskosten te dekken. Luring Interntional To The. De cashflow berekent vervolgens of sparknotes jij je privéopnamen wel uit de onderneming kan halen en of Taiwan Essay er daarnaast genoeg overblijft om leningen af te lossen, herinvesteringen te voldoen of reserves op te bouwen. Grofweg is de cashflow gelijk aan de nettowinst plus afschrijvingen van een onderneming. Sparknotes. De cashflow is positief als er jaarlijks meer geld binnenkomt dan dat er uit gaat. De cashflow is negatief als er per Essay about of Drugs, jaar meer geld wordt uitgegeven dan er binnenkomt. Een positieve cashflow wil niet direct zeggen dat je onderneming liquide is, dat er het hele jaar door voldoende geld op je rekening staat. Misery. Dat moet blijken uit de liquiditeitsbegroting.

Voordat je met je bedrijf begint, moet je weten hoeveel je maandelijks nodig om privé van rond te komen. Breng al je (huishoud)verplichtingen in of happyness review, kaart. Vermeld ook alle inkomsten die je huishouding ontvangt, zoals het loon (inclusief vakantie geld en dertiende maand) van jezelf en/of je partner, uitkeringen, pensioenen en eventueel kinderbijslag. Het verschil tussen de privéverplichtingen en -inkomsten bepaalt het bedrag dat je maandelijks uit je onderneming moet halen om van te leven. Houd je zakelijke betalingsverkeer gescheiden van je privé-inkomsten en -uitgaven door het openen van een aparte rekeningen. Een afschrijving is sparknotes het in Starbuck’s Strategy and Internal to Return to Profitable, de boekhouding tot uitdrukking brengen van de waardedaling van een bedrijfsmiddel over misery sparknotes een bepaalde periode. Essay. Doordat je machines gebruikt zullen ze slijten.

Ook zal de waarde van je gebouw of misery sparknotes vrachtwagens in de loop van de jaren afnemen. Siddhartha Hero. De waardevermindering van deze kapitaalgoederen wordt ook wel afschrijving of misery afschrijvingskosten genoemd. Er wordt steeds afschrijving toegepast om de slijtage door het gebruik tot uitdrukking te brengen. Strategy Initiatives. Deze afschrijving vormt een kostenpost in de Winst- en Verliesrekening en leidt dus tot een lager resultaat. Bekijk de mogelijkheden van Qredits.

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aids essay outline 4 Contact Hours. 1. Misery Sparknotes. Guidelines by the Centers for Disease Control. 2. Modes and risk of siddhartha hero, virus transmission in the workplace. 3. Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus to workers. 4. Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus to workers. 5. Sparknotes. Principles of infection control and their application to health-care workers. 6. Employer responsibilities. 7. Management of percutaneous exposure to blood and other infectious body fluids. 8. Disinfection decontamination and disposal.

9. Universal precautions. Florida Statutes on HIV. 11. Requirement for instruction on human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. 12. Testing for human immunodeficiency virus. 13. Patient care of persons with human immunodeficiency virus infection. After completing this course, you'll be able to: 1. Discuss the guidelines issued by the Centers for Disease Control for the modes of transmission, assessment of the risk of transmission, control of the risk and specific risk control recommendations for employers and workers for HIV and HBV. 2. Discuss the modes and risk of virus transmission in the workplace.

3. Discuss the transmission of HBV among health-care workers and emergency medical and public-safety workers and the requirement and effectiveness of vaccination for HBV. 4. Describe the epidemiology of HIV in health-care workers. 5. Discuss the principles of infection control and their application to health-care workers. 6. Define universal precautions. 7. Discuss universal blood and body fluid precautions to prevent occupational HIV and HBV transmission.

8. Discuss the 5-step recommendations for employer responsibilities in protecting workers against bloodborne diseases. 9. Describe various measures that should be taken in the management of percutaneous exposure to blood and other infectious body fluids. 10. Describe the procedures for disinfection, decontamination and disposal of needles and sharps to reduce the occupational risks of HIV and HBV infection. 11.

Reinforce the importance of hand washing; cleaning, disinfecting and sterilizing equipment and surfaces in the pre-hospital setting; cleaning and decontaminating spills of blood; proper handling of laundry; decontamination and into the wild book summary laundering of protective clothing; and handling of infective waste. 12. List body fluids to which universal precautions apply and body fluids to which they do not apply. 13. Describe 3 guidelines in the use of protective barriers to reduce the risk of HIV and HBV transmission. 14. Describe 5 guidelines to be used in the selection of gloves. 15. Explain the legislative intent behind the requirement of continuing education on misery, HIV/AIDS.

16. Amplify the legislative intent behind the testing for HIV. 17. Provide definitions for such terms as HIV test, HIV test results, significant exposure and test subject. 18. Specify the legal requirement of obtaining informed consent and outline circumstances under which informed consent must be obtained and exceptions thereto. 19. Outline the 6-point counseling program after performing an HIV test. 20. The Wild Book Summary. Discuss the confidentiality of the sparknotes test results and point out 12 exceptions where the results may be revealed. 21.

Enumerate 12 instances in which the informed consent of the subject is not required. 22. Describe the county health department network of voluntary HIV testing programs. 4 Contact Hours. 1. Guidelines by the Centers for Disease Control. 2. Modes and risk of virus transmission in the workplace. 3. Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus to workers. 4. Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus to workers. 5. Principles of infection control and their application to health-care workers.

6. Employer responsibilities. Siddhartha Hero. 7. Management of percutaneous exposure to blood and other infectious body fluids. 8. Disinfection decontamination and misery disposal. 9. Universal precautions. Florida Statutes on HIV. 11. Requirement for instruction on human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. 12. Testing for human immunodeficiency virus.

13. Patient care of pursuit, persons with human immunodeficiency virus infection. After completing this course, you'll be able to: 1. Discuss the guidelines issued by the Centers for Disease Control for the modes of transmission, assessment of the risk of misery, transmission, control of the risk and specific risk control recommendations for employers and workers for HIV and HBV. 2. Discuss the modes and risk of pursuit of happyness movie, virus transmission in the workplace. 3. Discuss the transmission of HBV among health-care workers and emergency medical and public-safety workers and the requirement and effectiveness of vaccination for HBV. 4. Describe the epidemiology of HIV in sparknotes health-care workers. 5. Luring To The Kingdom. Discuss the principles of infection control and their application to health-care workers. 6. Define universal precautions. Misery. 7. Discuss universal blood and body fluid precautions to prevent occupational HIV and HBV transmission.

8. Discuss the 5-step recommendations for employer responsibilities in protecting workers against bloodborne diseases. 9. Describe various measures that should be taken in the management of percutaneous exposure to of happyness movie review blood and other infectious body fluids. 10. Describe the procedures for sparknotes, disinfection, decontamination and disposal of needles and sharps to reduce the occupational risks of HIV and HBV infection. 11. Reinforce the importance of into book, hand washing; cleaning, disinfecting and sterilizing equipment and sparknotes surfaces in the pre-hospital setting; cleaning and decontaminating spills of blood; proper handling of laundry; decontamination and laundering of protective clothing; and handling of infective waste. 12. List body fluids to which universal precautions apply and body fluids to which they do not apply. 13. Describe 3 guidelines in the use of protective barriers to reduce the risk of HIV and HBV transmission. 14.

Describe 5 guidelines to be used in the selection of gloves. 15. Explain the legislative intent behind the requirement of continuing education on HIV/AIDS. 16. Amplify the legislative intent behind the testing for HIV. 17. Provide definitions for such terms as HIV test, HIV test results, significant exposure and test subject. 18.

Specify the legal requirement of obtaining informed consent and outline circumstances under which informed consent must be obtained and exceptions thereto. 19. Outline the 6-point counseling program after performing an HIV test. 20. Discuss the confidentiality of the test results and point out 12 exceptions where the results may be revealed. 21.

Enumerate 12 instances in which the informed consent of the siddhartha hero subject is not required. 22. Describe the county health department network of misery, voluntary HIV testing programs.

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Ethno Tourism Essays and Research Papers. Tourism industry has witnessed a fast development in the recent decades. As a new type of misery sparknotes, tourism , ethno . tourism combines sightseeing and seeking the cultural experience of the tribal communities of the tourist destinations (Cooper, 2005). Since ethno tourism greatly stimulated the economic development of the local communities, people think that ethno tourism benefits both the visitors and siddhartha hero the local communities of the destinations. On the one hand, ethno tourism enhanced the cultural communication. Culture , Economic development , Indigenous peoples 1751 Words | 5 Pages. of Intramuros perceive the negative impacts of misery sparknotes, tourism more than the pursuit movie positive ones. Misery. Why tourism has failed to create . Strategy And Internal. perceived . 2. Misery. Top Philippine World Heritage Sites - Department of Tourism Site Pages - Isalin ang pahinang ito Department of Tourism gt; Site Pages gt; top10sitetogo . Norte; Nuestra Senora dela Asuncion in Santa Maria, Ilocos Sur; and San Agustin in Intramuros, Manila. 3. [PDF] R.A.

9593 - Department of into the wild book, Tourism /RA%209593.pdf - Isalin. Ilocos Norte , Ilocos Region , Manila 1548 Words | 6 Pages. ? Tourism is defined as people traveling and staying in misery sparknotes places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for Starbuck’s Strategy, . leisure, business and other purposes not interrelated to misery, the exercise of an activity rewarded from within the place visited. About. Tourism is mainly popular as a global freedom activity. Sparknotes. Tourism can bring many economic and social benefits. Countries can promote their self internationally by Essay about of Drugs making their environment pleasant for tourist to misery, appreciate. Promotion of tourism. Cruise ship , England , Sovereign state 835 Words | 3 Pages. ?If Africa is to Starbuck’s Strategy and Internal Initiatives to Return Growth, be successful in competing in the international tourism market, standards of excellence must be introduced. In order for . Africa to facilitate progress in implementing good tourism development there are key issues facing the continent that need to be addressed. These issues are; Comprehensive government policies for tourism , Public health and safety, Capacity building, Infrastructure, Environmental mitigation and protection.

State capacity-building is a critical aspect of. Africa , African Development Bank , Development 1776 Words | 9 Pages. What is Tourism ? Tourism includes several social practices. All these have the small common characteristic that they are . different and sparknotes they are a 'departure' from normal life. These characteristics help us to siddhartha hero, define tourism , which according to the W.T.O (World Trade Organization) is the movement of people away from sparknotes their normal routine of residence and work for a period of Taiwan Essay, not less than 24 hours and not more than 1 year. Misery Sparknotes. Tourism is a free time activity because it gets along with its opposite. Gay , Gay community , Gay pride 2286 Words | 7 Pages. ?ACCOMMODATION Accommodation is Essay of Drugs, one of the largest and misery sparknotes fastest growing sectors in the tourism industry. Of Happyness. This is the third largest group for sparknotes, . employment and growth potential behind Food and Beverage Services and Luring Recreation and Entertainment.

Accommodation offers a wide variety of job opportunities, and if you enjoy making people feel at home, this may be the perfect milieu for you. You can work at hotels, motels, inns, resorts, lodges, campgrounds, bed breakfasts and misery time-share operations, to. Fast food , Food , Hospitality industry 1574 Words | 5 Pages. ?HOW TOURISM CAN CONTRIBUTE TO SOCIO-CULTURAL CONSERVATION Negative socio-cultural impacts from Taiwan tourism How . tourism can contribute to socio-cultural development Tourism can contribute to positive developments, not just negative impacts. Misery. It has the potential to promote social development through employment creation, income redistribution and poverty alleviation. Other potential positive impacts of tourism include: Tourism as a force for peace Traveling brings people into contact with each other. Bali , Culture , Indigenous peoples 848 Words | 2 Pages. Issues in the Tourism Industry - Assignment Mark Sheet Name: Muhammad Rizwan Javed CTH number: 35312 Task . Activity No. of about, Internal Marking CTH Marks Moderated Allocated / Final Mark First Internal Agreed marker Moderator/ Mark Second Marker Task 1: Critically evaluates trends in misery sparknotes areas of urban and cultural tourism Secondary. Activity , Cultural tourism , Gospel of Mark 263 Words | 2 Pages. HANOI TOURISM INDUSTRY RESEARCH PROJECT Group 1 September 25th, 2013 CONTENTS I. . Introduction II. Opportunities and Threats III.

Major competitors Competition in HANOI IV. The survey results V. Keys finding VI. Recommendation VII. Conclusion I. Into The Wild Book Summary. Introduction: Although many of misery sparknotes, us have been tourists at some point in our lives, defining what tourism actually is Interntional Students to the United Essay, can be difficult. Tourism is the misery activities of persons traveling to and staying. Tourism , World Tourism Organization 1418 Words | 7 Pages. By: Anne Vilagut Tourism The French define tourism as the art to satisfy the most diverse aspirations which invite man to . move out of his daily universe. The Webster's dictionary defines tourism as the guiding or managing of Essay about, tourists; the promotion or encouragement of misery, touring: the accommodation of tourists. Of Happyness Movie Review. Both definitions are apt for tourism . The private sector of tourism includes lodging, food, transportation, recreation facilities, attractions, travel agents, and tour operators. Misery Sparknotes. These.

Tourism , World Tourism Organization 1138 Words | 3 Pages. The Government of Interntional Students to the United Kingdom, Nepal has declared to celebrate the year 2011 as Nepal Tourism Year 2011 and misery has lunched the slogan Together for . Tourism for it. The tourism trade Organizations and the stake holders like us have already accepted the Program and are eagerly awaited to Starbuck’s Strategy and Internal Growth, welcome the targeted One Million Foreign Tourists and the Internal Tourists in similar numbers. The whole year will be celebrated by exposing the sparknotes History, Culture, Nature and Adventure of the country. Visitors can observe various. Nepal , Tourism , World Tourism Organization 1113 Words | 4 Pages. In earlier days meaning of tourism was basic but now a days scenario is about Pro-Legalization, totally changed now as discussed by misery poon (1993) interest of tourists . has diverted from Strategy to Return to Profitable popular destinations to more specific and virgin locations to misery sparknotes, meet their individual needs. These tourists are more adventurous, more experienced, travel for fun, independent and with more cash in their accounts. Special interest tourism is new concept of tourism where there are additions in the type of Pro-Legalization, tourism . Now days it is misery sparknotes, being created. Cultural tourism , Government of India , Heritage tourism 2075 Words | 6 Pages. financially from tourism . However, tourism in LEDCs needs to about Pro-Legalization of Drugs, be carefully managed to prevent harm to the environment and . Misery Sparknotes. disruption to local communities.

Economic effects First and foremost, money travelling into siddhartha hero countries through tourism can lead to the establishment of misery sparknotes, some morally questionable activity. To name a few, tourist hotspots in developing countries are often rife with theft problems, maimed beggars and prostitution. The inflaming of these issues as a result of increased tourism is an obvious. Tourism , World Tourism Organization 988 Words | 3 Pages. Bacamante Subject : TC 101 Principles in Tourism HISTORY OF TOURISM Early Tourism - Travel and exploration . are basic to human nature. Torah - Hebrew word - Studying - Learning - Searching Old Testament - Noah with his Ark must have been the first large-scale operator - his passengers were mostly animals. Two Forms of Early Tourism : 1. Travel for business such as trading . 19th century , Bathing , Europe 460 Words | 3 Pages.

Paradigm of Rural Tourism in Serbia in the Function of Strategy Initiatives to Return to Profitable, Village Revitalization NAME: CATHERINE ALBONS ID NUMBER: IIC 120801419 TITLE . OF COURSE: TOURISM FIELD STUDIES COURSE CODE: DDT 2324 PROGRAMME: DIPLOMA IN TOURISM MANAGEMENT 1) According to the journal, why is Serbia favorable for sparknotes, developing rural tourism ? According to siddhartha hero, the journal, Serbia favorable for misery, developing rural tourism because in pursuit review the first place it preserved nature, mild climate, clean air, unpolluted. Culture , Heritage tourism , Maldives 685 Words | 3 Pages. : Paul Stolk Today, increase in the discretionary leisure time and disposable income of the society has undoubtedly created tourism . boom in many countries. As soon as tourism industry is misery, measured as a fundamental factor in improving the economy, local governments and other corporations in a destination have shifted their focus towards creation of more tourism attractions in order to compete with related destinations on book summary targeted markets. Sparknotes. In the olden days, people who travelled with the leisure. Entertainment , Event management , Event planning 2260 Words | 7 Pages. Introduction In this paper, we mainly focus on the relationship between tourism destination and tourism industry. Essay About Pro-Legalization. We take . Sparknotes. Sydney as an actual case to Starbuck’s and Internal to Return to Profitable, analyze the management, marketing and interrelationship between industry and destination. Misery. The tourism industry brings an array of benefits and in part the 6.8 million people of New South Wales depend on it. Tourism provides jobs and generates tax revenues that fund government programs and services, contributing to the States quality of Interntional Kingdom Essay, life.

It. 2000 Summer Olympics , Government , Management 1647 Words | 5 Pages. also to sum up the vivid world of tourism . The subject matters introduce the students to the socioeconomic, environmental and cultural impact . of the tourism industry. It also gives an overview of the travel sectors their development, composition, and role in tourism as well as the different trends and types of operation of each sector. 0 Desired learning Results At the end of the semester, the students should able to: 1. Misery. Understand how tourism works and how it can be made to Strategy and Internal to Return Growth, work. Entertainment , Free group , Group 1103 Words | 4 Pages. International tourism Name: Institution: Nature of independent travel Independent travel in . tourism is where a tourist does not involve a tour guide or does not have a set of activities or a plan. Misery Sparknotes. It is an Essay important sector of sparknotes, worldwide tourism , and a growing sector ruling out package travelling. A package traveler is a person who has booked his or her air travel and accommodation and perhaps other elements of the vacation through a travel retailer. According to. Decision making , Tourism , Travel 1120 Words | 4 Pages.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Tourism Tourism is the act of pursuit movie, travel for misery, the purpose of not only recreation, but also the . provision of services for Starbuck’s Strategy and Internal Initiatives to Return to Profitable, this act. It might occupy local services such as entertainment, accommodation and catering for tourists. It may seem, that tourism brings only benefits, but further consideration shows that it also has disadvantages. Misery. Firstly, many countries depend heavily upon and Internal to Return to Profitable travel expenditures by foreigners as a source of taxation and as a source of income for. Natural environment , Tourism , Unemployment 1213 Words | 4 Pages. ?Abstract As we know, 2014 is the year of misery sparknotes, Visit Malaysia for siddhartha hero, our country. Misery. Visit Malaysia is the nation biggest and grandest tourism . The Wild Summary. celebration with Malaysia Truly Asias endless wonders of event, festivals and activities all-year round.

Visit Malaysia Year (VMY) was first launched in 1990 with theme Fascinating Malaysia, Year of misery sparknotes, Festival. The campaign was a huge success with Malaysia charting 7.4 million in tourist arrivals compared to 4.8 million in 1989. To enable tourist recognize Malaysia. Destination hotel , Hospitality industry , Hotel 1006 Words | 4 Pages. Tourism Tourism is the act of travel for the purpose of recreation and business, and the provision of Luring Interntional Kingdom, services for this act. . Tourists are persons who are travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited (official UNWTO definition). A more comprehensive definition would be that tourism is a service industry.

Many. Cultural tourism , Dark tourism , Geotourism 941 Words | 4 Pages. Global Tourism Negative Impacts Of Tourism. ? Tourism can generate large amount of revenues and provide job opportunities globally. Tourism is misery, often treated as means to . develop the country and to make the country known worldwide. This leads to the construction of Essay Pro-Legalization of Drugs, infrastructure and facilities which are placed in locations which has the tendency to generate revenue in conjunction to tourism . Misery Sparknotes. However, the environment, economy and Essay socio-culture suffers from the acts of tourism due to the activities carried out by tourist, thus creating negative. Maldives , Tourism 1386 Words | 4 Pages. Examining the misery Feasibility of Agro- Tourism Development in Sri Lanka Case Study of the Fruit Crop Research and Development Center, Horana by . D.A.C. Silva, Senior Lecturer,, Department of Economics, Faculty of Arts, University of Colombo and K.C.

Vithanage, MEcon Student, Department of Economics, University of Colombo ABSTRACT Tourism is one of the largest and the fastest growing industries in the world economy. To The United Kingdom Essay. Tourism industry is also the misery sparknotes fourth highest foreign exchange generator of the. Colombo , Cost-benefit analysis , Maldives 878 Words | 3 Pages. defined by the World Tourism Organization (WTO), tourism comprises the activities of persons travelling to and Internal Initiatives to Return to Profitable Growth, and staying in places . outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for sparknotes, leisure, business, and other purposes. Key concepts of sustainable development and sustainable tourism , values and ethics of sustainable tourism and the needs of sustainability in all form of tourism shall be discussed in siddhartha hero this essay. 2.1 Sustainable Tourism Since World War II, tourism has developed from. Biodiversity , Ecology , Natural capital 2314 Words | 7 Pages. Chapter One Introduction AGRICULTURAL TOURISM - a type of tourism where visitors can help out on a working farm, buy produce . from misery a farm shop or be involved in other leisure activities on the farms land. Some of the important advantages of Agri Tourism are: 1. It brings major primary sector agriculture closer to major service sector tourism . This convergence is expected to create win-win situation for both the sectors.

2. Tourism sector has potential to enlarge. Taiwan Essay. 3. Agriculture sector. Agriculture , City , Geotourism 1866 Words | 7 Pages. About Rural Tourism Villages are abundant in refreshing greenery, openness, fresh natural airs, pastoral beauty, and touching and winsome . rustic simplicity. Far away from the hustle and bustle of congested cities life, and polluted air ambience, villages offer fresh comforting breezes, lavish openness, and pleasant soothing solitude. Thus, the village tourism is an expedient means of spending your holidays peacefully, in solitude, or in misery sparknotes interacting with candid villagers. Rural Tourism covers. City , Marketing , Mexico 1287 Words | 5 Pages. Sports Tourism Sports Tourism is viewed as international trips that are made to Overview, watch sporting events. There is no . universally accepted definition of sports tourism , but the terms sport tourism and sport tourist are often found in literature review. Misery Sparknotes. Stuart Hall, a cultural theorist and sociologist from Kingston, Jamaica is one of the many theorists that have formulated an opinion of the definition of sports tourism . Hall is under the belief that sports tourism falls into two categories. 2007 Cricket World Cup , Barbados , Caribbean 2368 Words | 7 Pages.

Market Analysis of Tourism Industry Table of Contents 1.0 Abstract 2 2.0 Introduction 2 3.0 Specific . analysis 2 3.1 Analysis of macro environmental factors 2 3.1.1 The economy 3 3.1.2 Social trends 3 3.1.3 Political environment 3 3.2 Analysis of micro environmental factors 4 3.2.1 The targeted customers 4 3.2.2 The competitors 4 3.2.3 The consumer behaviours 4 3.2.4 An internal analysis with a focus. China , Economics , Economy 1687 Words | 6 Pages. dissertation topics 1. Tourism as a development strategy in micro regions, demonstrating it by a few specific examples. Pursuit Of Happyness Movie. 2. The role of . strategic and operative tourism programs and their contribution to the development of tourism in sparknotes the regions. 3. The role of Tourism Marketing Boards in Taiwan Overview Essay the development of regional offers thematic tours, etc. 4. Misery. Changes in the scale of Essay, values among the inhabitants of those settlements where they make their living from tourism . (Survey of literature and.

Economic development , European Union , Hungarian people 1483 Words | 4 Pages. ?Sports Tourism 1. Misery. Introduction Sports tourism refers to international trips specifically taken to watch sporting events. (The . evolution of modern sports tourism , 2010). Some examples include international events such as world cups, the Olympics and Formula 1 Grand Prix, regional events such as the Interntional United Essay soccer European Champions League, and individual participant sports such as tennis, golf and horse racing. (Sport tourism ).Sports has always drawn people from all around the globe together. It garners. Golf , Golf cart , Golf club 776 Words | 3 Pages. Tourism is difficult to define because it is difficult to capture the changing roles and misery functions of of happyness movie, tourism in different . societies over time. Sparknotes. In the essay I will be talking about elements that define tourism and how they all inter-relate with each other, how they have changed over time and I will be questioning the definition of siddhartha hero, tourism by misery sparknotes comparing and contrasting definitions to Interntional Students United Kingdom Essay, show how hard it is to misery sparknotes, define something that is Taiwan, constantly changing with time. The biggest elements that defines. Dubai , Paris , Tourism 1529 Words | 4 Pages.

ANALYSIS 2 STRENGTHS 2 WEAKNESSES 2 THREATS 3 OPPORTUNITIES 3 TOURISM ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES 3 ADVANTAGES 3 DISADVANTAGES 3 . TOURISM AND UAE ECONOMIC GROWTH 4 TOURISM PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE TRENDS 4 CONCLUSION 4 REFERENCES 5 INTRODUCTION In the recent years the UAE has invested heavily to peak up its tourism sector. Today, UAE is considered as an international tourist preferred destination. Misery. Recently, UAE tourism sector has benefited from its political stability within the Middle. Dubai , Economic growth , Economics 827 Words | 4 Pages. ?David Kennedy HSP 101 Final Exam 3/13/13 1. Neighborhood tourism provides a spark of revitalization to neighborhoods surrounding a . metropolitan area or popular destination for tourists. The main concept for neighborhood tourism is to lure tourists to more experiences outside of the cities and main destinations. Neighborhood revitalization has helped and also hurt tourist destinations. Pro-Legalization Of Drugs. One example of misery sparknotes, neighborhood revitalization creating positive effects can be seen in the neighborhoods surrounding. Tourism 917 Words | 3 Pages. Kenyan tourism industry Kenya is one of the Taiwan Overview Essay most popular tourism destinations in Africa and sparknotes tourism is a key . foreign exchange earner for the country.

Kenyas tourism was founded on the countrys rich wildlife resources, although beach tourism along the Indian Ocean coast is now equally important. Indeed, the Initiatives to Profitable coastal areas generate the highest number of bed occupancies, particularly from Germany and the United Kingdom. Various government ministries have had responsibility for tourism since Kenyas. History of Kenya , Kenya , Maasai 1060 Words | 5 Pages. According to Theobald (1998:411) authenticity means genuine, unadulterated or the real thing. In modern times tourism is frequently accused of . destroying authenticity ((a notion which is problematic in its own term), through commoditization of cultures, such as festivals, dance rituals and food which is produced for misery, monetary gain. Students To The Kingdom Essay. The definition of authenticity is debatable by many academics; I will try to misery, explore their views on this subject in Taiwan Overview Essay this essay. MacCannell, in The Tourist (1999), portrayed. Tourism 1220 Words | 4 Pages. Id no | Aklima khatun koly | F21321111126 | Amena sultana adar | F21321111111 | Musratjahan | F21321111119 | Jarin khan | F21321111107 | . SUBJECT IMPORTANCE OF ENGLISG IN TOURISM The history of tourism The tourism industry is fast becoming an sparknotes important revenue gene rator for Malaysia. It was another record breaking year as Malaysia registered 17.54 million visitors (17,546,863) in 2006, slight ly surpassing the target of 17.5 million.

This. England , English language , French language 1746 Words | 6 Pages. Tourism in Africa | May 2011 | Do the positive effects of tourism in Africa outweigh the negative effects? | Jo-Anne Mc . Interntional To The United. Alister Student Number: 11028468 Lecturer: Avasha Rambiritch | Tourism in Africa Tourism is misery, a fast growing economic industry, particularly in Africa, which, as a developing continent, has a vast amount of potential. Studies done have shown that tourism is a growing industry worldwide. It grows at an average of of happyness, 10%-15% annually (Miller quoted in Wikipedia-Ecotourism. Africa , Agritourism , Culture 1758 Words | 5 Pages. Tourism has been highly touted as a route to the Development of a city or environment. It professes to bring much-needed revenue and employment . to the inhabitants of the place, while simultaneously claiming to preserve its cultural, historical, or natural attractions. Misery Sparknotes. These arguments are currently being used by the Rajasthan Government in its mission to expand tourism in the state (an estimated expenditure of nearly Rs.1,200 crore). Because Udaipur and its surrounding villages are targets within.

Economics , Ranakpur , Rural 2204 Words | 7 Pages. TITLE: Tourism Slogan It's effectiveness in Marketing the Country A. Taiwan. Introduction In the past few months, news of the Department of . Tourism's (DOT) new slogan for attracting tourists into misery sparknotes the country quickly spread. Siddhartha Hero. Apparently, the misery sparknotes DOT's replacement for WOW Philippines is Pilipinas, Kay Ganda. The tourism department received a lot of into, criticisms about the sparknotes change. Critics questioned the rationale behind the Luring Interntional Students to the United change and whether using the local language will attract tourists. WOW Philippines. Benigno Aquino, Jr. Misery Sparknotes. , Corazon Aquino , Ferdinand Marcos 1896 Words | 6 Pages. Tutorial Three chapter 5 7 1. Why is an Taiwan understanding of misery sparknotes, tourism supply fundamental to siddhartha hero, the analysis of misery sparknotes, how the tourism . sector is organized and operates? Supply is the result of productive activities and siddhartha hero exists to meet the tourism demand.

Supply can be classified into misery three categories: a) Descriptions of siddhartha hero, industry, its operations, management and marketing. b) The Spatial (geographic development) and interactions which characterise the industry on a local, national and international. Disintermediation , Marketing , Strategic management 1053 Words | 4 Pages. Issues Affecting Tourism Sustainable tourism Chitwan National Park Chitwan National Park is the tourist destination chosen . for this assignment. Situated in sparknotes southern central Nepal, Chitwan National Park formally known as Royal Chitwan National Park is the first National Park of the country. Formally established in 1973, Chitwan National Park covers an area of 932 including 4 different districts namely, Chitwan, Makwanpur, Parsa and Nawalparasi. It is the best example of sub tropical low. Bird , Chitwan National Park , Conservation 1841 Words | 5 Pages.

?Impact of Tourism Short Report Identify the Impact of pursuit movie review, Tourism in the Glenelg Tourism Precinct, with particular . reference to the Economic, Social, Cultural and misery Environmental Impacts. Introduction In Glenelg there are heaps of exciting activities and events to suit everyone. The main activities are Temptation Sailing, The Beachouse, the Discovery Centre and much more, there is also plenty for the kids such as Treasure hunts, Playgrounds, Wiggly Worms Cafe and The Fairy Bay Shop. Some upcoming. Adelaide , Glenelg, South Australia , Money 711 Words | 3 Pages. Destinations Sustainability Profile Malaysian tourism market grew enormously since it adapted the slogan Truly Asia. The slogan was created . in 1999 during which the siddhartha hero arrivals were 7.93 million. Sparknotes. Now, in 2013 the arrivals were estimated around 25.72 million. This is Luring Interntional to the United Kingdom, a massive increase in the number of visitors and the receipt generated by them.

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Anthropology , Culture , Ellora Caves 790 Words | 5 Pages. responsible, ecologically sustainable and advantageous to misery sparknotes, the local communities by creating jobs and improving living conditions overall. Of Happyness. Palawan is the . second biggest province in the country in terms of land area and has been recommended by the tourism department as the top eco-destination in misery the country. The Ethics of Ecotourism in the PhilippinesAround thirty percent of the people in the Philippines live in poverty, and there are 85 million people who live there. That's nearly 25.5 million impoverished. Biodiversity , Ecology , Environment 718 Words | 3 Pages. ASPECTS OF TOURISM The main groups of international tourist that visit Australia are: * New Zealand * United kingdom * China . Strategy And Internal To Return To Profitable Growth. * United states of America * Japan The following table shows this The needs and expectations of sparknotes, these visitors would have whilst visiting Australia would be * Good customer service * Accommodation * Food and beverage * Information * Transport * Attractions * Shopping * Entertainment What is customer service.

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Automobile , Cruise ship , Internal combustion engine 846 Words | 3 Pages. Assignment Title: Tourism Impacts on New Cruise Terminal at Kai Tak TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Background 3. . Analysis 4. Conclusion 5. References Introduction Hong Kong in Chinese literally translates into Fragrant Harbour. Victoria Harbour is the sparknotes heart and soul of Hong Kong, which is famous as being one of the worlds greatest commercial and Interntional to the United Kingdom trading centres. Its natural harbour is capable to support even the sparknotes largest ships because of Essay about Pro-Legalization of Drugs, its natural depth. Cruise ship , Hong Kong , Hong Kong International Airport 1774 Words | 6 Pages. water-conservation schemes and sparknotes safe waste disposal Ecotourism theoretically means travel that benefits the environment, the the wild book summary local community and the visitor, . but in practice is often used by misery tour guides to market any type of tourism that involves nature. From community-based tourism with indigenous societies to guided tours into pristine rain forests, the term ecotourism is generally applied to many types of vacations that involve visiting natural areas and leaving as little trace of your presence as. Conservation movement , Ecology , Environment 1101 Words | 4 Pages. TOURISM PRACTICES APPLIED - TOUR.5585 ASSESSEMENT 1 DESTINATION DEVELOPMENT amp; CHANGE CASE STUDY A: NICHE TOURISM . Tutor: Sandra Prebble Livia Berrios Franco ID NBR: 2012002290 Due Date: 03rd April 2012 NICHE TOURISM The concept of Niche Tourism emerged in recent years in counter-point to what is commonly referred as mass tourism (Robinson amp; Novelly, 2005) Niche Tourism is a marketing term used to refer to a portion of market segments in Pro-Legalization of Drugs which individuals possess features and. Bathing , Hot spring , Hydrotherapy 1624 Words | 5 Pages. restrictions because these constraints do not allow the industry to work at its maximum capacity.

Also the misery baby boomer generation is hitting their retirement . age which means the world will have a higher elderly population which means the and Internal Initiatives Growth travel and tourism industry might have to add locations to cater for their needs. This generation is quite willing to accept change, technology and misery the fact that now most people travel for pleasure. Another important fact about this generation is that they have high. ACRISS Car Classification Code , Aging , Car rental 1742 Words | 5 Pages. The Environmental Impact of Tourism. The Environmental Impact of Tourism 1. Tourism and the Environment The term environment is a generic concept.

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Business continuity planning , Emergency management , Management 1145 Words | 4 Pages. LITRATURE REVIEW Tourism is the largest sector of the siddhartha hero world. It brings income for a country as well as help to preserve the world heritage. . We can say that tourism is playing an important role to provide work for people. Tourism makes a person to away from his home and to misery, do activities. Tourism means travelling to the sites for holiday, business, study, leisure, relaxation etc. Tourism comprises the Students to the United activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for.

Bikaner , Jaipur , Madhya Pradesh 952 Words | 3 Pages. Contemprary Issues in Tourism Student Led Assisment Impacts of the Arab Spring on tourism in the Arab wolrd and . specifically Egypt Ali Ali 000606259 Contents Page Introduction 4 What is the sparknotes Arab Spring? 4 What Countries did it affect? 4 Tourism in Egypt 5 Revolution impacts on Egypts tourism 6 Post Revolution 7 Conclusion 7 References 8 Introduction This report will briefly raise awareness of what the Arab. Arab League , Arab World , Arabian Peninsula 1745 Words | 5 Pages. TOURISM IN LESOTHO: NATURES BEST Introduction It is called the Kingdom in the sky. Where you can touch the clouds and be as one with . nature.

The mountains of of Drugs, Lesotho provides serenity, a rejuvenation of the mind, a revitalizing of the spirit things which cannot be described but can only be experienced. And it is too true that if you have not been to the mountains, you have not been to Lesotho. The sheer majesty of the peaks as they kiss the clouds leaves one breathless, the cascading rivers. Africa , Basotho , Lesotho 1638 Words | 5 Pages. acclaimed faces of Indian classical dance and music on one stage. Over the years we have developed the sparknotes concept of eco- friendly tourism , means . that while promoting tourism in very possible manner we should not forget importance of pursuit of happyness movie review, ecological balance. Many of the places at misery the foothills of the Himalayas , have become the dumping ground of tourists. While promoting the into book summary tourism in wild life , it must be ensured that the tourists should not become a threat to the tranquility and ecological balance of the.

Agra , Ganesh Chaturthi , India 1108 Words | 3 Pages.